Honors US History I: Unit 2 Jeffersonian Democracy
Terms in this set (8)
What advice did George Washington give in his Farewell Address regarding political parties, America's foreign policy and the nation's credit?
In his Farewell Address, George Washington advised the nation to be careful with political parties because they may divide tha nation. Also, he warned the danger of long term alliances with foreign nations. Finally, he said taxes must be required and paid in revenue.
What two political parties emerged in the wake of Washington's presidency?
In the wake of Washington's presidency, the two political parties that formed were the federalists led by Alexander Hamilton, and the Democratic Republicans led by Thomas Jefferson.
Who won the election of 1800? Why is it considered a "revolution?"
The election of 1800 was won by Thomas Jefferson. It was considered a revolution, because Jefferson wanted to restore what he saw as the republican ideals against the strong givernment policies
What was Jefferson's vision of an ideal America, also known as "Jeffersonian Democracy?" Be sure to mention ideas regarding the size/role of the central government, interpretation of the Constitution, civil liberties, agrarian democracy, international commerce/technology, Western expansion, natives Americans, slavery.
Tomas Jefferson's vision of ideal America was strong local and state governments that rooted in popular partcicipation, because he distrusted a string centeal government and the rich. Also, he believed in a strict interpretation of the constitution, unlike Hamilton who believed in a loose interpretation of the constitution. Furthermore, he believed an ideal nation should have string civil liberties that can protect it from the central government. Jefferson supported agrarian democracy because he favored a soicety of farmer citizens over commerce and industry. During his presidency, Jefferson supported western expansion explaining why he purchased Louisiana from france and funded the Lewis and Clark expidition to explore the territory. Jefferson did not support the Native Americans because of their resistance and danger during western expansion. Although slavery was not an issue during or prior to Jefferson's presidency, he did support slaver due to his southern culture and former slaveholder.
What did Marbury v. Madison establish?
Marbury v. Madison established judicial review in the supreme court. This was the ability of the Supreme Court to declare an act of congress unconstitutional.
Which president purchased the Louisiana Territory? From whom? What is the significance of this purchase?
Jefferson purchased the Louisiana territory during his first term of presidency. He purchased it from France under the leadership of Napoleon. This significance of this purchase is thta it doubled the territory in America and gave him enough popularity to go on to his second term of presidency.
Which two men did Jefferson send on an expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory in 1804?
Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark on an expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory in 1804 for its unknown plant life and animals.
Why did Jefferson recommend that Congress pass an embargo on all foreign trade in December 1807? What were some results of this embargo?
In response to Britain's naval blockade on France's trade from America, British impressment of American citizens, and the Chesapeake incident, Jefferson recommended that Congress pass an embargo on al foreign trace in December 1807 to hurt Britain and other European powers and force them to honor American neutrality. The embargo severly hurt America's economy and Comgress lifted the ban of foreign trade except for Britain and France.
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