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a poem written about or for a specific occasion, public or private

occasional poem

a lyric poem that is somewhat serious in subject and treatment, elevated in style and sometimes uses elaborates stanza structure, which is often patterned in sets of three


also called unlimited focus; a perspective that can be seen from one character's view, then another's, then another's, or can be moved in or out of the mind of any character at any time

omniscient point of view

a word capturing or approximating the sound of what it describes


exaggerated language; also called hyperbole


a figure of speech that combines two apparently contradictory elements


a short fiction that illustrates an explicit moral lesson through the use of analogy


a statement that seems contradictory, but may actually be true


a work that imitates another work for comic effect by exaggerating the style and changing the content of the original


the use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts

parallel structure

a poem that describes the simple life of country folk, usually shepherds who live in a timeless, painless life in a world of beauty, music, and love


a sentence which is not grammatically complete until the end

periodic sequence

the voice or figure of the author who tells and structures the story and who may or may not share the values of the actual author


treating an abstraction or nonhuman object as if it were a person by endowing it with human qualities


also called an Italian sonnet: a sonnet from that divides the poem into one section of eight lines usually following the abba abba cde rhyme scheme through the sestet's rhyme varies

petrarchan sonnet

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