Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (139)
During the Middle ages, groups of Monks began living together in monasteries and living by strict code of rules
the king of the franks, clovis, adopted Christianity when he won a difficult battle
charlamagne believed that education should include only training in agriculture and battle skills
the vickings were devout christians who raided muslim areas in part to spread their religoun
serfs had multiple oppritunities to better their social and economic position
in medieval europe, residents of a manor typically traded with other manors as far as 300 miles away
what did monks who joined the benedictine order did what?
took vows of obedience and poverty
through the work of missionaries, a christian society formed that included most of western europe. what was that society called?
why did the pope name charlemagne emperor of the roman people?
to thank him for keeping him in power
what were charlamagnes views on education?
all leaders should learn to read and write
why did europe become a feudal society?
europeans needed to defend themself against constant raids and invasions
which family was the most influentail in the expansion of the franks?
who is considered one of the most important leaders in european history?
why did vikings begin raiding northern europe?
viking farmers could not grow enough food
what were the effects of the feudal system in regaurds to power?
decreased the kings power
what did gregory the great encourage?
voluntary seperation from society to dedicate ones life to god
who was the first to be recognized ruler of all england after he united all of england to fight against the danes?
alfred the great
what were vikings skilled at that allowed them to cross the ocean in search of targets to raid?
who was legally tied to their manor?
what was the land given to a knight for his service to a lord called?
a knight who was given land in exchange for providing service to a lord was called a ?
baldassare castiglione was a diplomat whos book the coutrier have nobles new rules for ideal behavior in renaissance society
gutenberg is given credit for inventing the oil painting
renaissance ideas spread through trade, artists who fled political unrest, and the explosion of printed materials
the renaissance spread from northern italy to northern europe
who created the statues of david and pieta and the ceiling of the sistine chapel?
what statement best describes the importance of italian city states to the renaissance?
knowledge of arts increased as nobles and merchants sought to display their new wealth through patronage
to represent 3d objects in flat paper, renaissance artists studied what?
Humanism was inspired by a renewed interest in
greek and roman culture
william shakspeares works are known for
a deep understanding of human nature
increasing numbers of people learned to read after the mid-1400s because
printed materials became more available
gutenbergs invention has been described as revolutionary because
with easier access to books more people learned to read and more books were printed
who advanced the idea that the end justifies the means?
how did the work of northern renaissance artists differ from italian renaissance painting?
northern painters focused on details of every day life, while italian painters often showed mythological scenes
erasmus work was censored in paris and condemned by church because?
his work called attention to the corruption and immortality of the church
who was a well educated poet from a powerful family in florence who supported the arts/
lorenzo de medici
a movement, person, or group that has a wordley rather than a spiritual focus might be called
who was a highly talented painter, writer, inventor, architect, engineer, mathmatician, musician, philosopher
leanardo da vinci
what emphasized individual accomplishments?
what was a period of renewed interest and remarkable development in art, literature, science, and learning?
john wycliffe was an english lutheran who was tried for heresy and condemned to death
the doctrine of predestination holds that god knows who will be saved and guides the lives of those destined for salvation
the jesuits concentrated on education as a means of combating the protestant reformation
calvinism, anglicanism, and lutherans were three protestant sects that evolved from anabaptism
the ideas of the renaissance, combined with financial corruption, abuse of power, and immortality caused people to start to question priests, monks, and popes
what were the 95 thesis called for?
reforms within the catholic church
what ocured as a result of Martin luthers stand against indulgences?
the protestant reformation began
one outcome of the council of trent was
all seven sacraments were confirmed as legitimate ways to gods grace
what did the edict of worms decree about martin luther?
it made him an outlaw and condemned his writings
what did zwinglism have at its base?
what did the council of trent address?
corruption, and argued for the role of the catholic church in salvation
when martin luther said "my conscience is captive to the word of god" he was referring to his belief in what?
the supremacy of the bible over church policies
what was a result of the protestant reformation in europe?
the power of the catholic church in europe was weakened
according to luther what does salvation come about through?
what did the counter reformation come about as?
a way to strengthen the catholic church as well as to keep catholics from converting to protestantism
what was the basic idea of calvinism?
the protestant reformation represents a turning point in european history because?
it ended religious unity in western europe
what was an impact of the printing press on western europe?
the spread of martin luthers ideas
what were henry the 8th children in order of birth from the oldest to the youngest?
