Conjunctions and Clause Combinations

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3 types of conjunctions
coordinating, subordinating, and adverbial conjunctions (or conjunctive adverbs)
The word to remember subordinating conjunctions
AAWWUUBBISTA
Subordinating Conjunctions
After As When/whenever while until unless before because if since though although
Use the word "that" as a subordinating conjunction
I know "that" Tom is the strongest.
Word to remember conjunctive adverbs
THIN
Conjunctive Adverbs
Therefore
However
Indeed
Nevertheless
Moreover
Furthermore
Independent Clause
Needs a VERB, a SUBJECT, and could be a sentence if it were alone.
Dependent Clause
Needs a VERB, SUBJECT, a SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION at beginning, and would be an IC if it didn't have an SC. *It is NOT a sentence by itself
Clause Combinations
Icdc. -or- Icpp.
Dc,ic. -or- Pp,ic.
Ic,cc ic.
Ic;ic.
Ic:introduced information.
Ic--parenthetical information.
Sentence Fragment
A group of words pretending to be a sentence but missing an independent subject or verb or both
Sentence run-on (bad)
Ic, ic. (comma splice) -or-
Icic.
Prepositional Phrase (PP)
A preposition with a noun attached to it: "over the moon"
Example of a prepositional phrase (PP)
In the box
On the desk
By the river
Example of an independent clause (IC)
The sky is blue.
Example of a dependent clause (DC)
When it rains . . .
Example of a sentence run-on
It is raining, the sky is gray.
Example of a fragment
Purdue offers many majors in engineering. Such as electrical and industrial engineering. (The second sentence here is a fragment)
Example of an Icdc.
I sing when the music plays.
Example of a Dc, ic.
When it rains, it pours.
Example of an Ic, cc ic.
The sky is blue, and it's beautiful.
Example of an Ic; ic.
This is great; I love it.
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