ACA Illustrator Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (112)
1.1 What 4 pieces of essential information should you get from a client before you begin a project?
audience, goals, purpose, buisness
1.2 What is intellectual property?
A work or invention that is made origionally from creativity
1.2 What are derivative works?
A work based on already created material
1.2 Is copyright required: If the image has a copyright notice.
1.2 Is copyright required: If the image does not have a copyright notice.
1.2 Is copyright required: If the image is marked as public domain.
1.2 Is copyright required: If there is another person in the image besides yourself.
1.2 Is copyright required: If you purchase the image from a royalty-free website.
1.2 Is copyright required: If you find the image with a regular web search.
1.2 Is copyright required: If you created the image yourself.
1.3 What are the five phases of a design project?
Planning, Design, Building, Testing, Publishing
1.4 Why is it important to update a client regularly throughout the design process?
If they do not agree with something you did, you do not have to undo a whole bunch of work.
2.1 What is the Gestalt principle of design?
The whole design is more important than the individual parts.
2.1 When using the Rule of Thirds, where should the focal point of the image be aligned? How many lines make up the rule of thirds?
The rule of thirds is made up by two vertical lines and to horizontal lines, the focal point should be where the lines intersect.
2.1 Explain the concept of hierarchy.
Things that are higher in value should be more visible in the design. This can be done by changing color or increasing size.
2.1 Define these elements of design: space, line, shape, form, value, texture, color.
2.1 What are the 6 principles of design?
Alignment, Balance, Proximity, Contarst, Unity, Repitition
2.1 What is negative space?
Empty space in a design
2.2 What is the purpose of the Color Guide panel in Illustrator?
2.2 What are Harmony Rules?
Everything in a design needs to be pretty and works together
2.2 What is the difference between ppi and dpi?
ppi= pixels per inch; dpi= dots per inch
2.2 What resolution is recommended for a printed graphic? Displayed?
300ppi for printed and72 dpi for displayed
2.2 What are some common raster file types?
.jpg, .png, .gif, .bmp, .tif, .psd,
2.2 What are some common vector file types?
.eps, .ai, .svg, .pdf,
2.2 What are some common video file types?
.avi, .mov, .mp4, .mpg
2.3 What type of font is used on this review worksheet (serif or sans-serif?)
2.3 Center align the text of a paragraph.
Text tool>Paragraph>Center Alighn
2.3 Change the kerning, leading, or horizontal scale.
2.3 What is kerning?
Kerning is the space between two letters
2.3 What is leading?
Leading is the space between all of the slected text
2.3 What is tracking?
Tracking is the space between two lines
2.4 Create a new graphic symbol using the currently selected object.
Keep the object selected and go to the symbols panel; Then hit the new symbol button
2.4 Open a symbol library and use a symbol.
In the symbol library, find the symbol you want to use and click and drag to your document
2.4 What is the definition of an instance?
however many timesa symbol is used on an artboard
2.4 Break an instance's link to its original symbol.
break the link n options bar to be able to edit an instance
3.1 Change the workspace to tracing.
In the top right hand corner, clcik the drop down arrow. The first option showing up is usually "essentialS". Choose the "tracing" option
3.1 Duplicate an existing artboard.
Go to the artboard panel and hit the new artboard button. This will make an identicle artboard to the origionl one.
3.1 Change the artboard orientation to landscape.
Click the Document Setup button in the Control Bar, or select Document Setup from the File menu. When the dialog box comes up, hit the edit button and switch the orientation
3.1 Resize the artboard to 5" x 7"
Click the Document Setup button in the Control Bar, or select Document Setup from the File menu. When the dialog box comes up, hit the edit button and change the size
3.1 Change the options for any tool in the toolbar.
When you are using a tool, double click it and the options dialog box will come up
3.2 Display the Rulers.
In the view menu, hover over the rulers option and click show rulers
3.2 Clear all guides.
In the view menu, hover over the guides option and click clear guides
3.2 Change the display to Outline mode. What does Outline mode do?
In the view menu, select outline. The outline view does not hide anything except effects. It still shows all of the paths and anchor points.
