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WOCS 18-002 Exam 2-2
Terms in this set (95)
What is Counseling?
The process used by leaders to review with a subordinate the subordinate's demonstrated performance and potential.
What are the three types of counseling?
Event, Performance, Professional Growth
What are the Four Stages of the Counseling Process?
1) Identify the need for counseling
2) Prepare for counseling
3) Conduct Counseling
What are some common counseling mistakes leaders make?
1) Personal biases
2) Rash judgments
4) Loss of emotional control
5) Inflexible methods of counseling
6) Improper follow-up
What are the different types of Event Counseling?
1) Instances of superior or substandard performance
2) Reception and integration counseling
3) Crisis Counseling
4) Referral Counseling
5) Promotion Counseling
6) Separation Counseling
In what battle was the tank first used?
Battle of Somme, 1916
What was the most devastating weapon used by infantry during WWI?
The Machine Gun
What was the most popular rifle in the U.S. Army during WWI?
Springfield M1903 Rifle
In what battle was poison gas (chlorine gas) first used as a weapon?
Battle of Ypres 1915
What method of protection was used for poison gas (chlorine gas)?
Handkerchiefs soaked in urine to cover their face.
Leader development comprises of what?
The training, education and experiences gained in schools, organizations and the individual's own self-development.
Units that are proficient in the fundamentals can more easily ______________?
Integrate and master the more complex collective tasks.
Growth occurs best in environments that provide subordinates with opportunities to _________________?
Overcome obstacles and make difficult decisions.
An effective leader _________ a subordinate's _________ and helps him or her ________ __________?
Maximizes, Strengths, Overcome weaknesses.
Information in training and leader development schedules includes, but is not limited to:
The training audience, when and where the training will be conducted, the individual responsible for the training, the uniform, and the equipment.
What was the first U.S. Army combat formation to deploy from Japan to South Korea in the opening days of the Korean War to stop the Southward progress of the North Korean combat units?
Task Force Smith
When was Air Cavalry Born?
During the "Ia Drang Campaign" in Nov 1965.
What strategy did the NVA learn was more effective in fighting the U.S. Army?
Guerilla operations was more effective in fighting the technologically sophisticated and well armed airmobile troops.
Which battle caused the French to pull out of Vietnam and was the last battle in the Indochina War?
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu
By 1970 what policies came into existence?
"MAD" Mutual Assured Destruction policies
On 25 June 1950 DPRK (North Korea) attacked ROK (South Korea) officially declaring?
North Korea announced a formal declaration of war, officially beginning "The Korean War."
What are the three stages of revolutionary warfare?
Defensive, Equilibrium, Counteroffensive
What are three of the most significant new technologies introduced during the Vietnam War?
Helicopter, Smart Bomb (Laser Guided), Infrared Scopes
What was a huge defeat for the Communists during the Vietnam War?
What was the main goal of Vietnamization?
Turn the War over to the SVN forces as U.S. Troops departed.
What is Event Counseling?
Counseling that involves a specific event or situation.
What are some examples of Event Counseling?
1. Instances of superior or substandard performance.
2. Reception and Integration Counseling.
3. Crisis Counseling
4. Referral Counseling
5. Promotion Counseling
6. Separation Counseling
What is Performance Counseling?
Performance counseling is the review of a subordinate's duty performance over a certain period.
What is Professional Growth Counseling?
Forward-looking guidance intended to help the subordinate envision and achieve their personal and professional goals.
What key characteristics will enhance the counselors personal effectiveness?
What are some examples of leader qualities?
1. Respect for subordinates
2. Self and Cultural awareness
What are the three key skills to assist leaders in counseling?
1. Active Listening
What is DA Form 67-10-1 and DA Form 67-10-1A?
Company Grade Officer Evaluation Report, Officer Evaluation Report Support Form
What are the three main approaches to counseling?
When preparing for counseling what are the seven areas needed to be successful?
1. Select a suitable place
2. Schedule the time
3. Notify the subordinate well in advance
4. Organize information
5. Outline the components of the Counseling session using the information available
6. Plan the counseling strategy
7. Establish the right atmosphere
What were the four main Reasons for War during WWI?
What did the European nations expect WWI to be?
Short and Glorious
What are the reasons for the U.S. getting involved in WWI?
1. Unrestricted submarine warfare
2. American propaganda stressed German barbarism
3. German dictatorship - "Making the world safe for Democracy"
4. U.S. business interests
5. Zimmerman note - Germany asked Mexico to enter the War against the U.S.
What was the Schlieffen Plan?
The German War plan that called for an attack passing through Belgium to capture Paris, France.
When did the US declare war during WWI?
President Wilson sent what force to the Western Front?
American Expeditionary Force (AEF) under the command of General John Pershing.
The African American troops with the U.S. Army that along side the French Army were called the _________?
Harlem Hell Fighters
What was a significant element during WWI?
In what battle did the British fail to destroy machine gun posts and barbed wire with artillery, causing over 1,250,000 deaths (inability to adjust doctrine to modern technology).
Battle of Somme Nov 1916
What did the French build in response to the German threat of invasion during the Battle of Verdun?
A continuous line of sunken forts in hopes that an invading Army would not be able to maneuver through it.
The attempt during the Battle of Verdun was to achieve a decision through a battle of ________?
What was the direct cause of the Allies winning the Battle of Vimy Ridge, one of the Germans' strong positions, in only a few days?
Canadian General Arthur Currie had the troops practice maneuvers and strategies over and over again.
