Terms in this set (93)
A state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutional
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Supreme Court ruling that defended federal power by denying a state the right to tax a federal bank
Gibbons vs. Ogden
Supreme Court case that allowed fed gov to regular interstate commerce
Era of Good Feeling
James Monroe's Presidency; period of national pride after War of 1812; only one political party
Change in technology, brought about by improvements in machinery and by use of steam power
1820; Laws enacted in 1820 to maintain balance of power between slave and free states. settled the conflict that had arisen from Missouri's application for statehood
April 12th, 1861- Confederate soldiers firing on this fort initiated the Civil War
Compromise of 1850
Agreement designed to ease tensions caused by the expansion of slavery into western territories
"March to the Sea"
Sherman's march to Savannah which cut off confederate supplies received by the sea
it required 50% of the states' voters to take an oath of allegiance for reinstatement into the Union
Proclamation issued by Lincoln, freeing all slaves in areas still at war with the Union.
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1st-3rd (1863) Union leaders defeated General Lee. A turning point battle during the Civil War
in April 1865, the end of the Civil War came suddenly when Northern troops cornered Lee here
Anti-Jackson political party that generally stood for national community and an activist government
the American Party; anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic
Free Soil Party
A political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery
"fifty four forty or fight"
slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for us annexation of the oregon territory
people hold the final authority in all matters of government (slavery)
States cannot deny any person the right to vote because of race.
1846 proposal that outlawed slavery in any territory gained from the War with Mexico
body authorized by law to act as a single person and to have rights and duties
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War
southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction
Southern euphamism for slavery
gives U.S. citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in America
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Tenure of Office Act
1867, Required the president to seek approval from the Senate before removing appointees
Plan made by Winsfield Scott in which divided the confederacy by taking over rivers.
1854, a law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery
Fugitive Slave Act
Law that provided for harsh treatment for escaped slaves and for those who helped them
Areas in the south where cotton farming developed because of the high demand for cotton
an abandoned mission near San Antonio that became an important battle site in the Texas Revolution
American who settled in Texas, one of the leaders for Texan independence from Mexico
Battle at San Jacinto River
Led by General Sam Houston, the Texian Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes
policies devised by Henry Clay to stimulate the growth of industry
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
occurred between 2 people, 7 times in 1858 about the issue of slavery
Ten Per Cent Plan
The plan to restore the south in 1863; 10% of citizens took an oath of allegiance to the Union
1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners
5th President of the United States
7th president of the US
John Quincy Adams
6th President of the United States
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states
Leading Radical Republican senator throughout the Civil War and Reconstruction periods
16th President of the United States
Rights activist on behalf of mentally ill patients - created first wave of US mental asylums
First president of the Republic of Texas
William Lloyd Garrison
United States abolitionist who published an anti-slavery journal (1805-1879)
Abolitionist and feminist who spoke against slavery and for the rights of women
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia
William "Tecumseh" Sherman
Lead the March to the Sea
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist; civil disobedience; gov. that violates individual morality has no legit authority
Invented the cotton gin
an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Former slave who helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad
General in the Confederate army, led Confederate army in the 1st Battle of Bull Run
President of the Confederate States of America
Roger B. Taney
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court when Dred Scott decision was made
William Henry Harrison
17th President of the United States
Military hero of the Mexican War who became the Whigs' last presidential candidate in 1852
union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln
Martin Van Buren
United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state
Who was the author of the abolitionist newspaper called the Liberator?
William Lloyd Garrison
Henry Clay's economic plan was called the...?
What Congressional bill did Lincoln veto before his assassination?
A declaration by a state that an act of congress is invalid within its borders is called...?
What Supreme Court decision affirmed the Congressional power of regulating interstate commerce?
Gibbons vs. Ogden
The slogan "54-40 or fight" was associated with what territory?
All of the following were associated with the corrupt bargain.-Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams
In 1840, the Whig part nominated William Henry Harrison for president because...?
He was a popular war hero
Who was the president of the Confederate States of America?
Which of the following contributed LEAST to the cause of the Civil War?
Increased immigration into the United States
Another name for Lincoln's reconstruction plan was...?
Ten Percent Plan
Why was Martin Van Buren an unpopular president?
He was blamed for the Panic of 1837 (a financial panic)
The Alamo, Sam Huston, and San Jacinto are all associated with...?
The Independence of Texas
Which was a reaction to John Brown's raid?
Southern fear of a slave revolution
The purpose of the underground railroad was to...?
Help slaves escape to the north or Canada
Who supported an unsuccessful attempt to purchase Cuba for the U.S.?
Why did John Brown raid Harper's Ferry?
Slaves would rise in revolt
The republican party was committed to...?
A ban on the extension of slavery into the territories
The Era of Good Feeling referred to the period...?
Of cooperation among political parties
"peculiar institution" refers to...?
Who was known as the great compromiser?
The main purpose of Sherman's "march to the sea" was to...?
Destroy the South's ability to keep fighting
The Missouri compromise was an attempt by the Congress to...?
Maintain the balance between slave and free states
What was the purpose of the Dawes Act?
Americanize the Natives (break up the tribes and turn the natives into American's)
The immediate cause of the 7 southern states seceding from the Union was?
Election of Lincoln