Crocker biosphere ( sustainable development for tropical rain forest)
Terms in this set (12)
Crocker biosphere reserve is in Sabah on the island of Borneo in Malaysia. Designed in 2014 by the UNESCO.
It stretches 120 km North and South and 40 km east and west. Covers an area of 350585 hectares
What does it has
Has variety of tropical rainforest plants ranging from lowland forest below 300 metres to cloud forest higher than 1500 metres.
Temperature and climate
The highest temperature is 32 degrees Celsius and lowest is 20 degrees Celsius. Annual rainfall of 3000mm.
What does it serve as
Home for endangered species such as orangutan and clouded leopards.
What is it made up of
In Crocker rainforest a core, buffer and transition area.
Core area 1
The core area has three legally protected forest reserves covered by natural vegetation.
Core area 2
Has only 200 people who may be engaged in a small scale agriculture like farming coconuts and fruits.
Core area 3
Also six permanent plots measuring 50 miles by 10 miles for ecological monitoring.
Core area 4
Plots contain more than 300 plant species example Rafflesia pricei,101 mammals, 259 Bird species and 47 reptiles.
In the buffer and transition zone, approximately 400 communities, together with palm oil and rubber plantations observed carefully.
Buffer zone 2
The buffer zone contains 52 villages and some people hunt wild pigs, squirrels and birds.