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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIDS. A disease that affects the body's immune system. Transmitted by exchange of body fluid during sex, reuse of old needles, receiving contaminated blood transfusions


State of absence of tests. Unilateral or bilateral

Artificial insemination

introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland. Nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland


STD sometimes to referred to as a silent STD because many people don't know they have the disease. Symptoms: painful urination, discharge from penis in men, genital itching, vaginal discharge, bleeding between periods


surgical removal of the prepice, also known as the foreskin


sexual intercourse between male and female


The state of hidden testes.

Digital Rectal Exam

A physical exam in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall. used to screen for BPH and cancer of the prostate


Inflammation of the epididymis

Erectile dysfunction

the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection, sufficient to preform sexual intercourse


male and female sex glands


contagiuos inflammatory STD caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genito-urinary system

Human immunodeficiency virus

a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS. HIV infects T helper cells of the immune system allowing for opportunistic infections such as blah blah.

Human papilloma virus

a prevalent STD causing benign or cancerous growths in male or female genitals


scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid


Excision of the testes. bilaterally its called castration


Inflammation of the testes or testicle


tightness of the precipe that prevents its retraction over the glans penis. it may be congenital or a result of banalities and circumcision is the usual treatment


persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness

Prostate Gland

encircles the upper end of the urthera. Secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation

Prostate-specific antigen

a blood test that measures the level of prostate specific antigen in the blood. Elevated test results may indicated the presence of prostate cancer or excess prostate tissue as found in benign prostatic hyperplasia


excision of the prostate gland


inflammation of the prostate


inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder


a substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated


period when secondary sex characteristics develop in the ability to reproduce sexually begins

Sexually transmitted disease

diseases such as syphillis, herpes transmitted during sexual contact


chronic infection caused by the bacterium TP usually transmitted by sexual contact maybe acquired in utuero or less often contracted through direct contact with infected tissue. If untreated the infection usually progresses through 3 stages with a latent period.

Testicular torsion

Twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testes. Note most often occurs during puberty, onset of severe pain, because of lack of blood flow it is a surgical emergency

Transurethral resection of the prostate gland

Surgical removal of pieces of the prostate gland tissue by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra. The capsule is left intact usually performed when the enlarged prostate gland interferes with urination

Van deferens

duct carrying sperm from the epipdymis to the urethra. the spermatic cord encloses each vas deferens with nerves, lymphatics, arteries, and veins. The urethra also connects with the urinary bladder and carries urine outside the body. A circular muscle constricts during intercourse to prevent urination.


Enlarged veins of the spermatic cord


Excision of a duct, partial excision of the vas deferens bilaterally, resulting in male sterilization


creation of artificial openings between ducts. The severed ends of the vas deferens are reconnected in an attempt to restore fertility in men who have had a vasectomy


Absence of menstrual discharge

Bartholin glands

pair of mucous producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening


Inflammation of the cervix


Narrow lower portion of the uterus


suture of the vagina (wall of the vagina)


surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac (recto uterine pouch)

Dilation and curettage

dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium with an instrument called the currette. it is performed to diagnose disease to correct bleeding and to empty uterine contents such as tissue remaining after a miscarriage


painful menstrual discharge


difficult or painful intercourse


abnormal condition in which endrometrial tissue grows outside the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity including ovaries, uterine tubes, intestines, and uterus

Fribrocystic breast disease

a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast

Fibroid tumor

benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle


abnormal passageway between two organs or between an internal organ and the body surface


Rounded upper portion of the uterus


study of women (a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the female reproductive system)


excision of the uterus


white discharge from the vagina


pain in the breast


surgical removal of a breast


Inflammation of the breast


sagging breast


beginning of menstruation


cessation of menstruation

Pap smear

a cytological study of cervical and vaginal secretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells most commonly used to detect cancers of the cervix

Pelvic inflammatory disease

inflammation of the female pelvic organs that can be caused by many different pathogens, untreated the infection may spread upward from the vagina, involving uterus, uterine tubes, other pelvic organs, infection can result in infertility


pelvic floor in both male and female. in females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opening and the anus

Premenstrual syndrome

a syndrome involving physical and emotional symptoms occurring in the 10 days between period

Prolapsed uterus

downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina


excision of the uterine tube


excision of the uterine tube and ovary


instrument for opening body cavity to allow inspection

Tubal ligation

closure of the uterine tubes for sterilization by tying


inflammation of the vagina

Vesicovaginal fistula

abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina


two pairs of lips (labia major and minora) that surround the vagina

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