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20 terms

The Constitution Ch 3

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Preamble
a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)
constitutionalism
advocacy of a system of government according to constitutional principles
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
veto
the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
judicial review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
unconstitutional
not consistent with or according to a constitution
federalism
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
amendment
a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
formal amendment
change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the Constitution itself through one of four methods set forth in the Constitution
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
informal amendment
A change in meaning, but not the wording, of the Constitution.
executive agreement
an agreement made between the president and a head of state
treaty
a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
electoral college
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
senatorial courtesy
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective appointees for approval to senators from the states in which the appointees are to work.
articles
one of seven main divisions of the body of the constitution
popular vote
vote of the people in a "general election"