100 terms

Humanities

STUDY
PLAY
color expresses emotion
Picasso, the old guitarist
unrealistic, primitive artist(no training)
Rousseau, The Sleeping Gypsy
a design style that relies on vegetal & floral patterns, complex designs
Art Nouveau
...
Rousseau, The Dream
very yellow, woman circles, man rectangle
Klimt, The Kiss
curvy walls
Gaudi, Casa Mila
...
Gustave, Eiffel The Eiffel Tower
france, les Fauves (wild beasts), Matisse, large areas of strong simplified colors, slashing brush strokes, rich surface textures, color juxtaposition
Fauvism
no difference in table and wall
Henry Matisse, The Red Room
...
Henry Matisse, The Gold Fish
form more impt than subject, familiar objects, objects broken into various shapes, abandoned perspective, influenced by african art, no more story telling, distortios
Cubism
abstract; overlapping planes and facets, monochromatic; brown grey and black, attempt to break apart/analyze the subject, attempt to view subject from multiple perspectives at the same time
Analytic Cubism
left to right, yellow and blue
Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avigon
cubes
Picasso, Portrait of Kahnweiler
inspires futurism,cubism, bombing in Barcelona, monochromatic, multiple perspectives
Picasso, Guernica
transparent
Braque, The Portuguese
...
Braque, Violin and Palette
collage, putting together, textures and materials, pushing objects together
Synthetic Cubism
paint
Picasso, Three Musicians
...
Picasso, Still Life With Chair Caning
Italian, celebrates machines, captures figures in motion, art of cinematography overtakes
Futurism
propaganda art, machinery
Severini, Armored Train in Action
movement, 3D on 2D
Balla, Girl Running on the Balcony
making figures move on canvas, cubism
Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase No.2
cubist at beginning, dutch, line snd square highlights of color, soft colors & lines, shapes
Mondrian
common design in fashion
Mondrian, composition in Red< Blue, and Yellow
Jewish, Russian, French, all mediums, bright colors/light, dreams of humanity- inclusion, floating people, blue, symbols
Chagall
religious, Jewish, fiddler on the roof, inclusion of all religions
Chagall, Green Violinist
Swish, expressive use of color collective unconscious, all connected, archetyprs in sgapes and symbols
Klee
light, symbols, happy, pyramids &triangle = magic
Klee, Fish Magic
reaction to WWI, question art, interest in ideas,used everyday objects
Dada
upside down urinal signed R.Mutt
Duchamp, Fountain
mona lisa with a mustache
Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q.
interpretation of dreams, used dreams to enter unconsciousness, freuds theories as as basis for new aesthetics
Surrealism- Freud Influences
outside of world, brain
Chirico, Metaphysical Painting Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
Catalan, hallucinations, automatism (biomorphic surrealism)
Miro
oil on canvas, primary colors
Miro, Harlequin's Carnival and Various Works
oil on canvas
Magritte, Man With Newspaper
what is behind the apple
Magritte, Son of Man
German, automatism, oil on wood, 3D
Ernst, Two Children are Threatened by a Nightingale
demons, oil on canvas
Ernst, The Horde
fortage, snot colored green
Ernst, Eye of silence
contrast of hard and soft, incorporated Einsteins theories, how do we perceive time?
Dali, the Persistence of Memory
represents various temptations
Dali, The Temptation of St. Anthony
oil on canvas
Dali, The Metamorphosis or Narcissus
tragicomedy (think Shakespeare), comedy (cliches, word play) horrific/tragic images, hopeless situations, parody of "well made plays"
playwrights: Fernando Arrabal, Eugene Ionesco, Samuel Becket, Jean Genet, Tom Stoppard
Theater of the Absurd Picnic on the Battlefield by Arrabal
Austrian
asked "what is the meaning of life"
Schopenhauer
Norwegian
"leap of faith" everything is cause & effect
Kierkegaard
"god is dead" has influence over the Nazi's
Nietzsche
free will, freedom to make choices comes with responsibility, responsibility creates anxiety and stress, few decisions are w/out any negative consequences, choices define who you are so you must follow through
Existentialism
Declares formula "i think therefore i am", war involvement (soldier, prisoner of war in Germany, active in French resistance)
works- existentialism, human emotions, being and nothingness, no exit
Sartre
worked with Sartre but felt he was not existentialist, absurdism- searching for meaning in a world that is meaningless
works- The Myth of Sisyphus, The Stranger, The Plague, The Fail
Camus
1950's vulgarized style of existentialism filtered thru the mesh of jazz and black and experience, themes of alienation and heightened experience
American writers- Jack Kerouac, Gregory Corso, William S. Burroughs, Allan Ginsberg
The Beat Poets
can see the figure screaming, nothing else like it, influenced by gaugain
Munch, The Scream
Dresden- city bombed in Germany, most influenced by Fauvism, harsh colors, aggressive brush strokes, distorted forms, ragged outlines
Die Brucke The Bridge
leader of movement, influenced by munch, focused on detrimental effects of industrialization
color
Kirchner, Street: Dresden
religious imagery, not quiet and restrained, rigorous brush work, yellow
Nolde, Saint Mary of Egypt
yellow
Nolde, Pentecost
Munich, Wassily Kandinsky-Founder, expression of spiritual truths, symbolic colors, non figurative- abstract, capture their feelings and illicit an emotional rresponse
Der Blaue Reiter (the blue rider)
blue=spirituality, darker the blue the more connected to the eternal
Kandinsky, The Blue Rider
no clue as to what he is thinking as he paints these
Kandinsky, Improvisation 28
died in the war, pessimistic about humanity, blue=male and spiritual, yellow= female and happy and sentual, red= matter and brutal and heavy, colors are for emotions and perceptions
Marc, Blue Horse
lighter brighter colors absent, represents culmination of color exploration when tensions of WWI invaded
Marc, The Fate of the Animals
writers are trying to do what artists do but with words.
public doesn't understand, artist feels sense of exile, allows for subjectivity, gives writer freedom, are is salvation for writer
modernist lit
the dude woke up as a cockroach and just accepted it.
Kafka- triple exile (left Prague, Jewish German, weird writing), esoteric- hard to understand, Kafkaesque
Kafka The Metamorphisis
surrealist, interior monologue/ steam of consciousness, epiphany- realization

