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18 terms

Unit #4: Drama Terms

STUDY
PLAY
essay
a prose piece that argues, analyzes, or narrates
fiction
imagined story, whether in prose, poetry, or drama FAKE
nonfiction
an essay that does not narrate made-up events, but it is not a work of pure fact; they always include some opinion
narrative essay
an essay where the center of the story is about actual events
descriptive essay
an essay where the writer uses detailed descriptions
analytical essay
an essay where the writer focuses on how and why something works or how and why something is true
argumentative essay
an essay where the writer states a strong thesis about a debatable issue, providing evidence to back up that claim
expository essay
an essay that is informative
thesis
the central idea of a work; in an argumentative essay it is the author's claim that he/she is supporting
tone
the implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work, as, for example, Judy Brady's sarcastic tone in "Why I Want a Wife."
style
the way a author chooses words, arranges them in lines, sentences, paragraphs, or stanzas, and conveys meaning through the use of imagery, rhythm, rhyme, figurative language, irony, and other devices
cause/effect relationships
organizational pattern where the first event not only proceeded the second, but caused it to happen
comparison/contrast relationship
a relationship that shows how things are alike and different
subject by subject structure
a way a writer would compare/contrast by writing about object A in the first half of the essay ad object B in the second half of the essay
point by point structure
a way a writer would compare/ contrast by discussing the first point of comparison/contrast between A and B, then the second point of comparison/contrast, then the third and so on
Modes of organization: chronologically
a work where events unfold in the order in which they occurred
Modes of organization: spatially
a work where the author will look at an object being described and move, for instance, from right to left or top to bottom
Modes of organization: logically
the way a writer organizes a work so that it ill be understood easier. These organizational modes might include cause/effect, or least important to most important.