16 terms

Scientific Method, Scientific Method

scientific method vocab
STUDY
PLAY
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and solve problems
problem
always in form of a question; the question we are trying to answer by doing the experiment
hypothesis
An educated, testable, guess
data and results
A summary of the data you have collected (graphs, tables, charts, photos, etc.); all your observations from the experiment
conclusion
the answer to your question; a summary of what you have learned from an experiment
control group
part of an experiment that does not contain a variable; all conditions are kept normal; used as a COMPARISON
independent/manipulated variable
factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes; the cause
dependent/responding variable
the factor that changes (measured) as a result of the experiment; the effect
Problem
The question you want to answer. Inquiry has led to many discoveries in science. Ask your question.
Hypothesis
Tell what you think is the answer to the problem
Variables
Change one thing when you test your hypothesis. Keep everything else the same.
Experiments
Test your hypothesis. You may need to do this step more than once to see if the results are the same each time.
Data
Organize into charts, tables, drawing, and diagrams. You can decide what the information means.
Conclusion
Compare your results and hypothesis. Decide if your hypothesis is right or wrong. Tell what you decide.
Theory
A plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomena.
Scientific Method Order
Question, observation, hypothesis, controlled experiment, conclusion
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