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An Indian prince who renounced his wealth and social position. After becoming 'enlightened' he enunciated the principles of Buddhism
in Buddhist thought, a potential Buddha who chooses not to achieve enlightenment in order to help save humanity
a method for controlling the body and relaxing the mind used in later Indian religion to yoke or unite the practitioner to the divine
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
in Buddhism and Hinduism, a blissful state brought about by absorption of the individual soul or consciousness into the supreme spirit. also called moksha
in Vedic religions, the ethical consequences of a person's life, which determines his or her fate
in Buddhist worship, walking around the stupa in a clockwise direction, a process intended to bring the worshiper into harmony with the cosmos
lesser local female Buddhist and Hindu divinities. goddesses associated with fertility and vegetation
South Asian religious texts of 800-500 BCE that introduced the concepts of samsara, karma, and moksha
in Buddhism, an account of a sermon by or a dialogue involving the Buddha. a scriptural account of the Buddha
Hindu god. the Destroyer, but is also a regenerative force. when presented in human forms he often has multiple limbs and heads, signs of superhuman nature. sometimes he has a third eye on his forehead (emblem of his all-seeing nature). Shiva rides the bull Nandi and often carries a trident
Hindu god. Preserver of the Universe. frequently portrayed with four arms holding various attributes. when evil forces of the universe become too strong he descends to restore balance and assumes different forms (boar, fish, tortoise, Krishna, and Buddha himself)
in Hindu temple design, the large flat disk with ribbed edges surmounting the beehive-shaped tower
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