41 terms

1: Catholic Christianity Beliefs and Teachings

Keywords and definitions
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The Trinity
Three persons in one God (Father, Son and Holy Spirit)
Nicene Creed
A formal expression of what the Church believes (written to correct mistakes in thinking) in the third century.
Eucharist
The Catholic sacrament where the bread and wine become the blood and body of Jesus Christ.
Revelation
When truth or knowledge previously hidden is revealed (by God)
Doctrine
A belief or important teaching held by the Church
Creed
From the Latin 'credo' meaning 'I believe'
Benevolent
When someone is loving and good.
Omnipotent
All powerful.
Omniscient
All knowing.
Omnibenevolent
All loving
Omnipresent
Everywhere
Omni
All or everything
Creationism
A literal interpretation of how creation occurred. This is different to a more metaphorical/symbolic interpretation.
Stewardship
Taking care of the earth that God has entrusted to us.
Dominion
Ruling over the earth that God entrusted to us
Imago Dei
Being made in the image of God - reflecting his characteristics uniquely in ways that other aspects of the creation do not.
Free Will
The power of self-determination
The Incarnation
God becoming human (or flesh/meat - link with the word 'carne')
Blasphemy
Saying something offensive about God or the sacred
Paschal Mystery
The whole work of Jesus - Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension
Paschal
Passover - when a lamb's blood provided an escape from the angel of death during the Jewish exodus
Redemption
To buy back - exchange something as a payment - usually referring to Jesus dying - the innocent for the guilty
Justification
Legal term: to be declared right in a court - refers to when Jesus gives us his perfection, thus achieving a relationship with God
Redemptive Efficacy
Efficacy means being effective at doing something. Jesus is able to be effective as our payment on the Cross.
Resurrection
The bodily raising to life of someone who was previously dead.
Ascension
To go up - usually referring to Jesus returning to Heaven as the King who has 'all authority'
Grace
Undeserved kindness or merit - the idea that God would love us when we don't deserve it. God's Riches At Christ's Expense.
Baptism
The ceremony that welcomes a person into the family of God
Confirmation
Receiving the Gifts of the Holy Spirit to encourage a faithful life; strengthening the faith.
Eucharist
Receiving the body and blood of Christ
Reconciliation
The restoring of a broken relationship - primarily between humans and God - through the forgiveness of sins
Anointing of the sick
Healing and forgiveness of sins in preparation for the final journey
Matrimony
The joining of two people as one in marriage
Holy Orders
The giving of a distinct mission within the Church
Eschatology
the last things - death, judgement, purgatory, heaven and hell
Particular judgement
What happens to a person after death - where they go.
General or last judgement
What happens when all people are resurrected on the final day.
Denomination
Different groups or churches within Christianity
Heaven
Eternal life with God - a place of indescribable joy. Like a return to Eden.
Hell
Separation from God for eternity - described by Jesus as the outer darkness and a place of weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Purgatory
A stage of purification which enables people to reach holiness and get into Heaven. A bit like West Worthing station.
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