Federal Statutes (Study Guide)

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Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
protection against discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origins in any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance
Title VII of the Civil Rights of 1964
unlawful for an employer to discriminate against any individual with respect to compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment bc of an individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Title IX The Educational Amendments of 1972
no individual shall be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity that receives or benefits from federal assistance on the basis of sex.
Section 504, The Rehabilitation Act of 1973
"No otherwise handicapped individual...will be excluded from the particiption in, be denied the benifits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance solely bc of his/her handicap.
The Age Discrimination Act of 1967
unlawful for an employer to fail or refuse to hire or discharge any individual or otherwise discrimination against any individual with respect to his/her employment bc of an individual's age.
The Family Rights and Privacy Act of 1964 (FERPA) (Buckley Amendment)
no funds will be made available under any applicable program to any state or local educational agency, any institution of higher education, any community college, any school, agency offering a preschool program, or any other educational institution, which has a policy of denying parents of students the right to inspect and review any and all official records, files, and data directly related to their children.
FERPA
Students who are 18 years-of-age or attending a post-secondary educational institution acquire the right of consent formerly held by the parent.
Individuals w/ Disability Education Act (IDEA)
requires that states adopt policies that assure all children w/ disabilities receive a "free and appropriate public education." The statue requires that each student's unique needs are addressed through an "individualized educational plan (IEP) and that extensive procedural requirement s are put into place.
The Equal Access Act of 1985
unlawful for any public secondary school which receives federal financial assistance and which has a limited open forum to deny equal access, or a fair opportunity to or to discriminate against any students who wish to conduct a meeting within that limited open forum on the basis of the religious, political, philosophical, or other content of the speech at the meetings.
Criteria for a fair opportunity (Equal Access Act of 1985) provide that
Voluntary and student initiated
No sponsorship by the school; the government, or its agents or employees
School agents or employees are present at the meetings only in a non-participatory capacity
Meeting does not interfere w/ the orderly conduct of educational activities within the school
Non-school persons may not direct, conduct, control, or regularly attend activities of student groups.
Family and School Partnership for Student Achievement Act
provides clear guidelines regarding the content of parent handbooks, parental rights and responsibilities, and information schools must share with parents and guardians.
US Equal Educational Opportunities Commission (EEOC)
federal agency responsible for interpreting and enforcing Title VI. States are mandated also protect and help students "overcome language barriers that impede equal participation by its students in its instructional programs.
Title 42, Section 1983 of the Civil Rights Act of 1871
is a federal law that allows lawsuits for violations of constitutional rights.
Arbitration
a process whereby a neutral third person or panel, called an arbitrator or an arbitration panel, considers the facts and arguments presented by the parties and renders a decision which may be binding or nonbinding.