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Western Art to 1500: Ancient Near East Art (WEEK 1)
Terms in this set (38)
Invented writing, independent city states, humans able to begin reading and writing since they didn't need everyone to help farm.
Pictures of things they wanted to represent.
Used to help write with.
Comes from latin as wedge shaped.
Head of a Woman
most important sumerian women goddess of love and war, stolen in 2003 during a US invasion now it is damaged.
Anu Ziggurat and White Temple
Center of the city, takes care of the population, their connection to god, made out of white wash mud brick.
high platform 40 ft above street level, Images of gods to worship them, stairway to heaven closer to the gods.
inner area of an ancient temple holds cult images of gods.
Statuettes of two worshipers
These are in temples, waiting for the gods, hold beakers to drink hallucinogens while waiting for gods, praying to something in the waiting room.
Carved vase, a votive offering.
Gift to a Deity or Inanna.
3 hierarchy levels on a vase, bottom is farming, middle is naked men carrying the offering to the goddess above, top is gifts that Inanna receives.
Hierarchy of Scale
The larger the figure the more important they are.
Standard of Ur
In royal graves, set of images seen on someone in battle.
The Great Lyre with Bull's Head
In the grave of king for entertainment for after life, 5 ft taller than the average man, kings are associated with bulls for strength.
the first "True King" liked to impose the people he conquered with a scary message.
Goddess of love and war, killed the current king to have Sargon be the new king. (Sargon dreamed that Inana drowned Ur Zababa)
Head of a Man
Eyes have been taken out, shows the hatred of royalty after the fall.
A figure of a man's head made out of clay covered in wax, put in the ground, bronze poured in it and taken out of the ground.
Stele of Naram-Sin
One of the earliest examples of a stele.
Similar to a tombstone today, flat stone to celebrate someone.
Shows the importance of images by increasing their size in relation to others on the picture.
King Urnammu's building project, dedicated to the moon goodness called Sin.
Stele of Hammurabi
Hammurabi the first king of Babylonian empire, Best known for law code protecting property/ domestic/ assault
Code of Laws: Executed if...
- Steals royalty property
- Breaking into a house
Babylonians could not conquer the Hittite, this empire needed to be defended against Babylonians and Egyptians, citadels needed to be built around them.
Main entrance, terrorize people who came in because of the scary figure, half man half animal.
Stone foundation that surrounds a palace to protect the capital from invading armies, upper made of brick which is why that part washed away.
Tells us about how the culture protects them, and terrorize people when they enter.
"Ashur Guardian of the Heir" massive temple, walls covered with plaster and paint.
Ceremonial hunt, controlled hunt since the emperor can't be put in danger, lions associated with royals.
Assyrian Archers Pursuing Enemies
Drive enemies into the river.
Citadel and palace complex of Sargon II
Massive ziggurat, painted in different colors, inner part of palace guarded by guardian figures.
another ruler who says he has the same power as Sargon, gods help him with enemies so people should not go against him, receives the divine blessing.
uardian figure, bearded head of a man body of a lion or bull eagle wings horn headdress of a god, ward of enemies, strike terror to visitors, people to think ruler can crush them.
Massive gate, lions and dragons all over it, blue glazed.
Everyone had to pass through getting to the city to make sure it was protected.
Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute
"Great king" he had to be a good administrator, very tolerant.