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65 terms

History Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following were known as England's "Sea Dogges"?
A: John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake
Which of the following plants were not found in the New World before the Europeans came?
A: white potatoes or Irish potatoes
The explorer who landed at Newfoundland in 1497 and thus gave England the basis for a claim to North America was:
A: John Cabot
The Aztecs were conquered:
A: May 1521 by Cortes
5) One major factor that helped Cortes defeat the Aztecs was:
A: entered peacefully deception Spaniard's Indian allies remained loyal
6) By the seventeenth century, the Indian population in Spain's New World empire had decreased by about:
A: 50 million to 4 million (46 million decrease)
7) The Indian leader Pope organized a massive rebellion against the Spanish in:
1680/ New Mexico
8) The Spanish missions in North America:
A: imposed Christianity on Indians
9) The Spanish Armada:
A: was the mightiest fleet but big and cumbersome
10) The earliest major French attempts at colonization in the New World were in what is now:
Quebec
The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588:
A: convinced England that armada was no longer invincible
12) Who established French settlements at Arcadia and Quebec?
A: Champlagne
13) Before the Europeans arrived, many Native American tribes in the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys developed:
A: a thriving village culture
14) When Columbus ran around in Hispaniola, he believed he was in:
A: Pacific " East Indies"/ Asia
Christopher Columbus:
A: born 1451, Italian adventurer who won financial support from Ferdinand and Isabella/ sought Indies found the New World
Portugal's New World colony was
Brazil
James I
a son of Mary (aka James IV) of Scotland; he chartered the Va. Company and Virginia
Chief Powhatan was ahead of loosely organized confederacy made up of:
Powhatan Confederacy 3- Algonquian-speaking tribes in Eastern Va.
In 1624, a British court dissolved the struggling Va Company and Virginia
became a royal colony
In 1637 Thomas Hooker organized the self-governing colony of
Connecticut/ in response to the danger of attack form the Pequot Indians, who lived nearby
21) The leader of English Puritans who established the Massachusetts Bay colony was:
John Winthrop
23) During the Pequot War of 1637, colonists and their Narragansett allies:
A: killed hundreds of Pequots (most) sold into slavery/ Pequot nation declared dissolved
New Amsterdam ultimately became:
A: the capital of New Netherlands (New York)
25) Sir Walter Raleigh's colony at Roanoke:
A: Raleigh
26) The headright system adopted for the Virginia colony consisted of:
: a providing every settler with in Va. With a plot of land
27) The colony founded by exiled religious dissenters was:
Rhode Island ( Roger Williams
28) The Plymouth colony:
was founded by puritans
29) Anne Hutchinson
A: puritan dissenter/ claimed to have direct revelations form the Holy Spirit/ charge others of being hypocrites
30) The phrase "a city upon a hill" refers to the colony of:
Mass. Bay
31) Of the following colonies, which offered the most religious toleration?
Penn? Rhode Island?
32) The last of the English colonies founded along the Atlantic coast was
Georgia
Indentured servants:
people who agreed to work as servants for a fixed number of years in return for transport to the New World
Of all the slaved brought to the New World form Africa, about what percentage came to the Colonies of British North America?
A: 5 %
Some of the first slaves to arrive in Jamestown in 1619 were treated:
as indentured servants
36) New England's most important profitable export was
lumber then ships
37) The covenant theory from which the Puritans drew their ideas of government:
God has made a plan with them to provide a way to salvation from Mayflower Compact
38) Which of the following was not true of Puritan beliefs?
A: divine mission from God to make a model society communal faith exact codes of laws govt structure based on Bible purity churches
39) The witch craze in Salem started when:
1692 title (a slave and two women were accused)
40) The Pennsylvania Dutch:
Predominated Pennsylvania population
41) After the English, the next largest white ethnic groups in the colonies were the:
Germans
42) The Scotish- Irish:
mostly Presbyterian
44) In his most famous sermon Joanathan Edwards:
: sinners in the hands of angry god/ talked about hell and the secular world
45) The Navigation Act of 1651
Cormwell rules all goods to either England or colonies
A major cause of the Glorious Revolution in England was James II:
A; parading his Catholicism/ He fled to France/ William and Mary ruling equally
The Glorious Revolution in England:
A: Bill of Rights and toleration act limited monarchy and gave religious freedom
John Locke's contract theory of government argues that:
: people were endowed with materialrights to life, liberty and the right to property
49) In 1678, a defiant Mass. Colony declared the Navigation Acts:
(Wrong)- ignored them and the lords of the trade began legal proceedings against them
50) A writ of assistance was
a search warrant executed by the British allowed unlimited search for evidence of smugglers
51) Of the four major wars involving the European powers and their New World colonies, the climatic conflict Britain and France
7 years war (French and Indian War)
52) From the perspective of their own welfare, the greatest mistake that the Indians made in relation to English was:
not unite to form a greater resistance
53) In 1637, Connecticut colonists went to war with:
Pequot War
54) King Phillip's War:
: Land hungry leaders and mass and conn went to war with Warragsetts in Rhode Island
55) In general, the colonial wars were an American sideshow to larger conflicts in Europe between
France and Britain
56) In 1750:
Virginians crossed the allgheny mountains To trade with indians
57) In the Americans colonies, the Seven Years War was known as
French and Indian War
58) The conflict that beame the French and Indian War began:
: when Washington' and men killed ten French men on a peacefull mission to discuss the disputed fort
59) At Fort Necessity in 1754:
French soldiers attacked
60) The British leader whose policies brought victory in the Seven Years War was
: king George III
Pontiac's Rebellion involved
: Far flung attackers
62) The Cajuns of Louisiana
Acadians from Canada from Nova Scotia
63) The French explorer who followed the Mississippi all the way to the Gulf and who named Louisiana was:
La Salle
64) The decisive battle of the French and Indian War took place at
Quebec- plans of Abraham
65) As a result of the Peace of Paris:
British expelled French and Spanish east of the Mississippi
The leader of English Puritans who established the Massachusetts Bay colony was:
John Winthrop
Many of the South Carolina's initial settlers were planters from:
Barbados and Bermuda