Ancient Greece Vocabulary
Terms in this set (38)
The fortified center of a city-state, often found on elevated ground
a large open market place found in all ancient Greek city-states.
Alexander the Great
Macedonian king who created one of the largest empires of the ancient world
Rule by a wealthy elite class. In the case of ancient Athens, this consisted of landholding, wealthy, adult Athenian males.
Student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great who helped organize the thoughts that led to the foundation of Western philosophy
Goddess of wisdom and warfare and guardian of Athens
City-state in ancient Greece focused on education and creativity
A central city and its surrounding villages who collectively follow a similar way of life
type of column with more complex carvings; capital is marked by stylized acanthus leaves,
an Island southeast of mainland Greece where a pre-Greek civilization grew between 2600 - 2000 BCE
System of government where all individuals have a say in the decisions that affect them.
a system of government in which citizens participate directly rather than through elected representatives
type of column without a base. It is a simple column with parallel concave flutes that gonner thinner toward the top.
Also known as the Periclean age or the Golden Age of Pericles, the period of time in Greek history from 546 B.C. the victory of the Greeks over Persia to the end of the Pelopponesian War in 404 B.C. when Greece achieved a high state of culture and a stable government.
blend of Greek, Persian, Egyptian and Indian cultures
An ancient Athenian who lived in the dark ages and is credited with writing the Odyssey and the Iliad
Type of column that is thinner, sits on a base and spirals curled in toward the top
Rule by a king or queen, often kept within a particular family, passed down from father to son
polytheistic, deities like humans, but with superhuman powers, offered explanations for natural phenomena, human qualities, and life events, key deities: Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Aphrodite, Artemis, Athena; depicted in Western Art as well as Greek art
epic poem written by Homer
Rule by a small group of people
Athletic competitions held between various city-states to honor Zeus
a prophetess who was thought to be the human voice of Apollo
Temple on the Acropolis dedicated to the goddess Athena
A war between Athens and Sparta - 431 - 404 BCE
A great leader of Athens, great speaker, used Delian league money to beautify Athens
the study of the processes that govern thought, perception and morality
Student of Socrates, writer of philosophy, and founder of the Academy in Athens
Belief in many gods
God of the sea, earthquakes and horses
Athenian who is widely considered the father of Western philosophy
City-state in ancient Greece focused on war
A narrow water passage
a serious drama that has a sorrowful or disastrous ending.
A ten-year long conflict between the people of the ancient cities of Sparta and Troy about which the Iliad is written. The authenticity of this conflict and the myth it inspired (the Trojan Horse) have been in doubt for thousands of years. Recently, ruins of what many believe to be the ancient city of Troy were discovered along the Turkish coast.
a person with absolute supreme power that ruled the city-states
Father of the Gods