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Terms in this set (55)
Russian cosmonaut - first man in space (1961)
Leader of Palestinian Liberation Organization / al-Fatah; used terrorist tactics to win a land for Palestinians, but later made peace with Israelis in Oslo (1994). Later led the Palestinian Authority in a corrupt fashion and blocked attempts to bring a final peace with a two-state solution; died 2004
Ho Chi Minh
Leader of Vietnamese independence and communist movement; later president of North Vietnam
In South Africa this Anglican archbishop was an ally of Nelson Mandela in protecting against the racist policy of apartheid; after apartheid collapsed he led a unique council of reconciliation to unify blacks and whites who had formerly been enemies
Chinese leader who defeats Mao's associates and gradually moves the peoples republic toward a mixture of socialism and capitalism - but still a one party dictatorship, as demonstrated by the brutal crushing of protesters in Tienanmen Square in 1898
Leader of Solidarity the Polish anti-communist resistance in the 1980's
Soviet leader 1985 - 1991 who tried to end dictatorship and introduce economic reforms; he refused to use force against protests and allowed the breakaway of East Euroope from Soviet control in 1989=90; in 1991, he survived a coup attempt only to later announce the end of the USSR
Khmer Rouge leader in Cambodia who carred out a genocide of his own people in order to create his version of utopia - ruled 1975 to 1978 when he was expelled from power in a Vietnamese invasion [3rd Indochinese War]
Serbian dictator who tried to hold onto the old Yugoslavia and rally his people by demonizing Corats, Bosnians, and Kosovars; thrown out of Serb protests in 2001; later arrested by UN but died in prison during trial for genocide.
Arab Islamist revolutionary who - after fighting in Afghan - Soviet War - formed al-Qaeda and masterminded 9 - 11 attack; killed by USS forces in 2011 hiding in Pakistan
Gamel Abdel Nasser
BNa'athist leader in Egypt aftera coup  deposed the king; seized Suez Canal, fought Israel in Suez war and Siz days War; opposed Islamists, allied with Soviets, wanted to unite all Arabs in a pand-Arabic, secular state
This tough, nationalistic and occasionally shirtless Russian leader [and ex-RGB agent] succeeded the occasionally sober Yeltsin in 2000. Brutally crushed Chechen rebels, killling thousands of civilians, suppressed the Russian mafia, though he has also limited free expression. He has interefered in neighboring nations and supported the Syrian dictatorship.
A key Islamic scholar and Muslim Brotherhood member whose writings in the 1950s (until he was executed by Egypt's secular Ba'athits state) inspired modern jihadis by calling for a rejection of the West and actual war on both secular Ba'athists and pro-Western Arab kings
Ayatolla R Khoeini
Religious Shi'ite leader who came to power in the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1978, declaring Islamic Republic: Islam is politics or it is nothing"
Ba'athist dictator of Iraq from late 1970s (when he eliminated a third of his own party leadership) until his overthrow in 2002 by the US; executed by Iraqis; responsible for thousands of murders; terrorized his own people, fought the USA twice.
After the 9-11 attacks (2001) the FIRST military response of the U.S under Bush Jr was:
Air raids on Al-Qaeda bases in Pakistan
ISIS IS AN offshoot of al-Qaeda that, between 2014 and 2017, biblically executed religious minorities as it established a government in land belonging to the nation's of...
Syria and Iraq
How did Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev show his anger at U.S President Eisenhower after the Soviets shot down the U2 spy plane?
They built the Berlin Wall
Despite being surprised, the Israelis defeated Egypt and Syrioa in the Yom Kippur War of 1973; the result of the war was:
Oil nations boycotted Western nations, causing a global recession
Egypt eventually allied with the USA and made peace with Israel
Arab states no longer attacked Israel and Palestinians had to rely on terrorism
In the 1960s, China's Mao Zedong unleashed a persecution against all things western or traditional; his young Red Guards were told to distrust anyone over 30 and anything from the outside was disruptive - Mao cancelled it by the 70s
The Great Proletarian Revolution
In the Islamic world, who are willing to blend Western ideas with Islamic culture
Nations in the "so called" Third World that are EXTREMELY poor may better be described as...
