21 terms

Joints

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Diarthrosis
a freely movable joint
Amphiarthrosis
a slightly movable joint
Synarthrosis
a joint capable of little or no movement
Suture
immovable fibrous joints binding the bones of the skull
Gomphosis
type of joint attaching a tooth to its socket
Syndesmosis
joint in which two bones are bound only by ligaments
Synchondrosis
type of joint in which bones are joined by hyaline cartilage. Practically no movement
Symphysis
type of joint in which bones are joined by fibrocartilage
Synovial joint
joint in which two bones are separated by s space filled with lubricant
Synovial fluid
the slippery lubricant filling the space between bones in a synovial joint
Articular cartilage
connective tissue covering adjoining surfaces of bones within a joint
Fibrous capsule
outer layer of joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum
Synovial membrane
inner layer of joint capsule made of areolar tissue which secretes fluid
Tendon
attaches muscle to bone
Ligament
attaches bone to bone
Bursa
fibrous fluid filled sac located where a tendon passes over a bone
Monoaxial
type of joint in which the bone can move in only one plane
Biaxial
type of joint in which the bone can move in two planes
Multiaxial
type of joint in which the bone can move in three or more planes
Ball-and-socket joint
joint in shich one bone with a hemispherical head fits within a cuplike depression on the other
Hinge joint
joint in which one bone with a convex surface fits into a concave depression of the other bone