19 terms

WWII

WWII terms based on past NYS Regents exams.
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Neutrality Acts
Effort in the 1930s to avoid making the same mistakes that got the USA into WWI
US Foriegn Policy in the 1930's
Isolationism
Pearl Harbor
Japanese sneak attack that led to US involvement in WWII
"Arsenal of Democracy"
FDR's justification for lending weapons to the British to fight the Nazis in what was known as the Lend Lease Act.
War Bonds
How the US financed WWII
Rationing
Conserving food and oil for the war efort
Nuremberg Trials
Held the Nazi and Japanese leaders responsible for war crime in WWII
Manhattan Project
Top secret program to build an atomic bomb
Rosie the Riveter
Propaganda tool to encourage women to take factory jobs
Internment Camps
Used to hold Japanese-American citizens due to fear of spies and sabateurs during WWII
Lend Lease Act
Allowed the British to borrow weapons in order to fight the Nazis
Atlantic Charter
Agreement between the US and Great Britain that became the basis for the United Nations (UN)
Potsdam Conference
Meeting between Stalin, Truman and Churchill about dividing up Germany and led to the Cold War
Korematsu v. USA
Japanese Internment was constitutional because individual or group rights may be limited to protect "national security"
Yalta Conference
1945 Meeting between Allied leaders; FDR, Churchill, and Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war, signs that US Britain feared future Communist expansion.
2 Front War
Caused in WWII by the USA being forced to fight the Nazis/Italy in the "Atlantic Theater" and the Japanese in the "Pacific Theater"
D-Day
When the US invaded Nazi-occupied Normandy, France and opened a 2nd front in the West. Now Hitler fought Soviets in the East and US/Britain in the West.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Two cities that the US dropped atomic bombs on in order to end war with Japan during WWII. Some believe it was also a warning to the Communist Soviet Union.
United Nations
International peace-keeping organization founded after WWII and joined by the USA. Unlike the League of Nations which the US did not join after WWI, the actions of Nazi Germany and Japan as well as the the threat of the Soviet Union showed that the USA could no longer remain neutral and isolated.