US History- Regents prep NYS 2018
preparation for the New York state -US History Regents Exam 2018
Terms in this set (68)
May flower Compact
It was a set of rules for self government established by the English settlers who traveled to the New World and was signed by the Pilgrims on November 21, 1620.
Peter Zenger Trial
He printed pages of his opinion on newspapers and released them to the public and was later sent to jail because he released information to the public. Led to the beginning of Freedom of Speech in 1733
17th century British Crown policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American colonies in obedient to England 1763-1775
The Boston Tea party
It is a raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor (December 16, 1773) in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company.
Declaration of Independence
July 4th, 1776...a formal statement was written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain.
The US Constitution
It is the supreme law of the United States.
originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government.
Marbury V Madison
established the principle of judicial review in 1789
It was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington. The so-called "_________ tax" was the first tax imposed on a domestic product by the newly formed federal government. It became law in 1791, and was intended to generate revenue for the war debt ...
Articles of confederation
It was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution.
In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states this was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state... In 1854 it was repealed by the Kansas Nebraska Act.
Compromise of 1850
The south gained by the strengthing of the fugitive slave law, the north gained a new free state, California. Texas lost territory but was compensated with 10 million dollars to pay for its debt. Slave trade was prohibited in Washington Dc, but slavery was not.
Seneca Falls Convention
It was the first woman's rights meeting. They discussed the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman. it spanned over July 19-20, 1848
Kansas Nebraska act
It allowed each territory to decide the issue of slavery would violate the Missouri Compromise, which had kept the Union from falling apart for the last thirty-four years
Abraham Lincoln became President
He was first president from the Republican party on November 6, 1860
Jane Addams & Hull House
It was a settlement house in the United States that was co-founded in 1889
Civil War begins
occurred on April 12, 1861 ...bloodiest war in America
Federal Reserve Act
created by the Congress to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system created on December 23, 1913
it gave women the right to vote in 1920
a period of violence during the settling of the Kansas territory. In 1854 the Kansas Nebraska Act overturned the Missouri Compromise's use of latitude as the boundary between slave and free territory and instead, using the principle of popular sovereignty, decreed that the residents would determine whether the area became a free state or slave state
World War 1
was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to November 1918
It freed all the southern states from slavery- issued on January 1, 1863 by Abraham Lincoln
Albany Plan of Union
it was used to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress on July 10, 1754 in Albany, New York
The populist party
(The peoples party) was much younger than the Democratic and Republicans parties, Which had been founded before the Civil War
Sherman Antitrust Act
The purpose of this act is to oppose the combination of entities that could potentially harm competition.
Chinese Exclusion Act
a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. This act was the first significant restriction on free immigration in U.S. history, and it excluded Chinese laborers from the country under penalty of imprisonment and deportation.
Abolishes slavery, and involuntary servitude... December 6, 1865
In addition to equal protection under the law to all citizens, the amendment also addresses what is called "due process", which prevents citizens from being illegally deprived of life, liberty, or property. July 9th 1868 this amendment was passed.
Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude. it was passed February 3, 1870
French and Indian War
The War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years' War. The War began in 1754 and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
it gave support to other nations that were allegedly threatened by Soviet communism. It became the foundation of American foreign policy, and led, in 1949, to the formation of NATO, a military alliance that is still in effect. Historians often used the president (at the time) speeches to date the start of the Cold War.
What was the American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning on April 3, 1948?
The New Deal
the economic measures introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 to counteract the effects of the Great Depression. It involved a massive public works program, complemented by the large-scale granting of loans, and succeeded in reducing unemployment by between 7 and 10 million.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On August 6, 1945, during World War II (1939-45), an American B-29 bomber dropped the world's first deployed atomic bomb over 2 Japanese cities then over another city.
By the summer of 1945, Oppenheimer was ready to test the first bomb. On July 16, 1945, at Trinity Site near Alamogordo, New Mexico, scientists of the project readied them to watch the detonation of the world's first atomic bomb.
Civil Rights Act
1964 is a landmark and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Plessy v Ferguson
On May 18, 1896, the Supreme Court ruled separate-but-equal facilities constitutional on intrastate railroads. For some fifty years, the decision upheld the principle of racial segregation. Across the country, laws mandated separate accommodations on buses and trains, and in hotels, theaters, and schools .
was the period from 1863 (the legal end of most slavery in the United States) or 1865 (the end of the Confederacy) to 1877.
were several United States federal laws that gave an applicant ownership of land, typically called a "homestead," at no cost
signed into law in May 1862
Spanish American War
On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898.
