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Chapter 2 vocab

Transnational Organization

an organization in which the global viewpoint supersedes national issues


the chinese practice of building networks for social exchange

expatriate manager

a manager who works in a country other than his or her home country


A cultural orientation in which people belong to loose social frameworks, and their primary concern is for themselves and their familes.


A cultural orientation in which individuals belong to tightly knit social frameworks and depend strongly on extended families or clans.

Power distance

degree to which a culture accepts unequal distribution of power

Uncertainty avoidance

The degree to which a culture tolerates ambiguity and uncertainty.


A cultural orientation in which assertivness and materialism are valued.


cultural orientation in which relationships and concern for others are valued

time orientation

whehter a cultures values are oriented towards the future or towards the past and present (long-term and short-term orientation)


All forms of difference among individuals, including culture, gender, age, ability, religion, personality, social status, and sexual orientation.

Glass ceiling

The invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the highest levels at the workplace.

Consequential theory

an ethical theory that emphasizes the consequences or results of behavior

rule-based theory

An ethical theory that emphasizes the character of the act itself rather than its effects.

Character Theory

ethical theory that emphasizes the character, personal virtues, and integrity of the individual

distributive justice

The fairmness of outcomes that individuals receive in an organization.

procedural Justice

the fairness of the process by which outcomes are allocated in an organization


An employee who informs authorities of the wrongdoings of his or her company or coworkers.

Social Responsibilitiy

The obligation of an organization to behave ethically in its social environment.


The intellectual and mechanical processes used by an organization to transfer inputs into products or services that meet its goals.

Expert system

A computer-based application that uses a representation of human expertise in a specialized field of knowledge to solve problems.


The use of robotics in organizations.


Electronically transmitting work from a home computer to the office.


The creative application of new technology.

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