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Terms in this set (43)
In an electrically neutral atom, the number of ____ and _____ are always equal.
protons and electrons
Atoms _____ are isotopes of the same element
x and Z (Same number of protons but different number in neutrons)
The center of the atom is the:
The ______number of an element gives the number of protons and electrons in the atom while the _______number gives the total number of protons and neutrons.
Atomic and mass
Which of the following is not an subatomic particle?
An aluminum isotope consists of the following subatomic particles in the table above. Its mass number is:
A covalent bond is:
a pair of electrons being shared between atoms
K—Cl is a(n)____ bond.
The yeast in the lab produced
ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide is produced from the sugar in the molasses.
The variable in the experiment with the yeast in the fermentation tube was
Temperature of the system
The use of the senses (touch, taste, sight, and sound) make ____ observations.
Data such as "10 grams" is referred to as ___________.
Referring to the graph of temperature and heart rate, of zebra fish is what type of relationship?
direct (as the temperature increases, the heart rate increases)
Osmosis is a special case of
If a cell is placed in a hypotonic solution, which will occur?
Water will move into the cell from the surrounding solution.
Which type of solution has a higher percentage of solute than that of the cell?
The solution causes the lamp to glow, then what type of solute is present in the solution?
Oxygen enters the blood from the alveoli in the lungs by the process of:
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane is called
When put in an isotonic environment, an animal cell will
Diffusion occurs because:
molecules constantly move and collide with each other.
The movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration is called _____.
If the two chemicals were placed on the agar at the same time, why has the potassium permanganate diameter greater than the methylene blue?
Lighter molecules move faster than heavier molecules at the same temperature.
What is the term for a substance that provides ions when dissolved in water?
package of protein
site of protein systhesis
Production of ATP
site of photosythesis
digests/recycles cell parts
store wastes, water
huge chunk blue, pink, purple
lines and spots
dots purple and blue
looks like red sperms
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Midterm Study Guide
Diffusion/Osmosis, Diffusion and Osmosis
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