3.2 Hide all guides.
In the view menu, hover over the guides option and click hide guides
3.2 Fit the artboard so it fills the screen.
Double tap the hand tool
3.2 Change the Units of Measurement.
When you have the rulers displayed, right click on them and select the desired unit of mesure
3.2 Display the perspective grid.
In the toolbar, select the perspective grid
3.2 Display the transparency grid.
View>Show Transperancy Grid
3.3 Create a Swatch from the current foreground color.
Use the eydropper tool to find the froeground color. Hit the new swatch button in the swatches panel
3.3 Add all colors used in the current document to the Swatches panel.
Use the eyedropper tool
3.3 Delete all unused colors from the Swatches panel.
In the swatches manager, select the option that says select all unused swatches and then hit delete
3.3 Apply a Swatch to an object.
select the object and then choose the color you want
3.3 Modify an existing swatch to have a tint of 40%.
change the swatch to global then with the swatch selected in the color panel hit t and change the tint
3.3 What is the difference between spot and process color?
spot colors are individual shades that print by themseleves; they are given thier own cartdridge full of that one color. Procsess are like RGB or CMYK and all of the colors print off of one cartdridge and may not look the same printed as on the computer
3.3 What is the purpose of global swatches?
can be used in all Adobe interfaces
3.4 What is a Bezier curve?
A bezier curve is a curve made of mathematical equations and can be edited very easily
3.4 What are the benefits to vector images?
vector images are made of methematical equations and have no pixels in them. This gives them a higher image quality
3.4 What are the benefits to raster images?
Ratser images are made of pixels- small squares filled with individual data, this is useful because you can edit each square seperatly
3.4 If you import an image from a digital camera, will it be a raster or vector image?
3.4 What's the difference between corner and smooth points?
corner points are pointy and smooth points are round
3.4 How do you convert a corner point to a smooth point? (Hint: Options Bar)
When you have a shape selected with thw white arrow tool, you can click on the word corners and change them to be however you want
3.5 What are the five types of custom brushes, and what type of effect is created by each one?
art- objects and shapes getting stretched out on a path; calligraphic- fluctuating width based on curves in drawing; scatter- objects and shapes getting thrown onto the document along the path; bristle brush- creates a brush stroke with a natural bristle look; pattern- creates a pattern of individual tiles that repeat along the path
3.5 Create a new Graphic Style from the currently selected object.
select the object and then open the graphic styles panel. from here, hit the new style button at the ottom of the panel
3.5 Create a Gradient Mesh with 5 rows and 5 columns.
Select the object you want to mesh and go to object>gradient mesh>make. when the dialog box apperas, yoe in the number of columns and rows you want
3.5 Create a blend from two circles that results in a total of 6 circles. (Hint: The two existing circles count as part of the total...)
Select the two shapes you are using to make your bland and go to object>blend>make. ONCE THE BLEND is made, go t object>blend>blend options and choose specified steps and then type in 6
3.6 Add, delete, move, duplicate, and rename layers.
Add- hit the button at the bottom of the layers panel that looks like a page; delete- select the ;ayer you want to delete and then hit the trasg can button at the bottom; move- click and drag the layer up and down to move it; dupicate- click and drag the layer you want to duplicate to the new layer button and then release; remane- double click the layer and begin typing
3.6 Move an object to another layer.
Open the layer the object is on to show the sublayers THEN CLICK AND DRAG the sublayer of the object to the layer it is getting moved to
3.6 Flatten all artwork.
In the layer panel, open the fly menu and click th button that says flatten artwork
