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Terms in this set (99)
An appreciation of the sacred in the world.
Why sacramental dullness?
Too busy, too much pain, do not know where to look
God's gift of self
Anything that refers to something else (has only one meaning)
A stop sign
Example of a sign
A sign with more than one meaning
Example of a symbol
Symbols closely dependent on a specific situation, place, or group
Notre Dame crest
Example of a cultural symbol
Symbols clearly recognized throughout the world
Example of a universal symbol
Only concerned with the facts
Seeing beyond the facts for a richer interpretation
Symbolic actions that help us concretely express our beliefs
Characteristics of Rituals
Involve movement with meaning, links to the past, participation (not observation)
To make holy
An attempt to put yourself in the presence of God; "thy will, not my will"
An attempt to manipulate spiritual powers; "my will, not God's will, will be done"
God becoming flesh in Jesus Christ
The life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ
The Holy Spirit descends on the Apostles and disciples
Who is the "Church"?
The people of God, the body of Christ, the temple of the Holy Spirit
Phase 1: Before 400 AD
A Roman Religious Rite
What happened during the Early Church (phase 1)?
Constantine lifts the ban on Christian worship in the year 313 AD. Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380 AD.
Phase 2: 400-1000 AD
Bishop of Hippo in North Africa. Appointed in 395 AD
5th Century Theologian
"Signs of a sacred reality"
St. Augustine's definition of sacraments
________ was included in St. Augustine's definition of sacraments.
- baptism, holy water, chrism oil, sign of the cross, Lord's Prayer, etc.
Originally, there were almost __________, considered sacraments
High Middle Ages
Phase 3: 1000-1300 AD
Second Council of Lyons
13th Century. Affirmed there were only seven sacraments (from 30 down to 7)
St. Thomas Aquinas
Added to St. Augustine's definition of sacraments
13th Century Theologian
St. Thomas Aquinas
"Signs of a sacred reality and also causes of God's grace."
St. Thomas Aquinas's definition of sacraments
Council of Trent
Phase 4: 1500s AD
German Catholic monk who protested abuses of sacramental practices, which led to the Protestant Reformation (1517)
In protest, reformers abolished almost all of the sacraments because of the Church's abuses of sacramental practices. Kept a few sacraments like baptism and Eucharist (from 7 down to 2 or 0)
Council of Trent
Convened from 1545-1563 to respond to the Protestant Reformation's doctrinal challenges. Reaffirmed 2nd Council of Lyons doctrine (there are only 7 sacraments). The Church approves a scholastic understanding of the sacraments.
A combination of religion and philosophy
Phase 5: 20th Century AD
Second Vatican Council
Convened from 1962-1965. Pope Saint John XXIII wanted to "open the windows and let in fresh air"
A few changes brought by Vatican II
Mass in vernacular (language of the people), priest faces the congregation, congregation participates
Baptism, Confirmation, First Eucharist
Sacraments of Initiation
Sacraments of Healing
Matrimony, Holy Orders
Sacraments of Vocation
Makes one a child of God. Forgiveness of Original Sin and any Personal Sin. Has a "permanent character"
Humans are born with a built in weakness for making self-serving choices (except for Virgin Mary)
An action or inaction that separates us from God, ourselves, and others
Water and Trinitarian Formula: "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
Anointed one (Greek)
Anointed one (Hebrew)
Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults. The way adults become catholic. 4 phases- Inquiry, Catechumenate, Illumination, Mystagogia
Has a "permanent character"
"Breath of God"
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Wisdom, understanding, right judgement, courage, knowledge, reverence, awe of the Lord
Laying on of hands with "be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit"
Form while being anointed on the forehead with holy chrism oil
What happens at confirmation?
One is commissioned to be a "Christ for others."
Christ is present in 4 ways
In the priest, scriptures, congregation, and in the consecrated bread and wine
The bread and wine are changed into the body and blood of Jesus Christ while remaining under the accidents of bread and wine.
The substance of Christ is ADDED to the substance of bread and wine. (Both realities are present, but 2 substances cannot occupy the same space at the same time)
The substance of Christ's body and blood replace the bread and wine. (A replacement is not a change)
Anything that can exist on its own
The size, shape, or color of a substance
An exchange of goods and services (it can be broken)
An exchange of persons (cannot be broken)
Requirements for a Roman Catholic Marriage
1. One man and one woman who are "free" to marry.
2. One (or both) person must be a confirmed Roman Catholic.
3. Take marriage prep: "Pre-Cana"
4. IF there is a non-RC spouse- must agree to raise children as RC
Purpose of Roman Catholic Marriage
For the mutual benefit of the spouses. The church asks them to be "open to life"
Only recognized by the state
The church's position on divorce
No opinion- the couple is still married until annulment
1. Must have legal divorce first.
2. Process determines if the sacrament was valid.
3. If not valid, then an annulment will be granted.
Grounds for annulment
Fraud, immaturity, doesn't want children, abuse, drug abuse, etc.
Any action or inaction that separates you from God, yourself, or others.
The Mortal Sins
Where we find sin
In our thoughts and desires, in our actions, in our neglect
Sin of Commission
A sinful action
Sin of Omission
Failing to do good where possible
God forgives all sins because ...
God is a
PERPETUAL FORGIVENESS MACHINE
We cannot receive God's forgiveness until ...
We turn back to God
Three forms of the rite of Reconciliation
2. Communal with individual
3. Communal with general absolution
The forgiveness of sins, offered by God through the priest
Seal of Confession
A priest may not reveal, under any circumstances, what is said to him during confession.
1. Offered to non-terminally ill persons.
2. Offered to dying persons.
3. May be received more than once.
Form and matter of Anointing
Laying on of hands and anointing with oil, with prayers
Holy Communion offered to dying persons. "bread for the journey"
Who may be ordained?
1. Bishops - apostolic succession
2. Priests - offer sacraments
3. Deacons - may preside at baptisms and marriage (outside the mass)
Primary function of priest
To lead people to encounters with God
Pledge not to marry
To remain chaste according to one's station in life
A talent or gift
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