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Rift Valley

divergent plate boundary


both convergent plate & divergent plate boundary

ancient precursor of the Pacific Ocean


supercontinent 200 million years ago


depression along ridge axis

Rift Valley

study of changes in the character of oceans due to geographic changes


study of magnetism over geologic time


The relatively young age of the seafloor supports the idea that subduction must take place.


The magnetic north pole has remained very close to the geographic North Pole through all of geologic time


Paleomagnetism confirms that at particular times in the geologic past Earth has had more than one magnetic north pole.


New crust is formed at trenches and old crust is subducted at ridges


The oldest rocks are located at mid-ocean ridges.


Earthquakes are common along fracture zones.


Deep focus earthquakes are often associated with deep-sea trenches.


The magnetic field of the Earth reverses itself each time that magma erupts at a mid-ocean ridge.


Fast-moving spreading ridges tend to be more gently sloped that slow-moving ridges.


Deep-sea trenches are found at convergent plate boundaries


At divergent plate boundaries, only shallow focus earthquakes can be found


Fossils found in sediments can be used to:

a. indicate the relative age of the sediments.
b. provide evidence for plate movement.
c. suggest ancient climate characteristics.
d. support the idea that land masses were joined.

All continents fit together with the least number of overlaps and gaps when the continents are matched along

contours at around 2000 meters in depth

Fossils of ancient polar plants are currently found near the equator because the:

plants lived near the poles, but land masses have drifted to current locations

Climate distribution on Earth is primarily controlled by


All of the following provide evidence for continental drift

a. age of selected continental rocks.
b. apparent polar wandering.
c. location of coral reef fossils.
e. shape of continental margins.

Continental drift was confirmed through the use of the

location of alternating magnetic polarity of seafloor rocks

Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between Earth's geographic and magnetic poles?

The magnetic pole wobbles, but stays near the geographic pole.

Vine and Matthews determined that new ocean floor was being produced at ocean ridges by examining

the magnetic pattern on the seafloor.

Confirmation of seafloor spreading was supported by the:

age of seafloor

The seafloor magnetic pattern is be best described as:

parallel to and symmetric about ocean ridges.

Oceans become deeper moving away from ridges due to:

thermal contraction of hot asthenosphere.

Differences in height between continental crust and oceanic crust are explained by:


What is the asthenosphere composed of

outer mantle material

What is the lithosphere composed of

the crust and the topmost portion of the outer mantle

Moving from oceanic ridge to oceanic trench, the thickness of the lithosphere

increases in proportion to the distance

Deep ocean trenches are associated with

Subduction Zones

The Hawaiian Islands are located where the Pacific plate is

moving over a hot spot

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is an example of a

divergent boundary.

Which of the following is associated with convergent plate boundaries on the seafloor

crest of the mid-ocean ridge

Which of the following is characteristic of oceanic-oceanic convergent plate boundaries?

volcanic island arcs

Which of the following is characteristic of oceanic-continental convergent plate boundaries?

andesitic volcanoes


measurement of ocean depth and seafloor

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