Efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate the demands caused by stress in one's life are collectively known as
Individual's coping strengths
The adaptive value of coping technique depends on the
aversive events that are unavoidable
Learned helplessness results when humans are subjected to
developed the learned helplessness model.
exhibit a pessimistic explanatory style
The belief that events are beyond one's control is particularly likely to emerge in people who
Diversion of anger toward a substitute target was noted by Sigmund Freud;
If you yell at your little sister/ after a fight with your girlfriend, would be diverting your anger through the use of
developing alternative rewards
When things are going poorly in one area of life, one may compensate by pursuing substitute forms of satisfaction. This coping strategy is referred to as
Albert Ellis believes that problematic emotional reactions to stress are caused by
compared to depressed people "normal" people tend to " " the degree of which they are in control of chance events.
realistically appraising stress
Constructive coping involves
appraisal focused constructive coping
aimed at changing one's interpretation of stressful events.
emotion-focused constructive coping
aimed at managing potential emotional distress
problem-focused constructive coping
aimed at altering the stressful situation itself.
our activation level at the time.
Albert Ellis, emotional reactions to life events result mainly from
clearly identified problem
gather baseline data
The first step in a self-modification program