root words

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mening(o), (i)
Meninges:

The three membranes enveloping the spinal cord and brain, namely : the pia mater, the dura mater, and the arachnoid.

AKA DAP
gli(o)
Neuroglia:

Supporting or connective tissue cells of the central nervous system.

support and protect neurons, capable of division
arthr/o, articul/o
referring to joint(s)
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-tomy
process of cutting; cutting into the body
crani(o)
cranial bones, facial bones, and auditory ossicles
thorac(o)
sternum, ribs, and thoracic vertebrae
rach(i), spin(o)
spinal column/vertebrae

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
burs/o
bursa

fluid-filled sacs that help reduce friction. located between tendons, muscles, or skin which result in friction or stress.
synov(o), synovi(o)
refers to synovial joints that are freely movable
ten(o), tendin(o), tend(o)
ten(o), tendin(o), tend(o)

connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone which enables movement.
chondr(o)
cartilage
calci/o
calcium
-uria
relating to urine
hyper
more
-dynia, -algia
pain
-itis
inflammation
myel/o
spinal cord/bone marro
-ptosis
drooping, sagging, prolapse of an organ
prolapse
1. The sinking, or falling down, of a part or organ from its normal position in the body.
2. To undergo such displacement.
sarcoma
An often malignant neoplasm of the soft tissues arising in fatty, fibrous, vascular, synovial, or neural tissue.
neoplasm
The abnormal growth of new tissue, malignant or benign.
-osis
condition
lord/o
curve
dendr(o)
tree
nerv(o), neur(o)
nerve
cerebr/o
brain
blephar/o
relating to eyelid
-opia
relationship to vision
-pathy
disease or a feeling or a regimen of treatment for a disease.
-cele
hernia

a condition in which part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through the wall of the cavity containing it (often involving the intestine at a weak point in the abdominal wall).
-tripsy
a surgical procedure in which a structure is purposely crushed.
inter
between
intra
within
oste/o
bone
-ectomy
surgical removal
-asthenia
lack of strenth
-tome
instrument to cut
-genic
produced by, or in
pyr/o
fire
-pyrexia
fever
-gen
producing, forming
ventr(o)
belly side
dors(o)
backside
medi(o)
middle or nearer the middle
later(o)
farther from the midline of the body or from a structure
super(o)
uppermost or above
infer(o)
lowermost or below
proxim(o)
nearer the origin, or point of attachment
dist(o)
far or distant from the origin or point of attachment
caud(o)
in an inferior position
cephal(o)
head
prone and supine
downward vs. upward
acr(o)
extremities (arms and legs)
axill(o)
armpit
crani/o
skull
dactyl(o)
finger(digit) or toe
encephal/o
brain
omphal(o), umbilic(o)
umbilicus
peritone(o)
peritoneum

the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs.
pod/o
foot
spin/o
spine
thorac/o
thorax (chest)
viscer/o
viscera
-plasia
growth, development, formation
-megaly
enlargement
chir/o
hands
angi(o), vascul(o)
vessel
ex: blood vessel
cellul(o)
little cell or compartment
home(o)
sameness; constant
hydr/o
water
kal/i
potassium
natr/o
sodium
hemat(o), hem(a), hem(o)
pertaining to blood
-poiesis
production
hidr/o
sweat
py/o
pus
muc/o
mucus
sial/o
saliva
ur/o
urine
chrom/o
colo
cyt(o), -cyte
cell
kary(o), nucle(o)
nucleus
morph(o)
shape;form
hemoglobin/o
hemoglobin

red iron-containing pigment protein in erythrocytes that carries oxygen from the lungs to tissue throughout the body
phil/o
attraction
poikil/o
irregular
spher/o
round
coagul/o
coagulation via coagulant

cause to clot or become clotted
fibrin/o
fibrin

insoluble protein formed by fibrinogen during the clotting of blood.
thromb/o
thrombus, clot
-penia
deficiency
iso
equal
aniso
not equal
aut/o
self
-phylaxis
protection
ana-
upward, excessive, or again
CHF
congestive heart failure
athero-
soft, plaque like materal
-sclerosis
hardening of body tissue
-oma
tumor or cancer
-plasty
a surgical procedure for the repair, restoration, or replacement (as by a prosthesis) of a part of the body.
-pnea
breathing
dys
difficult, bad
nas/o
nose
or/o, somat/o
mouth
laryn/o
larynx
phren/o
diaphragm or mind
-meter
instrument used to measure
-metry
process of measuring
spir/o
breath
rhin-
nose
-orrhea
flow or discharge
-orrhagia
excessive flow
-lithiasis
A calculus (plural calculi), often called a stone, is a concretion of material, usually mineral salts, that forms in an organ or duct of the body. Formation of calculi
-plegia
paralysis or stroke
-mycosis
infection with or disease caused by fungus
-phonia
sound
-phagia
eating of a specified substance or eating in a certain manner aka swallowing
-phasia
speech
-pneu
lungs
-ptysis
spitting
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
-stalsis
contraction
glyc/o
glucose
lact/o
milk
amyl/o
starch
sialaden/o
saliva glands
cheil/o
lip
gingiv/o
gums
gloss/o, lingu/o
tongue
dent/o, odont/o
teeth
gastr/o
stomach
col/o
colon
cec/o
ileum
protc/o
anus, rectum
hepat/o
liver
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
pancreat/o
pancreas
-ase
enzyem
-emesis
vomiting
fung(i), myc(o)
fungus
vir/o, virus/o
virus
-ar, -al, -tic
pertaining to
lysis-
destruction
-stomy
artificial opening
-phagia
eating
-dipsia
thirst
GERDO
gastroesphoageal reflux disease
onych/o, ungul/o
nail
pil/o, trich/o
hair
seb/o
sebum
cry/o
cold
erythemat/o
erythema or redness
heli/o
sun
ichthy/o
fish
necr/o
dead
rhytid/o
wrinkle
seps/o, sept/o
infection
xer/o
dry
-phoresis
transmission
-supra
above
ACTH
adinocorticotropin
TSH
thryroid stimulating hormone
LTH
lactogenic hormone
RAIU
Radioactive iodine uptake tests
-ism
1) A medical condition or a disease resulting from or involving some specified thing
(2) A practice, doctrine.
myx-
mucus, slime