This nation voted to exit the European Union in 2016; the process is happening currently in...
The Soviet-Afghan War of 1978-88 had what effects
It ended detente, which had been a thaw in the Cold war
It was a military disaster for the USSR
It led to the rise of the Taliban, a group of young jihadis
In 2010 and 2011, several Arab nations experienced popular uprisings called the Arab Spring; what is true about the Arab Spring
It began with a street vendor setting himself on fire in Tunisia
It led to the brief rule of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
It triggered the outbreak of a civil war in Syria
In 1967, the Israelis staged a surprise attack on Egypt, Syria, and Jordan... All of whom were preparing to invade - and quickly defeated them in the...
Six day war
Hassan Banna founded this Islamist group in Egypt in the 1920s to resist the British; he believed that a western culture and modernist Muslims were evil... the group is the strongest popular movement in Egypt today (despite repression by the new military government)...
The Muslim Brotherhood
The Israelis won independence in 1947 after what occurred
They defeated 5 attacking armies
They accepted a UN partition of Palestine but the Arabs did not
The US recognized the legitimacy of Israel as an independent nation
Secular Arab nationalists, founded by Syrian Michel Aflaq in the 1940s, sponsored first by the Nazis and later by the Soviets; seized power in several Arab states including Egypt, Yemen, Syria, and Iraq
What about the Suez Crisis in 1956?
It resulted in the Israelis seizing the Sinai and crushing Egypt
The British and French were forced to withdraw by Eisenhower
The US was concerned it would lead to a direct confrontation with the USSR
The Syrian civil war going on is a conflict between who?
The ruling Shia minority and the oppressed Sunni majority
Bashir Assad the dictator and jihadis like ISIS
Secularists vs Islamists
Saudi Arabia and Iran are hostile toward each other because...
They are the main Sunni and Shi'a powers in the region
The Maastricht treaty created the European Union, which is bound together by
Economic agreements and (mostly) a common currency
What was the Truman Doctrine
an agreement to provide military aid to nations defending themselves from communist guerillas, beginning with Turkey and Greece
The Marshall Plan was
A USA paid policy to rebuild war torn Europe
In 1948 what did the allies respond with that kept the city from falling into Soviet hands
What was NATO
an anti soviet alliance
In a 1950-53 war, communist Kim II Sung invaded the South of what country
What is MAD
An ironic idea that peace is kept by the two sides being terrified of either defeat or "victory"
What is Sputnik
The first satelite
1956: The Bombastic, coarse, wily new leader of the USSR who denounced the cruelty of Stalin's past regime
The new communist leader who took over Cuba in 1959
After the Soviets placed missiles in Cuba in 1962, president Kennedy responded with what (to get the Soviets to back down)
In French Indochina (included Vietnam) the Viet Minh resisted the French in the 1st indochinese war and defeated the french at what battle
The communist forces in South Vietnam
A major communist attack in 1968 that caused US public opinion to turn against the war
The Tet Offensive
A nation where the elite systematically steals the nation's wealth is ruled by what
In recent years, Russia has invaded or interfered in former parts of the old Soviet empire, including
Crimea and Ukraine
What ethnic group has established a semi-independent zone in Northern Iraq; they are the U.S's best allies in fighting ISIS; they are disliked by the Arab and Turkish governments
Place by Jerusalem
Gaza, controlled by Hamas, an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood
Between 1972 and 1978, the Nixon, Ford, and Carter administrations pursued better understanding with communist nations, including recognizing Mao as the leader of China and signing a nuclear arms treaty with the Soviets... this period is called
In the 1990s, over a million people died in a civil war between the Tutsi and Hutu ethnic groups and genocide in
He was the first Arab Leader to recognize Israel, by signing the 1978 Camp David Accord; but he was assassinated by the Muslim Brotherhood
President Anwar al-Sadat of Egypt
From 1980 to 1989 a World War One style war with chemical weapons and human wave assaults against trenches was fought between
Iran and Iraq
This leader of China has consolidated personal power, accelerated capitalism in the name of the state (state capitalism) and has ambitions to flex Chinese power in the South China Sea and beyond...
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