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the type of replication that DNA utilizes where each new double helix created is formed from one old and one new strand of DNA
DNA Polymerase I
the enzyme in DNA replication that takes out the DNA primer and fills it in with DNA nucleotides
the enzyme in DNA replication that acts as a primase, placing RNA primers to allow for DNA replication to start
an enzyme in DNA replication that fixes the gap between Okazaki fragments by building phosphodiester bonds
single-stranded binding proteins
proteins used in DNA replication that bind to the strands of DNA to prevent them from coiling back up during replication
the point in the DNA where the gyrase and helicase enzymes act to begin replication
the combination of snRNPs and introns that are removed during transcription from the mRNA
3' poly A tail
a tail placed on the mRNA that consists of many adenine nucleotides that helps protect the mRNA
the purpose of ____________ is to conserve resources, insert genes and regulate its production, and regulate protein synthesis
a sugar that binds to the repressor in the lac operon, removes it from the plasmid, and allows for mRNA production to occur
an enzyme coded for in the lac operon that allows for direct import of lactose into the cell
the scientist who injected the R and S strains into mice to determine that DNA is the transforming agent
the scientists that took 6 test tubes of heat killed s strain DNA to determine that DNA is the transforming agent
meselson and stahl
the scientists who figured out that DNA replication is semi-conservative by growing generations of different weights of DNA and centrifuging them to determine new weights
hershey and chase
scientists who tagged a virus with a radioactive sulfur protein and a radioactive phosphorus DNA to confirm that DNA is the genetic material
the scientist who discovered that base pairs are complementary and that the composition of DNA varies
the scientist who took of picture of x-ray diffraction of DNA to determine its double helix structure
watson and crick
the scientists who pooled together information from other scientists to create the first model of a DNA double helix
the viral cycle in which the virus injects the nucleic acid into the cell, it is incorporated, and immediately takes over protein synthesis until the host cell explodes to spread the virus
the viral cycle in which the cycle stops after the nucleic acid is incorporated and the cell continues to live and reproduce with the viral DNA until it reaches an organism or cell where it becomes lytic
the molecular component of the splicesosome that catalyzes the excision reation during mRNA processing
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