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Math Final Vocabulary- All Terms!
Terms in this set (80)
base (of a power)
the common factor that is multiplied depending on the exponent
the point, represented by the ordered pair (0,0), where the horizontal (x-axis) and vertical (y-axis) number lines intersect in a coordinate plane
equations that have the same solutions
a function that does not have a constant rate of change; a function whose graph is not a line
two figures that have congruent angles and corresponding sides that are proportional
line of fit
a line drawn on a scatter plot close to most of the data points; it can be used to estimate data on a graph
in the expression √4=2, the "2" is referred to as this
in any right triangle, the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs is equal to the square of the length of the hypoteneuse
a linear equation written in the form y=mx+b, where the slope of the line is m and the y-intercept of the line is b
the symbol which is used to represent a square root
x₂-x₁ is used to find what?
a ratio of two quantities with different units
a linear equation in the form ax+by=c, where a and b are both not zero
solution of an equation
a value that makes an equation true
a function that has a constant rate of change and can be written in the form y=mx+b
in a relation, it is paired with the input to create an ordered pair
numbers that have integers as their square roots (ex. 4, 9, 16)
the first coordinate in an ordered pair, which indicates how many units to move to the left or right from the origin
solution to a system of equations
an ordered pair that is a solution of each equation in a system
a pair of numbers (x,y) used to locate a point in a coordinate plane - the first number is the x-coordinate and the second number is the y-coordinate
the y-coordinate of the point where a line crosses the y-axis
a number that can be written as a/b, where a and b are integers and b≠0
the number in front of the variable that is multiplying the variable
a triangle that has one right angle
a graph that shows the relationship between two data sets using ordered pairs in a coordinate plane
the vertical number line in a coordinate plane
addition property of equality
adding the same number to each side of an equation produces an equivalent equation
a symbol that represents one or more numbers
displays two categories of data collected from the same source
system of linear equations
a set or two or more linear equations with the same variables
the property illustrated by this statement:
4(10+2) = 4(10) + 4(2)
a number that cannot be written as the ratio of two integers and is a decimal that never ends and never repeats
the two sides of a right triangles that form the right angle
a relation that pairs each input with exactly one output
a mathematical sentence that uses an equal sign to show that two expressions are equal
a mathematical phrase containing numbers, operations, and/or variables
division property of equality
dividing each side of an equation by the same number produces an equivalent equation
the variable whose value depends on the independent variable in an equation with two variables
in the mathematical expression: 2⁵=32, the "5" is called this
the side of a right triangle that is opposite the right angle
a polygon in which all sides are congruent and all the interior angles are congruent.
a transformation that flips a figure over a line. A mirror image of the original figure is created.
Subtraction Property of Equality
Subtracting the same number from each side of an equation produces an equivalent equation.
Multiplication Property of Equality
Multiplying both sides of an equation by the same amount produces an equivalent equation.
Angles that share a common side and have the same vertex
Figures that have the same size and angles
A coordinate plane is formed by the intersection of a horizontal number line and vertical number line.
Matching angles of two congruent figures
Matching sides that are in the same location in two different figures (between angles that are equal)
A number that, when multiplied by itself, and then multiplied by itself again, equals a given number.
A number multiplied by itself that equals a given number. "3" is a square root of 9.
A transformation in which a figure is made larger or smaller with respect to fixed point called the center of dilation
A transformation in which a figure is rotated around a point.
A transformation created by sliding a figure
Rotations, Reflections, Translations and Dilations
Using PEMDAS to find a numerical answer
An angle that is outside of a shape formed by 1 side of a polygon and an extension of another side.
A number used in a a multiplication problem.
A new shape created by a transformation
The variable in an equation that is the input.
An element of the domain of a function.
An element of the range of a function
Whole numbers and their opposites
Angles inside a polygon
An entry in a two way table that relates two categories
The sum of a row or column in a two way table
Line of Reflection
The line a figure is flipped over.
An equation that when graphed is a straight line
A way to show input and outputs
Two lines that never meet (have the same slope)
A number whose cube root is an integer. For example, 1, 8, 27, 64,.. are perfect cubes
Two lines that meet at right angles
A closed figure made of line segments that do not cross.
Two ratios that are equal
A relationship where there is a constant ratio between two variables
A comparison of two numbers by division
The set up numbers that consists of all rational and irrational numbers. The number line represents all the Real numbers
0,1,2,3,.... is the set of whole numbers
A line that is straight up and down.
A line that is straight across like the horizon
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