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ANTH 23 FINAL
Terms in this set (55)
right to self-government of their own peoples and territories
American Indian economic double bind
American Indians need sovereignty to get economic resources, and resources to run sovereignty. But when they get wealthy, other groups want to take away that sovereignty.
government policies that give positive preference to any non class/economic group.
politics of preemption/Nixon
A reason for Nixon's support of AA. Affirmative action allowed him to claim to be pro-civil rights and get the black votes.
women and multiculturalism
A part of feminism that involves both rights for women while also looking at other forms they faced through discrimination.
Female genital mutilation
The practice, traditional in some cultures, of partially or totally removing the external genitalia of girls and young women for nonmedical reasons. It is illegal in many countries, and used as a coming of age ritual, also example of bad multiculturalism.
During World War II, the American government put Japanese-Americans in internment camps, fearing they might be loyal to Japan. Was not fair for the Japanese.
Asian American identity
popular views of Asian Americans are tied to international affairs, ignorance of ethnic differences and political activism spawn pan-Asian identity. There is a tension between cultural retention and assimilation
American Indian Termination
Relocation of natives from reservation to cities. Ending tribal status. Give states power to enforce state law on reservations.
Occupation of Alcatraz
Indians of All Tribes occupied Alcatraz to protest termination policy. Led to ending of termination from Nixon.
often are empowered because they can find more
jobs and income. However, that goes
against the patriarchal households,
which aim to subjugate women.
Some women are ashamed
recommit to patriarchalism.
refers to autocratic rule by the male head of a family. However, in modern times, it more generally refers to social systems in which power is primarily held by adult men.
A demographic group (based on ethnicity, race, gender) whose members are perceived to achieve a higher degree of socioeconomic success than the population average.
A supposed threat to the United States posed by Japan and China. The phrase arose in the late nineteenth century, at a time when Japanese and Chinese immigration to America was meeting resistance and when Japan was growing as a military power.
People who believe that we should not be separated by color, but should be separated by class and do away with any form of identity.
Idea in which they think that white is superior to other people of color, due to colonialism and idea that is still true to this day, giving them more power over minority.
An American Indian Tribe in Florida. Was very independent but impoverished. Didn't want to accept federal funding. Slated for termination to prevent future dependency on federal funding.
Double bind of sovereignty: you only grant sovereignty when economy is poor. You don't grant group rights when they are rich.
quotas or preferences intended to ensure a certain, predetermined proportion of minority group representation.
When wages declined, pay disparities increased, and many companies lay off huge swaths of workers, AA allows politicians to blame minorities rather than solve problems.
Restrained sexuality. Control women
to assert moral superiority, reinforce
masculinist and patriarchal power.
Individualistic White Women
Lacking in strong family ties and collective identity, less willing to do the work of family and cultural maintenance, and less willing to abide by patriarchal norms". Individualistic, selfish, put parents in nursing homes, throw kids out at 18
A psychological and social byproduct of racism that plagues white people. Often condemned by conservatives as a political ploy to con whites into supporting affirmative action and other liberal policies
White Anti-racism training
modifying behaviors instead of
economic or structural solutions.
Criticize self-indulgent guilt.
Collective process for Whites.
Strict lineage requirement for people of a tribe, because acculturated tribes lose federal benefits.
Regarding to Islam, it uses superficial customs like the veil to justify colonial rule while ignoring things like education and suffrage.
Burqa and Headscarves
Veiling was common among wealthy Arab women, became required of Muhammad's wives, and is a symbol of devotion and modesty, but its role is debatable among Muslims.
A revival and/or promotion of one's culture. People re-discover their ethnic root and culture
often defined as the identity of a group, culture or an individual, influenced by one's belonging to a group or culture.
Blood Quantum Requirements
Tribes that use blood quantum criteria require tribal members be at least one-half to one-sixteenth blood of their tribe.
a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others, especially for reasons of expediency.
People that incorporates ideas, beliefs or people from many different countries and cultural backgrounds.
forms of social capital are lower in diverse areas , diversity produces social isolation, and people in diverse neighborhoods tend to "hunker down"
Social networks and the associated norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness.
Contact hypothesis: Being exposed to other people makes you more familiar and trusting toward them.
Conflict theory: -Being exposed to others makes you fear them and trust people like you, particularly due to scarcity in resources
Sexist Coming of Age Rituals
symbolically enculturation women into subordinate status, presenting women to society, such as Purity Balls or Quinceanera or more extreme measures such as Female Genital Mutilation.
