Unit 2: CL 2 Intro to healthcare and residents rights
Terms in this set (60)
The American Nurse's Association's definition of patient abandonment is "a unilateral severance of the established nurse-patient relationship without giving reasonable notice to the appropriate person so that arrangements can be made for continuation of nursing care by others
Patient abuse or neglect is any action or failure to act which causes unreasonable suffering, misery or harm to the patient. Abuse includes physically striking or sexually assaulting a patient. It also includes the intentional withholding of necessary food, physical care, and medical attention.
Acute care is a branch of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of illness, an urgent medical condition, or during recovery from surgery.
Adult Protective Services
In the United States, Adult Protective Services (APS) are social services provided to abused, neglected, or exploited older adults and adults with significant disabilities. APS is typically administered by local or state health, aging, or regulatory departments and includes a multidisciplinary approach to helping older adults, and younger adults with disabilities, who are victims. Services range from the initial investigation of mistreatment, to health and supportive services and legal interventions, up to and including the appointment of surrogate decision-makers such as legal guardians.
a violent physical or verbal attack. The main difference between a battery charge and an assault charge is the actual presence of harm and the threat of harm. Someone can only be charged with battery if they have caused real physical harm to someone, while a person can be charged with assault if the mere threat of harm is present.
housing for elderly or disabled people that provides nursing care, housekeeping, and prepared meals as needed.
The main difference between a battery charge and an assault charge is the actual presence of harm and the threat of harm. Someone can only be charged with battery if they have caused real physical harm to someone, while a person can be charged with assault if the mere threat of harm is present.
Certified Nursing Assistant
A nursing assistant is a person who assists licensed nursing personnel in the provision of nursing care. They primarily assist with activities of daily living such as; bathing, dressing, ambulating, transferring, positioning, feeding, and toileting. They also measure vital signs and may assist with other nursing tasks if appropriately delegated by a licensed nurse
Home health care is a wide range of health care services that can be given in your home for an illness or injury. Home health care is usually less expensive, more convenient, and just as effective as care you get in a hospital or skilled nursing facility (SNF).
A program or facility that provides palliative care and attends to the emotional, spiritual, social, and financial needs of terminally ill patients at a facility or at a patient's home.
an institution providing medical and surgical treatment and nursing care for sick or injured people.
Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity.
formal account of an employee's responsibilities.
the state of being responsible for something, especially by law.
Licensed Practical Nurse
A licensed practical nurse, in much of the United States and Canada, is a nurse who cares for people who are sick, injured, convalescent, or disabled. LPNs work under the direction of physicians
Long Term Care
Long term care refers to a continuum of medical and social services de- signed to support the needs of people living with chronic health problems that affect their ability to perform everyday activities. Long term care services include traditional medical services, social services, and housing.
a person receiving or registered to receive medical treatment.
Patient rights are those basic rule of conduct between patients and medical caregivers as well as the institutions and people that support them. A patient is anyone who has requested to be evaluated by or who is being evaluated by any healthcare professional
is a philosophy that encourages both older adults and their caregivers to express choice and practice self-determination in meaningful ways at every level of daily life. Values that are essential to this philosophy include choice, dignity, respect, self-determination and purposeful living
the competence or skill expected of a professional.
"the key to quality and efficiency is professionalism"
the treatment of disease, injury, or deformity by physical methods such as massage, heat treatment, and exercise rather than by drugs or surgery.
a nurse who has graduated from a college's nursing program or from a school of nursing and has passed a national licensing exam.
the action of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness.
"she underwent rehabilitation and was walking within three weeks"
(of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
a person or organization using the services of a professional person or company.
the state of keeping or being kept secret or private.
the action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel.
"she sued him for defamation"
the act of giving someone authority or responsibility
Do not resuscitate (DNR), also known as no code or allow natural death, is a legal order written either in the hospital or on a legal form to withhold cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), in respect of the wishes of a patient in case their heart were to stop or they were to stop
moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity.
"medical ethics also enter into the question"
False imprisonment occurs when a person is restricted in their personal movement within any area without justification or consent. Actual physical restraint is not necessary for false imprisonment to occur.
wrongful or criminal deception intended to result in financial or personal gain.
"he was convicted of fraud"
the branch of medicine or social science dealing with the health and care of old people.
Health Care Team
Healthcare is a team effort. Each healthcare provider is like a member of the team with a special role. Some team members are doctors or technicians who help diagnose disease. Others are experts who treat disease or care for patients' physical and emotional needs.
HIPAA: Acronym that stands for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, a US law designed to provide privacy standards to protect patients' medical records and other health information provided to health plans, doctors, hospitals and other health care providers.
improper, illegal, or negligent professional activity or treatment, especially by a medical practitioner, lawyer, or public official.
In many parts of the western world, mandated reporters are people who have regular contact with vulnerable people and are therefore legally required to ensure a report is made when abuse is observed or suspected.
Medicaid is a health care program that assists low-income families or individuals in paying for doctor visits, hospital stays, long-term medical, custodial care costs and more. Medicaid is a joint program, funded primarily by the federal government and run at the state level, where coverage may vary.
A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions. In some countries, the MD denotes a first professional graduate degree awarded upon initial graduation from medical school.
is the federal health insurance program for: People who are 65 or older. Certain younger people with disabilities. People with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant, sometimes called ESRD)
Misappropriation of property
of resident property is defined as the deliberate misplacement, exploitation, or wrongful, temporary or permanent use of a resident's belongings or money without the resident's consent.
fail to care for properly.
group of healthcare professionals, including nurses, care for a group of patients in the acute care or inpatient setting. ... The team usually consists of a charge nurse or team leader (also a nurse), more nurses, and patient care technicians or nurse's aides.
The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 is a federal law established to improve the quality of care given in long term care facilities. Each state is responsible for following the terms of this federal law.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, an agency of the US government under the Department of Labor with the responsibility of ensuring safety at work and a healthful work environment. OSHA's mission is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses and deaths.
OT Occupational Therapist
Occupational therapy is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or communities.
listens to and addresses the concerns of nursing home and assisted living facility residents. Issues can range from the food service to problems with therapy.
f medical procedures, tests, and services that can be provided to the patient in a setting that doesn't involve an overnight hospital stay. These services include:
Wellness and prevention services such as
a person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis
rights are the legal and moral rights of the residents of a nursing home. Legislation exists in various jurisdictions to protect such rights.
Respiratory Therapist (RT)
a specialized healthcare practitioner trained in pulmonary medicine in order to work therapeutically with people suffering from pulmonary disease.
Scope of Practice
describes the procedures, actions, and processes that a healthcare practitioner is permitted to undertake in keeping with the terms of their professional license.
Scope of Responsibility
Range of activities, duties, or responsibilities, that an employee is reasonably expected to carry out or fulfill within the ambit of his or her job or position.
professional or social situation, involving the making of unwanted sexual advances or obscene remarks.
Skilled Nursing Facility
a health-care institution that meets federal criteria for Medicaid and Medicare reimbursement for nursing care
Social Worker (SW)
work carried out by trained personnel with the aim of alleviating the conditions of those in need of help or welfare.
training to help people with speech and language problems to speak more clearly.
an incurable disease that cannot be adequately treated and is reasonably expected to result in the death of the patient within a short period of time. This term is more commonly used for progressive diseases such as cancer or advanced heart disease than for trauma.
Willful Infliction of Harm
the individual must have acted deliberately, not that the individual must have intended to inflict injury or harm.
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