104 terms

The Scarlet Letter Summer Homework Vocabulary

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utopia
an imaginary place considered to be perfect or ideal
ponderous
slow and clumsy because of great weight; unwieldy, dull, excessively solemn
edifice
a large, imposing or elaborate building or structure
portal
a grand and imposing entrance (often extended metaphorically)
inauspicious
unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future
physignomy
facial features or expression, especially indicative of character or ethnic origin
indubitable
certain, unquestionable, impossible to doubt
meagre
inadequate, scanty, paltry, modest, deficient, negligible, miserly, niggardly, beggarly
transgress
to violate a law, command, moral code
scaffold
a raised wooden platform where people were publicly hanged or beheaded
impropriety
something improper, incorrect; not appropriate
malefactress
a woman who violates the law or does evil
beadle
a minor parish (church) officer dealing with petty offenders
evanescent
soon passing out of sight, memory, or existence; quickly fading or disappearing; light and airy
ignominy
public shame, disgrace, or dishonor
iniquity
a gross injustice, evil act, a sin
visage
the countenance conveyed by a person's face; appearance of a person
ordeal
a severe experience or trial; a primitive test believed to determine innocence supernaturally (ordeal by fire or water)
pillory
a wooden framework with holes for the head and hands, to confine and expose someone to public abuse
mien
a person's look or manner, especially that indicate character or mood
preternatural
beyond normal or natural
phantasmagoric
fantastic or deceptive, like in a dream or an optical illusion
remonstrance
a forcefully reproachful protestation; objection
heterogeneous
composed of different kinds, diverse
infamy
well known but for something bad
melancholy
a feeling of pensive sadness, typically with no obvious cause
lurid
very vivid in color, especially unpleasantly harsh or unnatural; showing a lack of restraint; shocking, revolting,
writhe
continual twisting, squirming movements or contortions; squirm, wriggle
peremptory
insisting on immediate attention or obedience, especially in a brusquely imperious way
efficacy
the ability to produce a desired or intended result
expostulate
an exclamation of protest or remonstrance or reproof
appall
greatly dismay or horrify
besmirch
damage the reputation of (someone or something); to make dirty or discolored
inscrutable
impossible to understand or interpret, obscure
retribution
punishment or revenge for an act of wrongdoing, even in the next life
emolument
compensation, pay, salary, a fee, or profit from employment or office
commiseration
a feeling of sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others
superfluous
extra, unnecessary, more than enough
ascetic
severe self-discipline and abstention from earthy pleasures, typically for religious reasons
revile
to scold using abusive language
contumacious
stubbornly or willfully disobedient to authority
talisman
a trinket or piece of jewelry used for good luck or protection from evil
incredulity
unwilling or unable to believe something
mutability
ability to change in form; fickleness or tendency to change
perpetuate
tmake something continue indefinitely, typically an undesirable situation or unfounded belief
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
labyrinth
complex system of paths or tunnels, a maze
dauntless
bold, fearless, determined
tame
make less strong or intense; to domesticate an animal
draught
a serving of drink (usually alcoholic) drawn from a keg; the British spelling of draft
panoply
a magnificent or impressive array; a protective covering
expatiate
explaining in great detail in speech or writing
indefeasible
not capable of being undone or voided
requital
the act of making repayment; the return for an injury
emaciated
extremely thin; wasted away
retribution
punishment as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act
appellation
name; title
exemplary
serving as a desirable model; representing the best of its kind
sagacity
keenness of perception; soundness of judgment; wisdom
abode
the place where one lives; home
commodious
spacious, roomy, comfortable
somniferous
tending to produce sleep
somnambulism
walking or doing something while asleep, sleepwalking
scurrilous
coarsely abusive, vulgar or low, foul-mouthed, spreading scandalous claims to damage someone's reputation
jest
a joke or the act of joking
zealously
with great energy or enthusiasm
benign
pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
propensity
an inclination to do something
transfiguration
a striking change in appearance, character, circumstances; complete change to a more beautiful or spiritual state
obviate
to remove a need or difficulty; to avoid or prevent
remorse
a feeling of deep regret (usually for some misdeed)
acquiesce
to agree or consent without protest
propinquity
being close to someone or something; within the proximity of
sere
dry and withered
verdure
fresh, rich vegetation
sedulous
showing dedication, diligence, determination
deleterious
causing harm or damage
enigma
a puzzle, mystery, or riddle
asperity
harshness of tone or manner
impute
to lay responsibility or blame
loquacity
excessive talkativeness
despondency
depression, low spirits from loss of courage or hope; dejection
misanthropy
hatred, dislike, or distrust of humankind
satiate
to fully satisfy
extenuate
to act in such a way as to cause an offense to seem less serious
hypocrite
a person who professes beliefs and opinions that he does not hold
machination
plot or scheme
expiate
atone for sins, make amends
irrevocable
impossible to retract or revoke
solace
comfort or consolation in a time of distress or sadness
stigma
a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person
dryad
a nymph inhabiting a forest or a tree, especially an oak tree
mollify
appease or ease the anger or anxiety of (someone)
gesticulate
using gestures while speaking for emphasis
vicissitude
a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant
jocular
joking, good humor
contiguous
quite close or connected in space or time
necromancy
communicating with the dead, especially predict the future; witchcraft, sorcery, voodoo
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing
celestial
of heaven or the spirit; of the sky; supremely good
tumult
a state of commotion, noise and confusion
nugatory
of little or no value, trifling, worthless, useless
antipathy
a strong dislike, a hostile feeling
escutcheon
shield bearing a coat of arms
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