Magruder's American Government

Chapter 11
expressed powers
stated in the Constitution explicitly (in specific wording)
implied powers
made by reasonable deduction of the expressed powers
inherent powers
by creating a national government for the U.S.
strict constructionists
led by Thomas Jefferson - believed in expressed powers and only using implied powers as necessary
liberal constructionists
led by Alexander Hamilton - they favored a liberal interpretation of the Constitution
a general agreement
a charge levied by government on persons or property to raise money to meet public needs
direct tax
a tax that must be paid directly to the government
property tax
an example of a direct tax
indirect tax
a tax that is first paid by one person then passed on to another and paid by them
an example of an indirect tax
deficit financing
when the government spends more than it takes in
public debt
the money that is borrowed by the government to make up the difference in what it spends
commerce power
the power of the Congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade
Commerce Clause
gives Congress the power to regulate commerce
Glibbons v. Ogden, 1824
the first case involving the Commerce Clause - arose from a clash over steamboats
legal tender
any kind of money that a creditor must by law accept in payment for debts
when you can't pay your debts in full, and you take legal action to distribute what you can pay
a citizen of one country becomes a citizen of another country
the exclusive right of an author to reproduce, copy, and sell his work
grants one person the sole right to manufacture, use or sell something
eminent domain
the inherent power to take private property for public use
assigns to a particular use
Necessary and Proper Clause
a power in the Constitution that gives Congress the expressed power to make all laws which they see necessary
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
a battle in which the government over rode a judgement of the state of Maryland (it was a banking issue). Congress used the "Necessary and Proper Clause" to make its decision
a principle or fundamental policy
a replacement - someone to fill a vacancy - must be voted on in Congress
to accuse or bring charges against
find not guilty
Andrew Johnson
president who was impeached
Bill Clinton
president who was impeached for fooling around with a chic and perjury
lying under oath
Richard Nixon
president who resigned because of the Watergate scandal - he knew he would be impeached
a legal order directing a person to appear in court or produce certain evidence