What battle during WWI was the battlefield once beneath the North Sea, causing the drainage ditches to be destroyed and the land to be full of water and mud?
Battle of Passchendaele July 1917
What were the five treaties that emerged from the Paris Peace Conference (Versailles Treaty) that dealt with the defeated powers?
Named after the Paris suburbs: Versailles (Germany), Sr Germain (Austria), Trianon (Hungary), Neuilly (Bulgaria) and Serves (Turkey)
Many people in France and Britain were angry with the Versailles Treaty because of?
No trial of the Kaiser or the other War Leaders.
During WWI there was a total failure to revise _______ to meet new __________.
What is the minimum TIG for WO1 to CW2?
2 years (WOBC Complete and otherwise qualified)
What is the minimum TIG for CW2 to CW3?
4 years (Action Officer Development Course and WOAC Complete and otherwise qualified)
What is the minimum TIG for CW3 to CW4?
5 years (WOILE Complete and otherwise qualified)
What is the minimum TIG for CW4 to CW5?
5 years (WOSSE Complete and otherwise qualified)
What does DA PAM 600-3 cover?
Commissioned Officer Professional Development and Career Management
What does DA PAM 611-21 cover?
Military Occupational Classification and Structure
What does NGR 600-101 cover?
Warrant Officers -- Federal Recognition and Personnel Actions (Only applies to WOs in ARNG)
What are some items of particular interest during your ORB audit?
1. Duty Assignments
2. Availability Date (Active Only) MOS
3. Overseas Service
4. Military Education and Training
7. Physical Exam
8. Data Current Photo
What are the five primary reasons Officers and Warrant Officers are distributed?
1. To Key Developmental Assignments
2. Broadening Assignments
3. Professional Military Education
4. Special Considerations (MACP, EFMP, Compassionate, etc.)
5. Excess to Shortage
What degree or equivalent is recommended at 5 years of Warrant Officer Service (Active) / 8 years (RC)?
Associate Degree or Equivalent
What degree is recommended at the CW4 Promotion Point (13th year of Warrant Officer Service)?
What degree is recommended at the CW5 Promotion Point?
Continuing graduate studies
What are the eight Elements of Thought?
2. Question at Issue
4. Interpretation and Inference
7. Implications and Consequences
8. Point of View
What are the nine Intellectual Standards?
What is creative thinking?
Creative thinking is coming up with something new or original that has value.
What are the three Tools to Enhance Creative Thinking?
1. Making a list of what you need to think critically and creatively can be very effective.
3. Mind Mapping
What are the two types of techniques that can be used to avoid pitfalls in thinking?
1. Diagnostic Techniques
2. Contrarian Techniques
What are the three common thinking barriers to Critical and Creative Thinking?
1. The Right Answer (We most often see what we're looking for)
2. That's Not Logical
3. Follow the Rules
What is Truth #1 of the SOF Truths?
Humans are more important than hardware.
What are the typical characterizations of Special Operations?
1. Time Sensitive
3. Low Visibility *
4. Conducted with or through indigenous forces.
5. Require Regional Expertise
6. High Degree of Risk
What is Truth #2 of the SOF Truths?
Quality is better than quantity.
What is Truth #3 of the SOF Truths?
Special Operations Forces cannot be mass produced.
What is Truth #4 of the SOF Truths?
Competent Special Operations Forces cannot be created after emergencies occur.
What is Truth #5 of the SOF Truths? (Also known as the long lost Truth)
Most Special Operations require Non-SOF assistance.
What are the two types of Direct Counseling?
1. Corrective Training
What is the preferred approach in most counseling situations?
What are the four different phases of the counseling session? (Not a Rigid Sequence)
Open the Session
Discuss the Issue
Develop a Plan of Action
Record and Close the Session
The development and improvement of weapons, aircraft, and other technologies during WWI produced what?
The most significant change in our modern Army, more than any other War in American history.
What aircraft became the first standard Allied bomber in the early years of WWI?
When did the first Zeppelin raid take place?
London, May 1915
What method did the German Army use in preparation for WWII?
They trained in mock tanks and flew out of modified civilian airfields developing new tactics.
What operation required massive buildup and deception operation (Mincemeat), placing false papers on bodies placed in the ocean?
What battle during WWII was one of the largest tank engagements in world history?
Battle of Kursk
What was the largest seaborne invasion in history?
D-Day, 6 Jun 1944
What was the most important lesson of the Korean War?
The rudiment of fire and maneuver on foot.
What was and early turning point in the Korean War?
What technologically advanced weapons systems were introduced during the Gulf War?
Satellites (GPS, Communications), Computer Viruses, Stealth Technology
What was the overall objective in Operation Desert Storm?
To liberate Kuwait
What were the four phases Gen. Schwarzkopf conceived in the campaign against Iraq?
Phase I - Air Attacks strike Iraq
Phase II - Gain Air Superiority
Phase III - Air Attacks reduce group forces and destroy ability to use chemicals
Phase IV - Ground forces with air support would eject Iraq from Kuwait
What do the Elements of Thought provide?
A framework for analyzing thinking.
What do the Intellectual Standards of Thought provide?
Criteria critical thinkers use to assess the quality of thinking.
What is Critical Thinking?
The art of analyzing, evaluating, and reconstructing one's thinking with a goal of improving it.
What is the Diagnostic Technique?
A procedure followed to avoid the pitfall
What is the Contrarian Technique?
When you directly challenge an assumption or outcome.
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