3.6 Create a clipping mask.
Slect the image and the sahpe that is on top of it and then go to object>clipping mask>make
3.6 What is Isolation mode used for, and how do you enter it?
isolation mode is used when you want edit only one object and you can enter this by double clicking on the object
3.6 Export the file as a .TIF.
file>export and then save as TIF
3.6 Place a Photoshop file within an existing Illustrator file.
file>place choose the one you want to place that is a .psd
3.6 How should you save a file that will be used on a website?
file>export>save for web
4.1 Create a new document with four artboards that are 1000 x 1000 pixels, and save the settings as a document preset.
file>new, make the setting thn hit create. Afetr this, save the document to a special folder
4.1 What is the purpose of a bleed space?
bleed space allows you to print your document and keep the space before it getting clipped
4.2 What are the functions of the following tools: scissors, blob, spiral, star, anchor point, knife, direct selection, lasso
Anchor point tool adds, deletes, marks, and edits anchor tool; direct selection tool is also known as the white arrow tool and llows you to edit shapes using anchor points; lasso tool makes a freeform selection of all of the anchor points in the area you draw in with no paths getting selected; blob brush is a brush that has a fill and stroke but the same appearance as a regular brush; knife tool splits shapes when you draw; spiral tool draws a spiral tool; star tool draws a star; cuts a path at any two places of your chooing
4.2 In general, which tool would artists use to trace a design in order to create the smoothest, most precise shapes?
4.2 What is the difference between the Blob Brush and the Paintbrush tool?
the blob brush draws a filled shape with a stroke and the brush only draws a path
4.2 What is the Width tool used for?
allows you to manually adjust the width of the stroke along any given point in the path
4.3 Wrap text around an object.
object>wrap text>make makes the text mold around a shape
4.3 Create point type.
begins at an ancor point and continuously goes in a line
4.3 Create paragraph type.
akes a text box to contain the text in whatever shape yu give it
4.3 Create type on a path using an existing path.
ACTIVATE THE TYPE ON A PATH TOOL and click on the desired path
4.3 What is overflow/overset text, and how can you tell when your text is overset?
text that does not get shown in the text box because it gets set out by other text
4.3 How do you convert text to outlines, and what happens when you do this?
Change TEXT TO OUTLINES IN THE TYPE PANEL
4.4 Image Trace an image using the Shades of Gray preset and expand it.
object>image trace>make in the option bar
4.5 Add a 3-D Extrude & Bevel effect with an X-axis rotation of 90 degrees.
effects>3D>extrude & bevel then set the rotation of the X-axis to 90
4.5 Add a Radial Blur.
4.5 Add a drop shadow.
4.5 Change a layer's opacity.
Chnage the opacity in the transparency panel
4.5 Change a stroke's alignment to inside.
with your shape selected, in the stroke panel select the button that says set stroke to inside
4.6 Flip an object horizontally.
4.6 Convert a specific anchor point from corner to smooth.
select the anchor point with the white arrow tool and then use the options bar to choose the covert option to smooth
4.6 How do you activate Live Corners to make the edges of a shape rounded?
select the object with the direct selection tool and tsee the whie circles pop up in the corners that allow you to maually change the roundness of the shape
5.1 Create a proof setup using US Web Coated SWOP v. 2
allows you to add conditions to your document before printing to view whet it will look like
5.1 Add Crop marks to an existing image.
5.1 Save an image for the web using JPEG Medium quality.
file>export>save for web then set it to PG medium quality
Document Presets- UPDATED ABOVE***
Effects- Illustrator: paths and shapes; Photoshop: pixels***
Selecting Invisable Objects- Use the layer panel!***
Resolution when creating a document- file>new>raster effects***
Type Effects- graphic style panel, then libraries***
Slices- used for web design to draw squares on a screen and create a layout for your web page; Export a slice: use the slice selection tool then go to file>save for web and in export dialod hit selected sices then say save***
Change options for blend tool by double clicking on the blend tool***
When using live corners hold shift and select each circle***
OJECT PANEL IS DISABLED!***
When making tints be sure to hit show options before making your tint***
Color sliders change from numbers to 255 to percents of 100 when going from RGB to CMYK***
When you update color settings, go to edit>color settings***
the opacity mask is like a layer mask in photoshop but you have to have the objects visable and selected***
packaging includes fonts, shapes and data together to open the .ai file on another computer***
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