Mary, Elizabeth, Edward
how did Henry the 8th get his annulment by?
cutting off the popes authority with an act of parlament
queen elizabeth of england confronted the dilemma of religous diversity with what?
a policy of religous tolerance
a reform movement in europe that was a reaction to dissatisfaction with the catholic church
the church taught that the pope could grant forgiveness of one's sins through the purchase of?
what was the response to the spread of protestantism by the catholic church?
the counter reformation
what was convened by pope paul lll to examine the criticism made by protestants about catholic practices
the council of trent
who firmly established the church of england once more and grew to be the greatest monarch in englands history?
as a result of the council of trent, the church court of rome known as _ tried people who were accused of being protestant
the effort by the muslim moors to drive the christians from the iberian peninsula was called the reconquista
the goal of the first crusade was to take jerusalem and the are around it known as the holy land, away from the muslim turks who controlled it
fires and the spread of disease were constant threats in medieval cities
many of the written works created during the early middle ages were religous texts because most people did not enjoy reading epics or romances
the conflict between the lancasters and the yorks ended when henry the 8th from the tudor family claimed the throne, beginning a new era in english history
many europeans believed that the black death had been sent by god to punish them for their sins
who began to increase and extend the power of the french monarchy?
what was an effect of the crusades?
european kings gained more political power
why did merchants ask the king for special charters for towns?
they did not want to pay fees to feudal lords
why were many of the written works during the early middle ages religious texts?
few people outside of the clergy could read and write
why did some christians disagree with the ideas of thomas aquanis?
he wanted to mix faith and reason
what was the end result of the war of roses?
a tudor nobleman took the throne beginning a new era in english history
what did the black death lead to?
the collapse of the manor system
who founded new towns during the medieval period?
what did many artists in the middle ages created works of art that displayed?
churches and cathedrals
both chaucer and dante wrote in
who won the 100 years war?
what millitary did the english have over the french in the hundreds year war?
what is a governing body that makes english laws called?
the results of a survey who lived in england, what they owned, and what they could afford to pay in taxes were collected in william the conquerers
what was king john forced to sign?
the magna carta
the - crusade was the only one in which the crusaders achieved their goal
a _ started as a child and spent several years working with a master craftsman
thomas acquanis tried to show an approach known as _ that christian teachings were also knowable and provable through the use of logic
the iroqous built longhouses from elm bark that grew in the desert west
mesoamerica is a region that includes southern mexico and northern central america
the olmec built the first large towns in mesoamerica
the maya, aztecs, and incas all kept written records
the iraqous was actually made up of five different nations
spanish colonization of the americas resulted in the deaths of millions of native americans from overwork, disease and mistreatment on encomiendas
cliff dwellings found in the desert west probably provided what?
protection against attack
what group is known for cliff dwellings?
what culture relied mainly on fishing for food?
why was mesoamerica the site of the first farming settlements in americas because?
the warm temperatures, plentiful rainfall, and fertile soils were ideal for agriculture
what was a major difference between the maya civilization and other civilizations in mesoamerica?
it was much larger than the others
what society built the largest empire in south america?
a set of colored and knotted cords was called a
what was the economy of the inca controlled by?
what caused the end of the inca empire?
the arrival of spanish explorers
what were cultures of the desert west?
the hohokam and the anazi
what did the zapotec, toltec, and maya cultures have in common?
they were all in mesoamerica
how did the aztec empire grow wealthy?
through tribute and trade
what led to the downfall of both the inca empire and the aztec empire?
the arrival of spanish explorers
how were families grouped in the incan society?
in cooperative communities
what was a result of the treaty of tordesillas?
the spanish empire was larger than the portuguese empire
what was the economy if new france based on?
fish and fur trading
why did some native americans help cortes?
the aztecs were unpopular with those they conquered
french settlers in canada were mainly
what did the aztecs require people to do?
in the incan society, families were grouped together in communities called
the first country to launch voyages of exploration was spain
slave labor declined in the americas as a result of the age of exploration
during the mercantilist era, wealth was measured by the amount of land that a nation possessed
colonists in the americas were allowed to sell raw materials to countries other than the home country
some enslaved africans coped with inhumane conditions by trying to keep their cultural traditions alive
sailors could calculate their location based on the position of the sun and stars in relation to the horizon with the
what was the ultimate goal of early portuguese explorers was to
find a water route around africa to india
the ultimate goal of early english, dutch, and french explorers was to
find a passage to asia
the passage by charles d'avenant justifies which of the following?
an increase in business activity due to colonization caused what to be formed?
a new class of wealthier merchants emerged in europe
the spanish used captive africans as
workers on caribbean sugar plantations
a passage by Olaudah Aquiano describes
a slave ship
mercantilists would advocate that a nation should
sell more goods than it buys from foreign countries
why did planters in the americas begin to use african slaves?
disease had killed millions of native americans
how did the renaissance contribute to the age of exploration?
by awakening a spirit of discovery and innovation in europe
what was an effect of the columbian exchange?
the exchange of foods and animals had a dramatic impact on later societys
ferdinands crew was the first people to _ sail around the world
_ is an economic system in which most economic activity is carried on by private individuals or irganizations in order to seek profit
_ refers to the spread of african descent throughout the americas and western europe
_ of portugual established a court for navigators and others interested in exploration
the economic theory of _ held that a nations strength depended on its wealth
Sets with similar terms
World history Review Chapter 13-14 European Middle…
Unit 12 Vocabulary Lessons 1-5
HIST 100 FINAL EXAM
Middle Ages NO PICTURES 7th Grade
Other sets by this creator
Economics Mid term 1
Abnormal urine contents