wrote: Ulysses and Finnegan's wake
Joyce
american jew who moved from NY to Paris, cubist, "lost generation", salon (people always coming to her house), center of movement

wrote: picasso
saying: "Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose"
Gertrude Stein
impressionistic, shape, avoided capital letters, p.u.n.c.u.a.t.i.o.n
e.e. cummings
feminist, women have right to have place to work, equal opportunity, economic independence, room of her own
Virginia Woolf
realistic narratives and elements of local folklore and myth, surrealism= dream/fantasy and social/political, exaggeration and extortion, reader needs to be flexible

*incorporates both realism and fantasy*
magical realism
1929-present, Colombia, Macondo- fictional version of his hometown on Colombian Caribbean coast, noble prize 1982
Marquez
1899-1986, Argentina, surrealism and symbolism, short stories
Borges
!942-present, Chile/Venezuela, cousin was Chilean president who was assassinated, experiences of women, lives in California
Isabelle Allende
explore landscape between physical landscape and cultural identity, nature as metaphor, "Vanguardia" = avant garde
nature and imagination
1904-1973, Chile, diplomat, communist senator, noble prize 1971
Neruda
Mexico, 1914-1998, no fascism, Diplomat, concerned with indigenous peoples and Spanish conquest
Paz
writer and poet who helped shape american lit and politics

wrote: the negro speaks of river, mother to son, dreams
Hughes
Jamaican writer and poet, literary poet for social justice,

wrote: the tropics in new york, if we must die, baptism, america
Mckay
flat, anti-slavery john brown

characteristics: huge lips, distorted, center of all
Pippin, John Brown Going to His Hanging
1930 oil painting, pippin fought in war, 2D and dark
Pippin, The End of the War: Starting Home
Egyptian, shape repetition, hard edges, representing home culture

characteristics: semi-abstract, hard edges, mixed with other art styles
Douglas, Aspects of Negro Life
people in chains
Douglas, Into Bondage
inspiration/example for Bauhaus, square and open inside, linear with clean lines, open floor plan where everything can be rearranged
Schroder House
founded Bauhaus, architect, FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION

strong basic design, unity of art, architecture, and design, emphasize knowledge of machine based tech, blurred inside vs outside lines
Gropius
simple shapes, glass
Bauhaus Dessau
flat roof, corners have no support
Fagus Factory
many of the squares put together in one painting, mathematically done, all shapes same sizes butt used color to make them look different
Albers, Homage to Square
completely open, steel reinforced concrete beams
Miles van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavillion
emphasize volume over mass, rejection of color and decorations, repetitive modular forms, use of flat surfaces alternating with glass

pilotis - pillars of reinforced concrete in a grid, absence of supporting walls - unrestrained internal use - design it how you want free design of facade, horizontal window - cuts facade for entire length, roof gardens, flat roof, domestic usefulness
international design
reinforced concrete, designed to include the car and ts purpose
Le Corbusier, Villa savoye
steel, plate glass and reinforced concrete, stories hanging off of other stories, uneven levels
Le Corbusier, The Radiant City
building materials are from the site, studied and loved nature
Wright, Robie House
...
Wright, Falling Waters
Origins:
African-American songs and dances
Slavery
Combination of European songs (like French quadrilles and polka) and African melodies and style

Characteristics:
All piano
Upbeat; driving beat
Rhythm - always 2/4 time
Syncopation - accent off the beat; this lifts up the music and drives the melody; catchy
Ragtime
played in saloons and bars
PIANO
Scott Joplin, Maple Leaf Rag
Origins:
African-American folk music
From slave calls - songs of extreme suffering and pain
Merging of African and European music
American troops bring home after World War I

Form:
Lamentation; mournful
Modal melody has been harmonized with Western tonal chords
"Blues Notes" - bent pitches

The Lyrics
autobiographical
pain of betrayal, desertion, and unrequited love
Early blues followed speech patterns
Generally written in iambic pentameter; repeat of first line
Blues
slow and drawn out
TRUMPET
Louis Armstrong, West End Blues
Origins:
Certain intonations, rhythmic patterns, and melodic lines from African roots
Traditions of spirituals, Christian hymns song in slave culture and free churches of the South
First appeared in New Orleans around the turn of the century

*other cultures did not openly like jazz*
Jazz
international fame, cotton club 1920
SAXOPHONE
Ellington, Take the A Train
ranked as classic
SAXOPHONE
Gershwin, Porgy and Bess
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