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AP World History - Chapter 12
Terms in this set (19)
Among the Masai, a group of boys united by a common initiation ceremony, who then moved together through the various "age-grades," or ranks, of Masai life.
Name later given to the massive plague pandemic that swept through Eurasia beginning in 1331; it is usually regarded as an outbreak of bubonic plague.
Title meaning "universal ruler" that was given to the Mongol leader Temujin in 1206 after he united the Mongols. (pron. CHENG-iz KAHN)
Common form of tribal bonding in nomadic societies in which allies are designated and treated as blood relatives.
Il-khan (subordinate khan) of Persia who ruled from 1295 to 1304; he is noted for his efforts to repair the Mongol damage to Persia. (pron. HAZ-zan KAHN)
Grandson of Chinggis Khan (ca. 1217-1265) who became the first il-khan (subordinate khan) of Persia. (pron. hoo-LAY-goo KAHN)
Capital of the Mongol Empire. (pron. kah-rah-KOR-um)
Supreme ruler of a Turkic nomadic confederation. (pron. KAH-gahn)
The "city of the khan," founded as a new capital city for the Mongols after their conquest of China; now the
city of Beijing. (pron. kahn-BAL-ik)
Grandson of Chinggis Khan who ruled China from 1271 to 1294. (pron. KOO-bihlie KAHN)
Name given to Russia by the Mongols after they conquered it and incorporated it into the Mongol Empire in the mid-thirteenth century; known to Russians as the "Khanate of the Golden Horde." (pron. KIP-chak KAHN-ate)
Nomadic cattle-keeping people of what is now Kenya and Tanzania. (pron. mah-SIGH)
Great ruler of the Xiongnu Empire (r.210-174B.C.E.) who created a centralized and hierarchical political system.(pron. moe-DOON)
the Mongol world war
Term used to describe half a century of military campaigns, massive killing, and empire building pursued by Chinggis Khan and his successors in Eurasia after 1209.
Way of life in which people depend on the herding of domesticated animals for their food.
Birth name of the Mongol leader better known as Chinggis Khan (1162-1227). (pron. TEM-uh-jin)
Turkic speakers from Central Asia, originally nomads, who spread westward into the Near East and into India; they created a series of nomadic empires between 552 and 965 C.E. but had a more lasting impact on world history when they became dominant in the Islamic heartland and founded a series of states and empires there.
People of the Mongolian steppe lands north of China who formed a large-scale nomadic empire in the third and second centuries B.C.E. (pron. SHE-OONG-noo)
Mongol dynasty that ruled China from 1271 to 1368; its name means "great beginnings." (pron. yu-wen)
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