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Chapter 7 (continue) and Chapter 8
Terms in this set (26)
War of 1812
1812-1815, Resulted from Britain's support of Indian hostilities along the frontier, interference with American trade, and impressments of American sailors into the British army."America's Second War for Independence" against Britain.
Star Spangled Banner
Francis Scott Key wrote this poem after attack on Fort McHenry during War of 1812, while negotiating the release of american soldiers
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson led a battle that occurred when British troops attacked U.S. soldiers in New Orleans on January 8, 1815; the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in December, 1814, but word had not yet reached the U.S.
December 1814 - A convention of New England merchants who opposed the Embargo and other trade restriction, and the War of 1812. They proposed some Amendments to the Constitution and advocated the right of states to nullify federal laws. They also discussed the idea of seceding from the U.S. if their desires were ignored. The Hartford Convention turned public sentiment against the Federalists and led to the demise of the party.
Treaty of Ghent
December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
"Father of the Factory System" in America; escaped Britain with the memorized plans for the textile machinery; put into operation the first spinning cotton thread in 1791.
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contributed to the concept of interchangeable parts that were exactly alike and easily assembled or exchanged
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
Battle of Tippecanoe
On November 7, 1811, Indiana governor William Henry Harrison (later president) defeated the Shawnee Indians at the Tippecanoe River in northern Indiana; victory fomented war fever against the British, who were believed to be aiding the Indians.
William Henry Harrison
(1841), was an American military leader, politician, the ninth President of the United States, and the first President to die in office. His death created a brief Constitutional crisis, but ultimately resolved many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until passage of the 25th Amendment. Led US forces in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
..., A Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as The Prophet, worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. The league of tribes was defeated by an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Tecumseh was killed fighting for the British during the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Thames in 1813.
"A form of rationalism that admits a natural, rational religion, and therefore a belief in God, based on philosophical theology
"Era of Good Feeling"
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
5th President of the U.S. 1817-1825 acquired Florida from Spain; declared Monroe Doctrine to keep foreign powers out.
"dynasty" comprised of the four of the first five presidents (Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe), all of whom Virginian plantation owners
conflict that began in florida in 1817 between the seminole indians and the us army when the seminoles resisted removal
Panic of 1819
1st depression for the US; Biddle cuts off poorly run banks ("wildcat" banks) from federal business; results in all banks left being well run; major cause was over-speculation in land prices, where the Bank of the United States fell heavily into debt
(1823) President James Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)
John Quincy Adams
(1767-1848) Son of President John Adams and the secretary of state to James Monroe, he largely formulated the Monroe Doctrine. He was the sixth president of the United States and later became a representative in Congress.
Dartmouth College vs. Woodward, 1819
Marshall ruled that Dartmouth College's charter that had been granted by King George was to be upheld because it was a contract. Set precedent for protecting businesses from state governments. Example of federal law surpassing state law.
McCulloch vs. Maryland, 1819
Supreme Court ruling: states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders; strengthened federal power
Gibbons vs. Ogden, 1824
Recognized that the power to regulate interstate trade was exclusive to the federal government.
(1829-1833) and (1833-1837), Indian removal act, nullification crisis, Old Hickory," first southern/ western president," President for the common man," pet banks, spoils system, specie circular, & trail of tears.
Jackson, Clay, Crawford and Adams run for president, Jackson didn't get the majority. Constitution required the House of Reps choose among the 3 candidates (crawford ill), Clay chooses to support Adams because he didn't like Jackson, Adams wins the election. Jacksonians are enraged. Adams names Clay secretary of state, basically his successor. Jacksonians claimed it was a "corrupt bargain"
Worcester vs. Georgia, 1832
1832 The court banned Georgia's extension of state law into Cherokee land. Jackson ignored the decision.
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