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Global Studies Final Review Vocabulary
Terms in this set (99)
the first city in which Mohammed inquired converts for Islam
The Holy city of Islam with the Kaaba
the holy city of the Jews, sacred also to Christians and Muslims. During the Crusades, it was constantly being fought for.
Capital of the Ottoman empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century
the rule or reign of a caliph or chief muslim ruler; the area ruled by a caliph
12th-and 13th-century feudal states created by Western European crusaders in Asia Minor, Greece and the Holy Land, and during the Northern Crusades in the eastern Baltic area
the breach between the Eastern and Western Churches, traditionally dated to 1054 and becoming final in 1472
Pope who called for the people to start a Crusade at the Council of Clermont and ordered them to chant "Deus Vult" which means "God Wills it" (slogan of the first Crusade). Gets a petition by Alexius I
the emperor of the Byzantine Empire at the time of the First Crusade (1095-99)
The protectors of the holy sites in the Holy Land (Black with Red Cross)
A religious of order of knights, they healed the wounded, the sick, and the dying. (White with a black cross)
the military title for the leader of all muslims
was a Turkish nationalist party in the early 20th century that consisted of Ottoman exiles, students, civil servants, and army officers. They favoured the replacement of the Ottoman Empire 's absolute monarchy with a constitutional government. They are Muslim (Sunni), college aged kids who thought they knew everything. Responsible for the Armenian Genocide
Stephen the Shepard
Shepard boy who was one of the leaders of the Children's Crusade. He was visited by Jesus and was called by him to raise this Crusade
First sultan of the Ottoman empire
Holy Roman Emperor, leader of the 2nd Crusade, looking to enhance his land ownership. Dies in the 3rd Crusade while in Route from a horse accident. He "fell face down into the water"
Godfrey of Boullion
One of the leaders of the first crusade. Eventually becomes leader of the county of Antioch. Had an evil brother named Baldwin and he was considered to bet the good brother.
Nicholas of Cologne
considered to be another leader of the Children's Crusade. He received a letter that was signed by Jesus urging him to lead this Crusade.
city formally known as Constantinople
the sacred or holy pilgrimage
the ninth month of the Muslim year, during which strict fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset
a native or inhabitant of ancient Gaul. Former area of France. (Most were French)
a branch of the Indo-European family of languages that includes Gaelic, Welsh, and Breton, still spoken in parts of Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and Brittany
Pro British. Protestant British settlers in Ireland who opposed Catholic Emancipation and Irish independence from Great Britain
the government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens. (Half Independence)
The Irish parliament located in Dublin, the Republic of Ireland
located in Dublin, it's the place where Bloody Sunday occurred which broke out and killed 32 people
the capital city of the Republic of Ireland
the capital and chief port of Northern Ireland
Eamon De Valera
An Irish Republican. One of the leaders of the Irish independence. Wants a free and unified Ireland
A member of Parliament for Sinn Fein, he was one of the negotiators of the Anglo - Irish Treaty of 1921
Asian country that was under British rule until 1947. It was referred to as the "Jewel in the crown"
a British Queen of nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. During her reign, Britain grew higher in industry, power, and diplomatic influence. She is considered to be the Empress of India.
The year of Indian independence. India becomes part of the common wealth of nations.
an Indian soldier serving under British or other European orders
incident on April 13, 1919, in which British troops fired on a large crowd of unarmed Indians in Amritsar in the Punjab region of India, killing several hundred people and wounding many hundreds more
Queen of England, absolute monarch, and granted the royal charter for the British settlement of India
The present Queen of England
a document that is signed by the king or queen of a country, and that gives an organization particular rights
Regulated the British East India Company and eventually puts it out of business
British East India Company
trading company that eventually becomes corrupt and becomes liquidated by the British
Act of Better Government of India
called for the liquidation of the British East India Company, it abolished traditional Indian codes of law, and it abolished Indian rights to land ownership
Muslim prime minister of the independent Pakistan as of 1947. During the fight for independence he was the prime minister of the Muslim League. Became influenced by corrupt political ideas
send (goods or services) to another country for sale
bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale
withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.
a society that is not governed by a state. There is no government and any authority that exists are very limited in power
Female led society
Male led society
the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Survival of the fittest
White Man's Burden
the task that white colonizers believed they had to impose their civilization on the black inhabitants of their colonies
a form of segregation. It was carried out by the minority white population. Forced to the general non-white people
most ancient language in Africa. Very few people speak it. Will become an extinct language.
