Search
Browse
Create
Log in
Sign up
Log in
Sign up
Upgrade to remove ads
Only $2.99/month
Math Final Vocabulary- All Terms!
STUDY
Flashcards
Learn
Write
Spell
Test
PLAY
Match
Gravity
Key Concepts:
Terms in this set (80)
base (of a power)
the common factor that is multiplied depending on the exponent
origin
the point, represented by the ordered pair (0,0), where the horizontal (x-axis) and vertical (y-axis) number lines intersect in a coordinate plane
equivalent equations
equations that have the same solutions
non-linear function
a function that does not have a constant rate of change; a function whose graph is not a line
similar figures
two figures that have congruent angles and corresponding sides that are proportional
line of fit
a line drawn on a scatter plot close to most of the data points; it can be used to estimate data on a graph
square root
in the expression √4=2, the "2" is referred to as this
Pythagorean Theorem
in any right triangle, the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs is equal to the square of the length of the hypoteneuse
slope-intercept form
a linear equation written in the form y=mx+b, where the slope of the line is m and the y-intercept of the line is b
radical sign
the symbol which is used to represent a square root
y₂-y₁
_____
x₂-x₁ is used to find what?
the slope
rate
a ratio of two quantities with different units
standard form
a linear equation in the form ax+by=c, where a and b are both not zero
solution of an equation
a value that makes an equation true
linear function
a function that has a constant rate of change and can be written in the form y=mx+b
output
in a relation, it is paired with the input to create an ordered pair
perfect squares
numbers that have integers as their square roots (ex. 4, 9, 16)
x-coordinate
the first coordinate in an ordered pair, which indicates how many units to move to the left or right from the origin
solution to a system of equations
an ordered pair that is a solution of each equation in a system
ordered pair
a pair of numbers (x,y) used to locate a point in a coordinate plane - the first number is the x-coordinate and the second number is the y-coordinate
y-intercept
the y-coordinate of the point where a line crosses the y-axis
rational number
a number that can be written as a/b, where a and b are integers and b≠0
coefficient
the number in front of the variable that is multiplying the variable
right triangle
a triangle that has one right angle
scatter plot
a graph that shows the relationship between two data sets using ordered pairs in a coordinate plane
y-axis
the vertical number line in a coordinate plane
addition property of equality
adding the same number to each side of an equation produces an equivalent equation
variable
a symbol that represents one or more numbers
two-way table
displays two categories of data collected from the same source
system of linear equations
a set or two or more linear equations with the same variables
distributive property
the property illustrated by this statement:
4(10+2) = 4(10) + 4(2)
irrational number
a number that cannot be written as the ratio of two integers and is a decimal that never ends and never repeats
legs
the two sides of a right triangles that form the right angle
function
a relation that pairs each input with exactly one output
equation
a mathematical sentence that uses an equal sign to show that two expressions are equal
expression
a mathematical phrase containing numbers, operations, and/or variables
division property of equality
dividing each side of an equation by the same number produces an equivalent equation
dependent variable
the variable whose value depends on the independent variable in an equation with two variables
exponent
in the mathematical expression: 2⁵=32, the "5" is called this
hypoteneuse
the side of a right triangle that is opposite the right angle
regular polygon
a polygon in which all sides are congruent and all the interior angles are congruent.
reflection
a transformation that flips a figure over a line. A mirror image of the original figure is created.
Subtraction Property of Equality
Subtracting the same number from each side of an equation produces an equivalent equation.
Multiplication Property of Equality
Multiplying both sides of an equation by the same amount produces an equivalent equation.
Adjacent Angles
Angles that share a common side and have the same vertex
Congruent Figures
Figures that have the same size and angles
Coordinate Plane
A coordinate plane is formed by the intersection of a horizontal number line and vertical number line.
Corresponding Angles
Matching angles of two congruent figures
Corresponding Sides
Matching sides that are in the same location in two different figures (between angles that are equal)
Cube Root
A number that, when multiplied by itself, and then multiplied by itself again, equals a given number.
Square Root
A number multiplied by itself that equals a given number. "3" is a square root of 9.
Dilation
A transformation in which a figure is made larger or smaller with respect to fixed point called the center of dilation
Rotation
A transformation in which a figure is rotated around a point.
Translation
A transformation created by sliding a figure
Transformation
Rotations, Reflections, Translations and Dilations
Evaluate
Using PEMDAS to find a numerical answer
Exterior Angle
An angle that is outside of a shape formed by 1 side of a polygon and an extension of another side.
Factor
A number used in a a multiplication problem.
Image
A new shape created by a transformation
Independent Variable
The variable in an equation that is the input.
Input
An element of the domain of a function.
Output
An element of the range of a function
Integers
Whole numbers and their opposites
Interior Angles
Angles inside a polygon
Joint Frequency
An entry in a two way table that relates two categories
Marginal Frequency
The sum of a row or column in a two way table
Line of Reflection
The line a figure is flipped over.
Linear Equation
An equation that when graphed is a straight line
Mapping Diagram
A way to show input and outputs
Parallel lines
Two lines that never meet (have the same slope)
Perfect Cube
A number whose cube root is an integer. For example, 1, 8, 27, 64,.. are perfect cubes
Perpendicular lines
Two lines that meet at right angles
Polygon
A closed figure made of line segments that do not cross.
Proportion
Two ratios that are equal
Proportional
A relationship where there is a constant ratio between two variables
Ratio
A comparison of two numbers by division
Real Numbers
The set up numbers that consists of all rational and irrational numbers. The number line represents all the Real numbers
Whole Numbers
0,1,2,3,.... is the set of whole numbers
Vertical
A line that is straight up and down.
Horizontal
A line that is straight across like the horizon
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Algebra II Midterm Exam
39 terms
8th Grade Math Vocabulary
48 terms
Math PARCC Review
80 terms
Coordinate Geometry (Imp)
30 terms
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
apush immigration/urbanization notes
23 terms
Gilded Age APUSH
40 terms
Medioambiente
33 terms
Chemistry Gas Chapter 1
13 terms