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Texas Gov. Exam 2
Terms in this set (52)
what are the duties of the Texas legislators?
pass laws, adopts state budget, creates and oversees state agency, conducts hearings and investigations, provides constituent services
What are the powers of the Speaker of the House?
all above on test
What are the powers of the President of the Senate?
the President of the Senate is not a senator and does not vote on all issues before the Senate, he only has a tie-breaking vote.
Types of committees
meets in between sessions of legislature
How can a bill become a law in Texas? 3 ways
- the governor can sign it
-legislature overrides gubernatorial veto
-after 10 days, without a signature or veto, the bill automatically becomes a law
have a statewide application
apply to a specific geographic area
provide exceptions to general laws for specific individuals or types of property
requires approval of both houses and do not require executive approval, used for amendment process
approved by house and senate
approved by only 1 chamber house or senate
approved by one house and sent to the other house for approval
when it's passed by both houses
What are the criticisms of the Texas legislature (problem areas)?
low salaries, short sessions of legislature,few interest group regulations, too much power in hands of presiding officers
Which group has the least influence over legislative behavior?
Does the Texas constitution require the legislature to balance the budget?
Are legislative salaries established specifically in the Texas constitution?
What are the reasons the governor's powers are weak?
Abuses of power by Gov. Davis, individualistic political culture, and voters always reject constitutional amendments to give the governor more power
Who is our current governor?
Who is our current lieutenant governor?
What are the formal powers of the governor?
Governor cannot independently pardon
What are the governor's removal powers?
Cannot independently remove members of the state boards and commissions
Why is the lieutenant governor the most powerful official in Texas?
president of senate, chairperson of the legislative budget board, secede governor
Which cabinet member is the state's chief legal officer?
Which cabinet member is responsible for the collection of state taxes?
comptroller of public Accounts
Which cabinet member is responsible for environmental protection?
Commissioner of the General land office
Which cabinet member is the only one appointed instead of elected?
secretary of state
Which cabinet member enforces all agricultural laws? (title only)
commissioner of Agriculture
Are the governor's informal powers more important than his formal powers?
State Board of Education and Texas Railroad Commission
Texas railroad commision
no longer regulate intrastate railroad transportation , regulates all mining and extraction industry, controls intrastate road transportation
State Board of education
single member district election, responsible for policy making, oversight of the Texas education agency, including textbook selection
What are the two highest courts in Texas?
Supreme court and Court of Criminal Appeals
Which of the Justices does not require legal training?
justices of the peace
Which court does not have appellate juristriction?
justice of the peace and municipal court
In which court do felony cases begin?
Jurisdiction for supreme
civil and juvinile
jurisdiction for Court of criminal appeals
The death penalty starts at the district level then
they are automatically directed to the court of criminal appeals
What two courts were created to free up the judge of Judicial responsibilities?
The County Courts at Law and they Probate Courts
Which Jury does not determine the guilt or innocence of the accused?
The Grand Jury
In Texas all judges are selected to serve in office by?
gubernatorial appointment, governor appoints, senate confirms, unlimited terms
Gov. appoints, senate confirms, they serve one term and then come up for election
judicial panel recommends, then it is like Appointment Retention
opening statements, preponderance of the evidence, verdict non-unanimous
closing argument, beyond reasonable doubt, unanimous verdict
gone to prison
has not gone to jail
Texas leds the nation in
overcrowding prisons and prison construction
the plead bargain is
An agreement between a prosecutor and defendant whereby the defendant is allowed to plead guilty to a lesser charge rather than risk conviction for a graver crime in order to avoid a protracted trial or to win the defendant's cooperation as a witness
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