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Semester II - World History Final Exam
Terms in this set (75)
Caused an increase of people working, the rise of the standard of living, people migrated from rural areas to cities. A time period.
Factories developed in this because sources of power like water were near by
The greatest happiness for the greatest number
Medieval merchants and artisans
Needs to have availability of workers to sell labor, stable political structure, and entrepreneurs
Said that capitalism created prosperity for a few and poverty for many
Means let people do as they choose and believed in an unrestricted free market
The development of factories forced peasants off their land
The development of this causes cheaper transportation costs, rise in agriculture and people being able to work in the city and city people be able to vacation in the country
Improved steam power which helped the industrial revolution
Industrial Women Workers
Paid less for their labor
The working class during the Industrial Revolution lived in these.
The poorer working class during the Industrial Revolution
Wealthy factory owners during the Industrial Revolution
A belief of a group of people that they should bring their civilization to what they believed were inferior races
This conference resulted in for European countries needing to claim parts of Africa, they needed to establish government offices.
Goal was to convert Africans to Christianity like they tried to do in other parts of the world.
This African nation was never conquered due to the fact it modernized and imported European weapons
Troops from India rebelled because their refile cartridges were greased with animal fat.
Fighting between the British and Boers of South Africa
Fighting against the British and Chinese. The Chinese did not want the importing opium as many Chinese became addicted
Freed slave colony
Rulers who Isolated Japan from the rest of the world
Country that was the "Brightest Jewel" of Britain
The Open Door Policy
How the USA was able to trade with China. All countries had equal access to trade with China.
Causes of WWI
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Increase militarism, intensifying nationalism
A very strong loyalty to the nation who shares culture and history and one of the main reasons of WWI.
Imperialism & Nationalism
The connection of the two is when one country gains colonies its military also grows to protect it.
The Balkan Peninsula
Known as the Powder Keg
Germany idea to attack France first and then Russia
Russia entered WWI to defend the Slavic people of Serbia
Battle of Marne
Germany's defeat in this battle caused them to find on two fronts (Eastern and Western)
A new way to fight in trenches causing stalemates. It also extended the war.
A part of war when the government uses propaganda, censors the press and targets civilian supplies for the military.
France, Russia, Serbia, Britain, USA
Ottoman Emire, Germany, Austria-Ungry
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty that stated how Germany was going to pay reparation for the and what happened to the land in Europe and Africa.
This country's territory was broken up and the people were given self-determination.
WWI Impact on Russia
Lost some of its western territory and it led to a civil war.
WWI Impact on African Colonies
Divided among European victors and people were NOT given the right to self-determination
Peace, Land, Bread
Slogan of the Bolsheviks
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Russia surrendered their most productive land to Germany and it ended its involvement in WWI.
NEP (New Economic Policy)
Socialism was struggling in Russia so Lenin established capitalism now in order to achieve socialism later.
People worked on farms with no incentives for the good of the people w
Land owners in Russia who were eliminated over their disapproval of collectivism
Campaign to eliminate opposition to Stalin's power
Started in the cities and moved outward towards the country
Started in the countryside and moved inward towards the cities
Chinese Nationalists & Communists
These two political beliefs worked together to defeat Chinese warlords and the Japanese during WWII and then went back to civil war
Chinese Communist 6000 mile march to flee the nationalists. Many people died
Also known as the great failure as people lacked motivation to work as there was not incentive
Lead uprisings to start the Cultural Revolution
The young in China getting rid of many of the people in academia as they thought they were a threat to communism
Ended the NAP, Leader of Russia, believed in collectivism, propaganda and phased in industry
Leader who was forced into the Long March, took over China, believed in collectivism, propaganda and phased in industry
An authoritarian and nationalistic system of government and social organization. It appealed to people in Germany and Italy because it stopped government instability.
Fascism & Communism
Both have a one party system, disregard to individuality, and a belief in supremacy of the state.
Reasons for French Revolution
Social inequality, large gov. debt, bad harvests.
The Third Estate
Before the French Rev., these people paid almost all of the taxes.
He advocate the government terror during the revolution.
He created a Code of Law which expressed Enlightenment ideals.
The invasion of this country led to the decline and fall of Napoleon.
Congress of Vienna
This is where the victors planned a post-Napoleonic Europe which could suppress revolutionary uprisings.
In the 19th century, how did many Latin American revolutions achieve their independence?
This colony/country gained independence through a slave revolt.
This person called for revolution throughout South America.
This economic transformation led to a higher standard of living.
The Industrial Revolution created the demand for natural resources, which fueled this.
The start of WWI.
Imperialism, Nationalism, and Militarism all contributed to this.
Because of their similar Slavic roots, Russia saw itself as the protector of this nation.
When defeated by the Communists in 1949, the Nationalists fled to this island.
The monarch of Russia.
He was the one party dictator of Italy
Reasons for the Nazi rise to power
The Versaille Treaty, depression, failed democracy.
Nazi took away citizenship of German Jews
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