A form of coming of age rituals attended by fathers and their daughters which promotes virginity until marriage for teenage girls, making them "purity of mind, body, and soul."
bridging social capital
Refers to the building of connections between heterogeneous groups; these are likely to be more fragile, but more likely also to foster social inclusion."
Sovereignty and American Indian Economic Bind
________ and _______ relate to one another since it is what causes American Indians to be able to own casinos to increase their wealth. They relate to multiculturalism in that, in order for American Indians to preserve their culture and maintain economic stability/security, they need to be seperate from the dominant culture.
Affirmative Action and Politics of Preemption
______ and ______ relate to multiculturalism since politics of preemption led to affirmative action which is a form of group rights meant to protect non-dominant groups in America.
Women and Multiculturalism/Female Genital Mutilation
_____ and ______ are related to each other since some feminists argue multiculturalism is bad for women and female genital mutilation is definitely bad for women. Both relate to multiculturalism since female genital mutilation is a misogynistic cultural practice that affects women.
Japanese Internment and American Asian Identity
______ and ______ relate to one another since internment of Japanese-Americans resulted in Asian Americans not feeling fully American or Japanese which resulted in the hyphenated identity. Both relate to multiculturalism because Japanese internment is an example of the dominant culture in our society othering people of other ethnicities/races.
American Indian Termination/ Occupation of Alcaltraz
_____ and ______ relate to each other because the threat of termination inspired the occupation of Alcatraz. Relates to multiculturalism because termination would result in forced assimilation to the dominant culture.
Immigrant Women/Patriarchal Household
______ and _____ relate to one another because these women who work are more independent and able to have a greater say in the household's finances which conflicts with the idea of the patriarchal household. This relates to multiculturalism because, men and women's roles in minority cultures vary in expectation.
Model Minority/Yellow Peril
_____ and _____ relate to one another because they are generalized views of east asians created by the dominant group of a multicultural society. It affects multiculturalism through the way in which we identify a specific group, often through predetermined notion.
Race Traitor/White Identity
_____ and _____ relate to one another because there are whites who want to deny their white identity and are therefore known as race traitors. They relate to multiculturalism because white identity was created to establish one identity as superior to the other identities in a multicultural society.
______ and ______ related to each other in a way where economic success is simultaneously necessary for the tribe to maintain its sovereign status and yet is the very condition used to challenge that sovereignty.
Racial Quota and Scapegoating
______ and ______ relate in a way in which blame from politicians comes from making preconceived notion about a group. This is able to have an influence in perceiving identity, making generalizations and blaming a group for a mistake that is much larger, instead of dealing with it head on.
Virtuous Felipina/Individualistic White Women
_____ and _____ relate to each other because both exemplify a viewpoint on women that one group has on another. Relate to multiculturalism because it helps create a narrative that generalizes a group that may not always be true.
White Guilt/ White Anti-Racism Training
_____ and _____ relate to each other in a way where the guilt is able to influence the psychological approach. Related to multiculturalism because both create a different viewpoint and narrative on their power and narrative that is able to jeopardize seeing other perspectives.
Tribal Enrollment/Blood Quantum Requirements
_____ and _____ related to each other because this criteria was used in order for people to join a tribe. Related to multiculturalism because it is a form in which American Indians are able to express a form of identity and preserve their culture.
Colonial Feminism/Burqa and Headscarves
_____ and _____ Related to each other because it is one of the ways in which they are able to justify colonial rule, and is something that is found worn by Arab Women. Relate to multiculturalism because it is used in a way where they are able to ignore/twist a form of identity, as well as focusing on individual rights mixed with their culture.
Cultural Identity/Ethnic Revival
_____ and _____ Related to each other and multiculturalism because they both have to do with a form of identity and how people are able to express it, and how they are able to balance it with their daily life.
_____ and _____ related to each other because Politicians can use this in a way to blame it on these set of people, and give a preconceived notion of a form of identity that may not always be accurate.
Constrict Theory/Social Capital
______ and _____ Related to each other because both deal with groups of people living among each other. Relate to multiculturalism because contact hypothesis and conflict theory affect the way in which we form communities within each other.
Sexist Coming of Age Rituals/Purity Balls
______ and _____ Relate to each other because both are a form in which they put women into a subordinate status that may not be aligned towards feminism. Relate to multiculturalism through the way it views female identity, and how these may influence it in a negative manner.
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