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AP finals review guide
final exam review AP world history
Terms in this set (64)
years of the Cold War
a very powerful and influential nation
Who was the Cold War mainly between?
the Soviet Union and the United States
It involved everyone because..
they were all allies
a competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare between the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective allies during the Cold War.
competition between the Soviet Union and the United States for dominance in spaceflight capability.
information used to persuade a political point of view
The Soviet Union promoted
The United States promoted
Stalin - collectivization
cause: transforming traditional agriculture, and having less economic power
consequence: peasants had to give up land, and rebellion happened
cause: being completely self-sufficient
consequence: all of Soviet Union and most of Eastern Europe was sealed off
created to block off East Berlin from West Berlin
cause: the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control.
consequence: Berlin Airlift
used to prevent the spread of communism abroad
The Korean War
causes: series of attacks on border between North and South Korea
consequence: "tie" between North and South
The Vietnam War
cause: communist Northern Vietnam wanted to take over the republic of Southern Vietnam
consequence: Northern Vietnam took over and now all of Vietnam is communist
cause: military alliance in Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
consequence: creation of Warsaw Pact
USSR's opposition to NATO
communist leader in China
How well did Great Leap Forward work
not very well, because of the lack of central planning
major change after Great Leap Forward
the government switched to a republic
massacre that happened after pro-democracy protests and the government stormed the square
The Bay of Pigs Invasion
attempt to overthrow Castro by the CIA and President Kennedy
The Cuban Missile Crisis
a confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War, the moment when the two superpowers came close to nuclear conflict.
led to reforms (Perestroika and Glasnost) that led the Soviet Union to fall
Perestroika and Glasnost
means "restructuring", and "openness". Meant to restructure the political and economic systems of the Soviets
Arms' talks between Gorbachev and Reagan
both sides agreed to not start a nuclear war
The fall of the Berlin Wall
happened after gradual end of Cold War
Putin and Government today
mostly socialist and sovereign
originally Arabs who were kicked out by Jews
Creation of Israel
created by Jews near Jerusalem
landlocked territory under Israeli/Palestinian control
a self-governing Palestinian territory near Israel
Free elections in Gaza Strip
Iranian politician who was illegally removed in a CIA coup
US embassy in Tehran (1979)
Iran hostage crisis between US and Iran. Students stormed US embassy and took hostages for over 444 days.
US & Iran today
still in conflict
Iran's Supreme Council
hold the most power
founder of al-Qaeda
a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded by Osama bin Laden
Islamic terrorist group centered in Afghanistan
US armed bin Laden & other Afghans because
they wanted to win a war
WOMD's // Iraq
weapons of mass destruction, Iraq had a lot
Iraq & 9/11 (connection)
yes, Saddam Hussein
Percentage of US oil imported from Middle East
America could alleviate need for oil by...
alternate energy sources
Foreign oil and Presidents since Nixon
US has used more since Nixon
Climate Change causes
Greenhouse gases, land use change, water pollution, and air conditioning and refridgeration
Climate Change consequences
rise in global warming
400 parts per million
exerted from cows causing greenhouse gases causing pollution
some people agree, some people disagree
Oceanic Plastic masses
causing mammals to die from asphyxiation
cause: plant breeding using genetic engineering
consequence: ability to fulfill customers' needs
a substance used to kill pests and weeds
diversity in plants
long term studies
they haven't been around long enough
who has GMO labeling
dangers of pesticides
can harm atmosphere
where do lawn pesticides end up
Name four nations under the iron curtain.
Poland czechoslovakia, east germany, romania
Why did Soviet's create iron curtain?
To spread communism
To buffer zone( ww1&ww2)
The us has 30000 troops in South Korea as a result of...
The korean war
Government takes over farms, halt in food production, starvation.
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