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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (42)
Describe Lincoln's Plan for Reconstruction.
Lincoln's Plan for Reconstruction was very lenient.
What was Lincoln's belief on secession?
Lincoln believed the secession was unconstitutional.
Why Lincoln's plan was called the ten percent plan?
His plan was called the ten percent plan because each state could hold a convention to create a new state constitution. 10% of citizen had sworn allegiance.
How did Radical Republicans view Lincoln's plan?
They thought was too lenient.
Who became President after Lincoln's death?
How did Johnson feel about secession?
Johnson didn't like it; believed south had receded and thus needed to be dealt with
Describe Johnson's Plan for Reconstruction.
More generous but denied - unless they shared allegiance to the union.
Why were Radical Republicans upset about both plans?
Radical Republicans were upset about both plans because they wanted to destroy all political power of farmer slave owners.
Why were they known as "radical" republicans?
They were known as "radical" republicans because they wanted to give full citizenship for African Americans so can have the right to vote.
Why did President Johnson feel that Reconstruction was complete in 1865?
Johnson felt Reconstruction was complete in 1865 because he elected southerners and pardoned them all.
What was the purpose of the 13th Amendment?
The purpose of the 13th amendment was to abolish slavery in all states.
Where were African Americans moving after the Civil War?
African Americans were moving to the cities after the Civil War.
What new freedoms had African Americans achieved after the Civil War?
Freedom of movement and education
What did the Freedman's Bureau provide?
The Freedman's Bureau provided hospitals, schools, teacher training; things to help with new lives.
What was significant about Morehouse College?
It was the first black college in America.
What was the purpose of the black codes?
The purpose of the black codes was to restrict rights of the free slaves.
What types of laws were the black codes?
Curfews, unemployment, prevented them from carrying weapons, and marrying whites
What was the purpose of the 14th Amendment?
The 14th amendment broadened the definition of citizens to include African-Americans and others who were previously excluded. The amendment guarantees certain legal rights, such as due process and equal rights protection to all.
What was the purpose of the 15th Amendment?
No citizens could be denied the rights to vote.
How was the Reconstruction Act of 1867 passed?
The Reconstruction Act of 1867 was passed because Congress overrode the president's veto.
Describe Congress' Plan for reconstruction.
Congress thought taking the south was up to military role dividing it into five each controlled by northern general.
Who were the leading Radical Republicans who wanted to impeach President Johnson?
Charles - Massachusetts
Congressman - Pennsylvania
What does impeach mean?
To impeach means to put charges against a president for wrong doing.
Why was President Johnson impeached?
President Johnson was impeached because he tried to fire the secretary of war; he violated the Tenure in Office Act.
What is the Tenure of Office Act?
The Tenure of Office Act was when Congress overrode President Johnson's veto during reconstruction.
How did President Johnson avoid conviction in his impeachment trial?
President Johnson avoided conviction in his impeachment trial by one vote.
Who was the next President of the United States after Johnson?
The next president of the United States was Ulysses S. Grant.
What problems did the South have to overcome after the war?
The south was unable to trade after the union blockaded ports of the south.
Who were the carpetbaggers?
Carpetbaggers were people who came from the north after the civil war to help the south regroup politically.
Why were they nicknamed carpetbaggers?
They were nicknamed carpetbaggers because they carried around suitcases with carpets.
Who were scalawags?
Scalawags were white southerners who supported the goals of the Republicans.
What happened to land in the South after the war?
The land in the South was redistributed after the war.
Who were sharecroppers?
Sharecroppers were freed slaves that rented a white farmers land in exchange for an agreement of a percent of the sharecropper's yearly crops.
What was tenant farming?
Tenant farming is when a farm owner leases out farm for a set price per month.
What was the purpose of the KKK?
The purpose of the KKK was to combat the Republican Party; intimidate.
What was Grant's problem as president?
Grant's problem as president was corruption and scandal.
What was the Compromise of 1877?
The Compromise of 1877 was when the democrats agreed to give Hayes a victory in the president election.
How did Southern states try to prevent blacks from voting?
Southern states tried to prevent blacks from voting by intimidating them and using violence.
What were Jim Crow laws?
The Jim Crow laws enforced the segregation of blacks and whites.
What was the significance of Plessy vs. Ferguson?
It established the separate but equal doctrine.
What did Booker T. Washington accomplish?
Washington was an author and the first African American invited to the White House.
What did W.E.B. Du Bois accomplish?
Du Bois was an author and the first African American to earn a PhD from Harvard University.
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