The dispersion of many people from their homeland. Today it is now celebrated as a source of joy and pride. It takes the negative experience and makes it positive. It is told through stories, done through clothing, language, food, etc. (Kwanza celebrates the culture)
the "potato famine" of Africa. Many cattle died resulting in millions of deaths
story tellers. Generally elders who tell stories to the young. They hold history as sacred
Mohandas K. Gandhi
Considered to be the Father of India. He believed in full independence for India and also believed in non-violence.
the Father of the African Diaspora. He educates Africans to help them acknowledge their past
prime minister of the Cape Colony. He expanded British territory in Southern Africa
The Father of South Africa. First non-white president of South Africa
the action or fact of maintaining or supporting oneself at a minimum level (hunters, gatherers, and farmers)
manufactured goods that creates wealth for some nations
the major European nations met to decide all questions connected with the Congo River basin in Central Africa. (Congo Conference) Its goals were to regulate the "scramble for Africa", regulated trade, and maintain peace among the "mother countries"
League of Nations
an association of countries established in 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles to promote international cooperation and achieve international peace and security. It was powerless to stop Italian, German, and Japanese expansionism leading to World War II and was replaced by the United Nations in 1945.
the process of sending slaves to the Caribbean to work before bring them to the US
Defined gold as something of value. His kingdom was Mali. Historians say that he was the richest person in all of history. " The Gold King"
King Leopold II
Belgium King. Very greedy ruler of the Congo that ordered the recessive types to have their hands cut off. He was called the "White Devil" by the Congolese
He is considered to be the Father of Ethiopia. He used guerrilla warfare against Italy on the fight for independence
One of the poorest nations in Africa because of its limited natural resources. It was formally under control of Italy but eventually gained its independence
a shipping canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea at Port Said with the Red Sea. It was designed by Ferdinand Lesseps and was under control of the British
a period of colonial expansion and its accompanying ideologies by the European powers, the United States, and the Empire of Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries
Sphere of Influence
a country or area in which another country has power to affect developments although it has no formal authority
a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country
A status of imperialism that is considered to be more advanced. Sovereignty or control
a principal administrative division of certain countries or empires
Commodore Matthew Perry
opened Japan to the west with the Treaty of Kanagawa in 1854. "Would you like to trade with the U.S"
Secretary of State under William McKinley that proposed the Open Door Policy
One of the major exports from China. It was used for tableware, decorative objects, laboratory equipment, and electrical insulators
Another export from China. It was used in the manufacture of clothing such as dresses, ties, shirts, etc.
a reddish-brown heavy-scented addictive drug prepared from the juice of the opium poppy, a war was fought between Great Britain and China that began in 1839 as a conflict over the opium trade and ended in 1842 with the Chinese cession of Hong Kong to the British
first imposed upon China by the British in the Treaty of Nanking, resulting from the First Opium War
Open Door Policy
Policy in which John Hay opened other European nations to China
the capital of China. Contains the grand Forbidden city and the Imperial Palace.
Former province of Great Britain. It was promised independence on Dec 31, 1997
Ho Chi Minh Trail
a network of jungle paths winding from North Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia into South Vietnam
a member of a powerful military caste in feudal Japan, especially a member of the class of military retainers of the daimyos
the code of honor and morals developed by the Japanese samurai
an ancient Chinese tradition that, today, is practiced as a graceful form of exercise. It involves a series of movements performed in a slow, focused manner and accompanied by deep breathing
Battle of Shiroyama
the final battle of the Samurai Rebellion where the Samurai faced the Imperialist Japanese Army
Time of violence. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy were assassinated, and the Tet Offensive begins
a state that is controlled and protected by another
Turks who are descendants of Genghis Khan and followers of Osman I
a member of the lowest - caste Hindu group or a person outside the caste system. Contact with them is traditionally held to defile members of higher castes. The outcast of Hindu society.
The Irish Laboratory
Ireland is Britain's test subject since they are its first colony. Ireland became the laboratory for British Imperialism
an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth. He preformed ethnic cleansing against the "filthy catholics"
the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society
Country that contained the city of Constantinople (the former capital of the Ottoman Empire) which is now called Istanbul. It is also the location of the Armenian Genocide carried out by the Young Turks
an Arab or Muslim especially at the time of the Crusades. Another term used by the Europeans to describe the Seljuk Turks.
relating to Armenia, its language, or the Christian Church established there. They faced discrimination in the early 20th century and suffered greatly in the Armenian Genocide carried out by the Young Turks. Considered to be minority Christians.
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