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separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the Constitution itself through one of four methods set forth in the Constitution
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective appointees for approval to senators from the states in which the appointees are to work.
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