The Panama Canal was built
1903-1914. President Theodore Roosevelt oversaw the realization of a long-term United States goal—a trans-isthmian canal. Throughout the 1800s, American and British leaders and businessmen wanted to ship goods quickly and cheaply between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.
Federal Meat Inspection Act
is an American law that makes it a crime to adulterate or misbrand meat and meat products being sold as food, and ensures that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions.
The Dawes Act of 1887
adopted by congress
The Dawes Act
was important for tribal life because it helped to reduce the tribes' ability to live in their traditional ways. The Dawes Act ended communal ownership of the land and parceled it up into pieces to be owned by individual Native Americans.
Sacco and Vanzetti
Two anarchists, who were convicted of a robbery and two murders in Massachusetts in the early 1920s and sentenced to death
Schenck v. United States
After working its way through the federal courts, the case was judged by the Supreme Court in 1919. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote the decision for the unanimous Supreme Court. It upheld (supported)his conviction, saying that it did not violate his First Amendment right to free speech.
Wilsons 14 points of Peace
was an address delivered before a joint meeting of Congress on January 8, 1918, during which he outlined his vision for a stable, long-lasting peace in Europe, the Americas and the rest of the world following World War I.
is to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate race-based discrimination. Founded: February 12, 1909
the period of Western society and Western culture that occurred during and around the 1920s...was a time when many people defied Prohibition, indulged in new styles of dancing and dressing, and rejected many traditional moral standards.
World War 2
was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945...Among the causes of the global war were Italian fascism in the 1920s, Japanese militarism and invasions of China in the 1930s, and especially the political takeover in 1933 of Germany by Hitler and his Nazi Party and its aggressive foreign policy.
is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages...advocates encouraged their fellow Americans to reduce the amount of alcohol that they consumed. around the 1820s
The Great Depression
Nine thousand banks failed during the months following the stock market crash of 1929. It was not just the stock market crashing...but it began with the dramatic crash of the stock market on "Black Thursday", October 24, 1929 when 16 million shares of stock were quickly sold by panicking investors who had lost faith in the American
Bay of Pigs
Senate refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles
On Nov. 19, 1919, the Senate rejected the Treaty based primarily on objections to the League of Nations. The U.S. would never ratify the treaty or join the League of Nations.
Scopes Monkey Trial
formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes ... was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which had made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school
The second significant cause was the desire of black Southerners to escape segregation, known euphemistically as Jim Crow. Rural African American Southerners believed that segregation - and racism and prejudice against blacks - was significantly less intense in the North. occurred between 1916 and 1970
during the 1920s and 1930s...An important goal of many artists and writers was to enhance the self-esteem of African Americans. ... It was assumed that accurate portrayal of African American culture would lead to a more enlightened society.
Cuban Missile Crisis
In October 1962, the Kennedy Administration faced its most serious foreign policy crisis. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev saw an opportunity to strengthen the relationship between the Soviet Union and Fidel Castro's Cuba and make good its promise to defend Cuba from the United States
was a Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to develop aerospace capabilities, including artificial satellites, unmanned space probes, and human spaceflight.
a campaign or practice that endorses the use of unfair allegations
Brown v. Board of Ed
(1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Civil Rights Movement
of the 1950s and '60s broke the pattern of public facilities' being segregated by "race" in the South and achieved the most important breakthrough in equal-rights legislation for African Americans since the Reconstruction period (1865-77).
The causes revolve around the simple belief held by America that communism was threatening to expand all over south-east Asia. Neither the Soviet Union nor the United States could risk an all-out war against each other, such was the nuclear military might of both.
LBJ's Great Society
It was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by the President in !964-!962. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice.
refers to the Supreme Court of the United States between 1953 and 1969, when Earl Warren served as chief justice. Warren led a liberal majority that used judicial power in dramatic fashion, to the consternation of conservative opponents.
was created to eliminate barriers to trade and investment between the US, Canada and Mexico. The implementation immediately eliminated tariffs on more than one-half of Mexico's exports to the US and more than one-third of US. exports to Mexico.
Iran Contra Affair
It was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration. Senior administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran, which was the subject of an arms embargo. They hoped, thereby, to fund the Contras in Nicaragua while at the same time negotiating the release of several U.S. hostages.
Persian Gulf War
also called Gulf War, (1990-91), international conflict that was triggered by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990. ... Egypt and several other Arab nations joined the anti-Iraq coalition and contributed forces to the military buildup, known as Operation Desert Shield.
Berlin Wall comes down
The Fall of the Wall. On November 9, 1989, as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in his city's relations with the West. Starting at midnight that day, he said, citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country's borders.
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