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an essay that does not narrate made-up events, but it is not a work of pure fact; they always include some opinion
an essay where the writer focuses on how and why something works or how and why something is true
an essay where the writer states a strong thesis about a debatable issue, providing evidence to back up that claim
the central idea of a work; in an argumentative essay it is the author's claim that he/she is supporting
the implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work, as, for example, Judy Brady's sarcastic tone in "Why I Want a Wife."
the way a author chooses words, arranges them in lines, sentences, paragraphs, or stanzas, and conveys meaning through the use of imagery, rhythm, rhyme, figurative language, irony, and other devices
organizational pattern where the first event not only proceeded the second, but caused it to happen
subject by subject structure
a way a writer would compare/contrast by writing about object A in the first half of the essay ad object B in the second half of the essay
point by point structure
a way a writer would compare/ contrast by discussing the first point of comparison/contrast between A and B, then the second point of comparison/contrast, then the third and so on
Modes of organization: chronologically
a work where events unfold in the order in which they occurred
Modes of organization: spatially
a work where the author will look at an object being described and move, for instance, from right to left or top to bottom
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