What are the 5 functions of Vitamin C?
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1. increases cross-connections between amino acids in collagen fibers greatly increasing their strength
2. Vitamin C is also an Anti-oxidant
3. Necessary for synthesis of a number of hormones, neurotransmitters, and bile, and optimal function of the immune system
4. Cold prevention? Vitamin C does not prevent colds; it may reduce duration for 1-2 days
5. Cancer prevention? Controversial, may work through its antioxidant activity
1. molecules that fight damage by free radicals, unstable molecules that can harm cellular structure
- Antioxidants can donate an electron to neutralize the damaging effects of an unpaired electron in free radicals
- Free radicals are generated by macrophages and other cells of the immune system, the sun, chemicals, pollution, normal wear-and-tear
2. Antioxidants also Protect DNA and Proteins