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70 terms

Final Medical Terminology

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIDS. A disease that affects the body's immune system. Transmitted by exchange of body fluid during sex, reuse of old needles, receiving contaminated blood transfusions
Anarchism
State of absence of tests. Unilateral or bilateral
Artificial insemination
introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland. Nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland
Chlamydia
STD sometimes to referred to as a silent STD because many people don't know they have the disease. Symptoms: painful urination, discharge from penis in men, genital itching, vaginal discharge, bleeding between periods
Circumcision
surgical removal of the prepice, also known as the foreskin
Ciotus
sexual intercourse between male and female
Cryptorchidism
The state of hidden testes.
Digital Rectal Exam
A physical exam in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall. used to screen for BPH and cancer of the prostate
Epididymitis
Inflammation of the epididymis
Erectile dysfunction
the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection, sufficient to preform sexual intercourse
Gonads
male and female sex glands
Gonorrhea
contagiuos inflammatory STD caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genito-urinary system
Human immunodeficiency virus
a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS. HIV infects T helper cells of the immune system allowing for opportunistic infections such as blah blah.
Human papilloma virus
a prevalent STD causing benign or cancerous growths in male or female genitals
Hydrocele
scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid
Orchidectomy
Excision of the testes. bilaterally its called castration
Orchitis
Inflammation of the testes or testicle
Phimosis
tightness of the precipe that prevents its retraction over the glans penis. it may be congenital or a result of banalities and circumcision is the usual treatment
Priapism
persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness
Prostate Gland
encircles the upper end of the urthera. Secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation
Prostate-specific antigen
a blood test that measures the level of prostate specific antigen in the blood. Elevated test results may indicated the presence of prostate cancer or excess prostate tissue as found in benign prostatic hyperplasia
Prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland
Prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate
Prostatocystitis
inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder
Prosthesis
a substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated
Puberty
period when secondary sex characteristics develop in the ability to reproduce sexually begins
Sexually transmitted disease
diseases such as syphillis, herpes transmitted during sexual contact
Syphilis
chronic infection caused by the bacterium TP usually transmitted by sexual contact maybe acquired in utuero or less often contracted through direct contact with infected tissue. If untreated the infection usually progresses through 3 stages with a latent period.
Testicular torsion
Twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testes. Note most often occurs during puberty, onset of severe pain, because of lack of blood flow it is a surgical emergency
Transurethral resection of the prostate gland
Surgical removal of pieces of the prostate gland tissue by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra. The capsule is left intact usually performed when the enlarged prostate gland interferes with urination
Van deferens
duct carrying sperm from the epipdymis to the urethra. the spermatic cord encloses each vas deferens with nerves, lymphatics, arteries, and veins. The urethra also connects with the urinary bladder and carries urine outside the body. A circular muscle constricts during intercourse to prevent urination.
Varicocele
Enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
Vasectomy
Excision of a duct, partial excision of the vas deferens bilaterally, resulting in male sterilization
Vasovasostomy
creation of artificial openings between ducts. The severed ends of the vas deferens are reconnected in an attempt to restore fertility in men who have had a vasectomy
Amenorrhea
Absence of menstrual discharge
Bartholin glands
pair of mucous producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening
Cervicitis
Inflammation of the cervix
Cervix
Narrow lower portion of the uterus
Colporrhaophy
suture of the vagina (wall of the vagina)
Culdocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac (recto uterine pouch)
Dilation and curettage
dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium with an instrument called the currette. it is performed to diagnose disease to correct bleeding and to empty uterine contents such as tissue remaining after a miscarriage
Dysmenorrhea
painful menstrual discharge
Dyspareunia
difficult or painful intercourse
Endometriosis
abnormal condition in which endrometrial tissue grows outside the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity including ovaries, uterine tubes, intestines, and uterus
Fribrocystic breast disease
a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast
Fibroid tumor
benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle
Fistula
abnormal passageway between two organs or between an internal organ and the body surface
Fundus
Rounded upper portion of the uterus
Gynecology
study of women (a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the female reproductive system)
Hysterectomy
excision of the uterus
Leukorrhea
white discharge from the vagina
Mastalgia
pain in the breast
Mastectomy
surgical removal of a breast
Mastitis
Inflammation of the breast
Mastoptosis
sagging breast
Menarche
beginning of menstruation
Menopause
cessation of menstruation
Pap smear
a cytological study of cervical and vaginal secretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells most commonly used to detect cancers of the cervix
Pelvic inflammatory disease
inflammation of the female pelvic organs that can be caused by many different pathogens, untreated the infection may spread upward from the vagina, involving uterus, uterine tubes, other pelvic organs, infection can result in infertility
Perineum
pelvic floor in both male and female. in females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opening and the anus
Premenstrual syndrome
a syndrome involving physical and emotional symptoms occurring in the 10 days between period
Prolapsed uterus
downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina
Salpingectomy
excision of the uterine tube
Salpingo-oophorectomy
excision of the uterine tube and ovary
Speculum
instrument for opening body cavity to allow inspection
Tubal ligation
closure of the uterine tubes for sterilization by tying
Vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina
Vesicovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina
Vulva
two pairs of lips (labia major and minora) that surround the vagina