Unit 2 Exam
Terms in this set (52)
Turning point battle of Revolution...convinced France to be allies with Colonies and showed that the colonies could win the war
Wrote Common Sense which persuaded colonies to support the struggle of independence from Britain
Freedom of Speech
Citizens must be allowed to discuss ideas with each other
Enlightenment philosopher who came up with Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, Property which all people are born with
Purpose of Representative Gov.
make sure all people had a voice in governement
Charles Montesquieu, John Locke, Ben Franklin
Rule of Law
Everyone must follow the law even our leaders
Bernardo de Galvez
Spanish military leader who assisted the Continental Army during the Revolution
1st form of self government in the colonies that was created by the Pilgrims at Plymouth
Tyrant who taxed the colonies without their representation
Commander of the Continental Army
Purpose of Freedom of Press
to spread information freely
people vote for a representative who will make laws and run the government for the people
Declaration of Independence written
Rights that cannot be taken away like life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
Proclamation of 1763
colonists were not allowed to settle west of the Appalachian mountains until they paid the French and Indian War Debt
Believed women should have a role in government after the Revolution
Last battle of Revolution...Lord Cornwallis surrendered the British army to George Washington
Lexington and Concord
First battle of the American Revolution also known as the "shot heard around the world"
Chief Diplomat for the colonies during the revolution...convinced France to be the colonies ally
person who was shot at the Boston Massacre
Mercy Otis Warren
Wrote plays and poems about the need for freedom and boycotts during the revolution. She also supported women's rights in the new government.
Treaty of Paris
peace treaty that officially ended the American Revolution
Marquis de Lafayette
French aristocrat who fought in the Continental Army and helped build the alliance between the French and Colonists
Revolution leader who used his financial skills and personal fortune to fund the Continental Army
Revolution leader who said "Give me liberty or give me death" which means freedom is worth dying for.
African American who spied on the British for the Continental Army...information uncovered led to many colonial victories including Yorktown
Direct Taxation of Colonies
Major cause of the American Revolution
England's economic system where England benefited from colonial trade...cause of revolution
KG3 law that allowed British soldiers to take colonists homes
Purpose of Declaration of Independence
to state the colonist grievances against KG3, to formally Declare their independence from England, and establish the United States of America
Laws created by KG3 as a consequence for the Boston Tea Party...They closed Boston Harbor and ended self government in New England
Taxation without representation
reason the colonists were upset at KG3's Acts (Sugar, Stamp, Townshend, Tea)
Geography Effect of Treaty of Paris 1783
U.S. won all land east of the Mississippi River
event where British soldiers shot innocent colonists who were protesting unfair taxes
Leader of the Son's of Liberty and organizer of the Boston Tea Party
Continental Armies winter camp where they endured great hardships but continued to fight under these difficult conditions
Purpose of Government
Governments are created to protect the people and they get their power from the people. If government fails it is the right of the people to change their governemnt
House of Burgesses
1st Representative assembly in the colonies
Effect of French and Indian War
England goes into debt and KG3 begins taxing the American Colonies
Effect of Stamp Act
Colonist led by Son's of Liberty began to boycott British goods
Albany Plan of Union
First attempt to unite the colonies in defense where Ben Franklin created the Cartoon "Join, or Die"
Taxation without Representation
main reason colonies felt Britain's taxes were unfair. Colonies wanted a voice and representation
Influence of Declaration of Independence
Provides justification for revolting against unjust governments. If a government fails to protect the rights of the people then the people can alter or abolish that government and create a new government.
Examples of Colonial Civil Disobedience
Boston Tea Party, Boycotts, Committees of Correspondence, First Continental Congress
Battles of American Revolution
"Losers such your toes"
1st Lexington and Concord
Saratoga (Turning Point)
Yorktown (Last battle)
Treaty of Paris (Official end of Revolution)
Thomas Paine's "The Crisis"
Pamphlet written to inspire the soldiers in the Continental Army to continue serving under difficult conditions like Valley Forge
Doing what is best for your country and serving like enlisting in army, serving on a jury, voting, running for office, following laws, and charity work. Ben Franklin once said this was the key to keeping a Republic.
U.S. Borders outlined by Treaty of Paris
- Florida as the Southern border of the United States
- Mississippi River as the western border of the United States
- Canada as the northern border of the United States
Commander of the Continental Army and believed a permanent trained army was the only way to defeat England.
Complaints found in the Declaration of Independence such as:
"Taxing us without our consent"
"Quartering large bodies of troops among us"
"Depriving us of Trial by Jury"
Reasons for England's surrender at Yorktown
1. Washington trapped Cornwallis on a peninsula at Yorktown
2. French navy fleet arrived and blockaded Yorktown
3. Cornwallis ran out of supplies and could not be reinforced
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