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24 terms

Organizational behavior Chapter 2

Chapter 2 vocab
STUDY
PLAY
Transnational Organization
an organization in which the global viewpoint supersedes national issues
Guanxi
the chinese practice of building networks for social exchange
expatriate manager
a manager who works in a country other than his or her home country
Individualism
A cultural orientation in which people belong to loose social frameworks, and their primary concern is for themselves and their familes.
collectivisim
A cultural orientation in which individuals belong to tightly knit social frameworks and depend strongly on extended families or clans.
Power distance
degree to which a culture accepts unequal distribution of power
Uncertainty avoidance
The degree to which a culture tolerates ambiguity and uncertainty.
Masculinity
A cultural orientation in which assertivness and materialism are valued.
femininity
cultural orientation in which relationships and concern for others are valued
time orientation
whehter a cultures values are oriented towards the future or towards the past and present (long-term and short-term orientation)
diversity
All forms of difference among individuals, including culture, gender, age, ability, religion, personality, social status, and sexual orientation.
Glass ceiling
The invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the highest levels at the workplace.
Consequential theory
an ethical theory that emphasizes the consequences or results of behavior
rule-based theory
An ethical theory that emphasizes the character of the act itself rather than its effects.
Character Theory
ethical theory that emphasizes the character, personal virtues, and integrity of the individual
distributive justice
The fairmness of outcomes that individuals receive in an organization.
procedural Justice
the fairness of the process by which outcomes are allocated in an organization
Whistle-blower
An employee who informs authorities of the wrongdoings of his or her company or coworkers.
Social Responsibilitiy
The obligation of an organization to behave ethically in its social environment.
Technology
The intellectual and mechanical processes used by an organization to transfer inputs into products or services that meet its goals.
Expert system
A computer-based application that uses a representation of human expertise in a specialized field of knowledge to solve problems.
Robotics
The use of robotics in organizations.
Telecommuting
Electronically transmitting work from a home computer to the office.
Reinvention
The creative application of new technology.