average precipitation, temperature and winds over a long period of time
tilt on axis
unusually warm water in the Pacific
unusually cold water in the Pacific
effects of el nino
severe rain and drought
effects of la nina
severe winters and hurricanes
short term climate change
la nina and el nino
gradual increase of earth's temperature
trap energy in the atmosphere
Earth's atmosphere traps solar energy
levels of carbon dioxide
increase global temperature
hole in the ozone
created by chloroflourocarbons
chemicals used in air conditioners, refrigerators and aerosols
result of ozone depletion
increased UV radiation
causes skin cancer and eye damage
use of CFCs
reduced in 1990 and eliminiated in 2010
formed from the remains of organisms that lived millions of years ago
activities that benefit society without degrading the environment
activities that benefit society but degrade the environment
the amount of resources we use
cheapest and dirtiest fossil fuel
examples of non renewable resources
coal, oil, natural gas, petroleum, gasoline
examples of renewable resources
wind, solar, water, geothermal
efficient but produces dangerous waste
fossil fuel formation
takes millions of years to form
used in nuclear reactors
The characteristic of the atmosphere for a region on Earth over a longer time period (seasons, years etc.)
This is where less solar radiation reaches the earth because of increased cloud and/or gas cover in the atmosphere
The process of gases being trapped inside earth's atmosphere and causing the earth to become warmer than it naturally would be.
Gases that are present in the greenhouse effect. Ex: Water vapor, CO2, CH4, and CFCs
Self-Enhancing in the warming effect; Makes it worse, this increase in air pollution leads to another increase and another =global warming
An increase which leads to a decrease. Self-regulation. GOOD.
This effect deflects wind in a pattern creating 3 cells of air circulation in each hemisphere. Atmospheric circulation works with the tilt of the earth and what is going on with the latitudes and etc of the planet. It depends what area you are at as to what pressure level there will be. There is a total of six different zones of circulation.
This is the lower part of Earth's atmophere where weather takes place.
This is above the troposhere and this is where atmospheric waming takes place with inceases in altitude.
Inner most layer of atmosphere; 75% of weight
Second layer of atmosphere; Filters 95% of UV rays
Primary Air Pollutant
Chemical added by humans or natural causes
Secondary Air Pollutant
Chemical produced when primary pollutant reacts with air
Protects the Earth from UV rays
Complex mixture of chemicals that is harmful to one's health
Environmental Protection Agency
Responsible for managing federal efforts to control pollution
Clean Air Acts
In charge of protecting the ozone layer
A condition in which the upper air temperature increases rather than decreases
Pollution from industries
A complex mixture of air pollutants
Falling of acids into atmosphere
Warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere
Cut emission of CFCs into atmosphere by 35%
the direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas
energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles
Movement of energy from one place or object to another
Rate of change
describes how a quantity is changing over time
energy from the sun
release of nuclear particles and energy from unstable atomic nuclei
The ability to do work or cause change.
Energy in motion
A form of energy that travels through space as waves.
an insrument with a prism used to find out the elements of a star
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is the hypothetical temperature at which all molecular motion stops.
the action of a wave bouncing off an object
the amount of energy in a light or sound wave, which we perceive as brightness or loudness, as determined by the wave's amplitude
State of matter
a physical property that describes matter as a solid, liquid, or gas
the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1g of a substance 1 degree Celsius
a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition
A ______ is any substance that has no definite shape and has the ability to flow
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.