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a. tectonics

1. Which of the following refers to the deformation of
Earth's crust that results in the formation of
structural features such as mountains?

a. tectonics
b. destruction
c. transformation
d. catastrophics
e. lithification

e. Pangaea

2. One of the major tenets of the continental drift
hypothesis suggested the existence of a supercontinent.
What is the name of this continent?

a. Antaustria
b. Euroam
c. Soafric
d. Paneuro
e. Pangaea

b. paleomagnetism

3. Which one of the following was NOT used to support the
continental drift hypothesis?

a. fossils
b. paleomagnetism
c. paleoclimates
d. fit of continents
e. rock type and structures

c. plates

4. Today we know that Earth's rigid outer shell consists
of about 20 segments called ________.

a. continents
b. basins
c. plates
d. layers
e. crust segments

d. zonal

5. Which of the following is NOT a distinct type of plate

a. transform fault
b. convergent
c. divergent
d. zonal
e. both a. and b.

d. ocean currents

6. The theory of plate tectonics does NOT help to explain
the origin and location of which one of the following?

a. earthquakes
b. mountains
c. volcanoes
d. ocean currents
e. major seafloor features

a. hot

7. Researchers have proposed that the Hawaiian Islands are
forming over a plume of rising mantle material call a _____ spot.

a. hot
b. core
c. mantle
d. convergence
e. island

b. False

8. According to the plate tectonics theory, continents are
moving through the ocean basins.

a. True
b. False

a. True

9. The continental drift hypothesis can be used to explain
the existence of identical fossils on widely separated landmasses.

a. True
b. False

a. True

10. Mountain ranges such as the Himalayas, alps, and
Appalachians formed because of continental-continental

a. True
b. False

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