Music History 412 Final Exam
Terms in this set (80)
Influence of Wagnerian Style in the genre of Lied
His Operas are inspired by Wagner and Mozart
Who is the Knight that's represented by the _violin________, __solo cello______, and the _English horn in Don Quixote?
Sancho Panza By: Strauss
tone-color-melody, splits the musical (Melody) line between several instruments.
Introduced MODERN CONCERT ETTIQUITE. WOULD STARE AT YELLING BABIES AND STOP ORCHESTRA.
Symphonies: 9 finished 10 total
light opera with spoken dialogue
A group of lied that tells a story for voice and orchestra (Mahler)
Orchestral Song Cycle Ex. Kindertotenlieder
Which composer was not allowed in the The Mighty Handful?
A group of Russian Composers seeking to free themselves of the German ____Symphony,
French _____Ballet, and Italian ______Opera
19th century multi-movement orchestral programmatic tone poem.
They received Patron from Nadezha von Meck
Tchaikovsky and Debussy
What is different about Tchaikovsky's Symphonies
Mvt III: Fast March (normally a Minuet and trio or scherzo)
Mvt IV: Slow (normally a fast movement)
Folk Melodies/Dances (polka) were used by?
Programatic music for orchestra that conveys a poetic idea, story, scene, or succession of moods by presenting themes that are repeated, varied, or transformed.
Symphonic Tone Poems
Challenge to US to find an "Authentic American Voice"
used Folk Music: Native and African Traditions
What is a Religious song of Southern Slaves, Often voice with piano accompaniment (Anton Dvořák)
Studies Brahms and learns from his works
Amy Cheney Beach and Schoenberg
Broke Belief that Women Could Not Compose Large Scale Works by being a BEACH
The works included:
The Mass__, The Symphony_, The concerto , and the _____Quintet
The King Of Ragtime
. Scott Joplin
What was the 2nd opera by Joplin?
When was Joplin's 2nd Opera Treemonisha performed?
After the Civil Rights movement
Lowered Scale Degrees _3___, __5__, and ___7_.
African American Women sing with Piano or Small Combo accompaniment
Choose the Composer to best represent The Golden Age of Tin Pan Alley
a new tune over a harmonic progression barrowed from another work.
Consists of Small Combos: rhythm section and instrumental soloist
Used Parallel Motion in Sonorities and Planning
Did the Mighty Handful only include Russian members?
Which piece uses Planning
What is New Objectivity and Which composers represents it
Composers value a work for form and function; Weill and Hindemith
Who uses Anti-Sentimental Music:
Who used Blues notes?
Against the Romantic nationalism and emotionalism, revival of the Baroque and Classical genres
Who was an Ethnomusicologist
A single pitch is the tonal center through repetition. They use different motives to create it.
Second Viennese School
Schoenberg, Berg and Webern
Who use atonality and The emancipation of the dissonance
What's The emancipation of the dissonance
freeing dissonance from the need to
resolve to a consonance
Music that avoids a tonal center. No longer consonant and dissonant
Speaking voice, uses exact rhythm, gliding tones (or approximating the pitches) in voice with exact rhythm.
Which composers use Sprechstimme?
Arnold Schoenberg and Babbit
repeated rhythmic pattern that adds continuity
Original form, Augmentation, and Diminution
Composer with Expressionist Music (Expressionist Opera)
Stravinskys 3 Compositional Periods
Russian Nationalistic, Neo-Classical, Serialism
French Composers, sought to free their art from foreign domination
FORCED TO LEAVE HIS OWN COUNTRY TO SAVE HIS LIFE DUE TO THE NAZIS COMING INTO POWER
High quality young amateur music that is modern. Useful music
Composed Gebrauchmusik and his work was considered Cultural Bolshevism
Uses: Talea, Nature
Sounds like a bird "coo coo
Who Uses Metric Modulation?
transition is made from one tempo and meter to another through an Intermediary stage that shares aspects of both that shares aspects so that the 8th note stays the same all the way through.
was attacked in the Pravada, a Communist Newspaper, for his Modernist Music
Music not performed or published to avoid difficulty with the soviet government. He feared for his families life so he did not publish his 4th symphony.
Music for the Drawer (Shostakovich)
Who creates Atonality and unknowingly answers Dvořák's challenge to find "an Authentic American Sound"?
Who all uses the piano as a percussion instrument:
Ives, Cowell, Cage,
Influenced by Jazz, Mexican Folk Songs and Hymns
vertically combining consonant and dissonant notes of a diatonic scale
Same thing frontwards and backwards)
What is Polystylism and who uses it
Quotation of music from another culture, stylistic allusion, George Crumb
quotation of music or stylistic illusion.
Works with recorded sound are called
Short segments of magnetic tape, spliced into loops and then fed through a tape recorder. (they get smaller and smaller through phasing)
Who Established Importance of Wind Ensemble
what is Micropolyphony
A group of instruments with independent contrapuntal lines that combine and create movement like a cannon. Except not everyone has the same material like a cannon.
computer analysis of timbre music,
creates a sonogram image that is used to create new music
Dies Irae Sequence is found in which songs
Dead Elvis, Black Angels
"ringing bells": After the strike of the bell there are 2 voices weaving around the pitch.
What is Prime
playing notes on the piano with the hand, fist, or forearm
quotation of music from another culture, stylistic allusion
composers leave elements unspecified and left to chance
composers value work for form and function
who used New Objectivity?
hindemith and weill
principal theme appears in its entirety only at the end of a work
Soviet composer deemed "formalist" by the totalitarian gov. for his contraversal opera Lady Macbeth
Composer that uses new notation, wavy beams for vibrato and stems w/out note heads to indicate slowing down
composer inspired by the Javanese Gamelan
Composer blended styles of Easter with the Classical western of J.S. Bach
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