APUSH Ch. 15 Henretta
Terms in this set (26)
Ten Percent Plan
A plan by Lincoln that would have granted amnesty to most ex-Confederates and allowed each rebellious state to return to the Union if 10 percent of its voters had taken a loyalty oath and the state had approved the Thirteenth Amendment. Confederate states rejected it.
A bill proposed by Congress in July 1864 that required an oath of allegiance by a majority of each states's adult white men, new governments formed only by those who had never taken up arms against the Union, and permanent disenfranchisement of Confederate leaders.
Laws passed by southern states after the Civil War denying ex-slaves the civil rights enjoyed by whites and intended to force blacks back to the plantations.
Government organization created in March 1865 to aid displaced blacks and other war refugees.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Legislation passed by Congress that nullified the Black Codes and affirmed that African-Americans should have equal benefits of the law.
Constitutional amendment ratified in 1868 that made all native-born or naturalized persons U.S. citizens and prohibited states from abridging the rights of national citizens, thus giving primacy to national rather than state citizenship.
Reconstruction Act of 1867
An act that divided the conquered South into five military districts, each under the command of a U.S. general. To reenter the Union, former Confederate states had to grant the vote to freedmen and deny it to leading ex-Confederates.
Constitutional amendment ratified in 1869 that forbade states to deny citizens the right to vote on the grounds of race, color, or "previous condition of servitude".
American Women Suffrage Associationq
A suffrage group headed by Lucy Stone and others who remained loyal to the Republican Party in hopes that once Reconstruction had been settled, it would be women's turn for suffrage.
National Women Suffrage Association
A suffrage group headed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony that focused exclusively on women's rights and took up the battle for a federal women's suffrage amendment.
Minor v. Happersett
A Supreme Court decision in 1875 that ruled that suffrage right were not inherent in citizenship; women were citizens, but state legislatures could deny women the vote if they wished.
A labor system by which freedmen agreed to exchange a portion of their harvested crops with the landowner for use of the land, a house, and tools.
A secret fraternal order in which black and white Republicans joined forces in the late 1860s. After the war, the league pressured Congress to uphold justice for freedmen.
Southern whites who supported Republican Reconstruction and were ridiculed by ex-Confederates as worthless traitors.
A derisive name given by ex-Confederates to northerner, who, motivated by opportunity or personal profit, moved to the South during Reconstruction.
Notorious system begun during Reconstruction whereby Southern state officials allowed private companies to hire out prisoners to labor in mines and other industries.
Civil Rights Act of 1875
A law that required "full and equal" access to jury srevice and to transportation and public accommodations, irrespective of race.
Freedman's Savings and Trust Company
A private bank founded in 1865 that had worked closely with the Freedman's Bureau and Union army across the South. In June 1874, the bank failed, and Congress refused to compensate its 61,000 African American depositors.
The idea that the less government does, the better, particularly in reference to the economy.
French for "let do" or "leave alone"
A sham corporation set up by the shareholders in the Union Pacific Railroad to secure government grants at an enormous profit. Organizers of the scheme protected it from investigation by providing gifts of ots stock to the powerful members of Congress.
A term used by southern Democrats for the overthrow of elected governments that ended Reconstruction in many parts of the South. So-called Redeemers terrorized Republicans, especially in districts with large proportions of black voters, and killed black political leaders and intimidated their opponents to regain power.
Acts passed by Congress in 1870 that were designed to protect Freedmen's rights under the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments.
A group of decisions begun in 1873 in which Supreme Court began to undercut the power of the Fourteenth Amendment to protect African American rights.
U.S. v. Cruikshank
A Supreme Court decision that voting rights remained a state matter unless the state itself violated those rights. If former slaves' rights were violated by individuals or private groups, that lay beyond the federal jurisdiction. Like the Slaughter-House cases, the ruling undercut the power of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Civil Rights Cases
A series of 1883 Supreme Court decisions that struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875, rolling back key Reconstruction laws and paving the way for later decisions that sanctioned segregation.