42 terms

4: Catholic Forms of Expression and Ways of Life

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Architecture
The way a building is designed. What the people who made it wanted to achieve or do with that space.
Church
House of the Lord. Can mean the people of God or the building itself.
Lectern
A book stand from which readings are proclaimed.
Altar
The table that is a focal point inside a church building.
Focal point
The place in a building where people naturally look.
Crucifix
A cross with an image of the crucified Jesus.
Tabernacle
In the Old Testament this was a place where God met with people as they travelled to the promised land. In a modern Catholic Church it is a box where the consecrated host or Eucharist is kept.
Consecrated host
The Eucharistic wafer that has been blessed by a Priest.
Atonement
To be made 'at-one' with God through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Reconciliation
The restoring of a broken relationship - primarily between humans and God - through the forgiveness of sins
Baptismal font
A small bath-like container that is used to conduct the sacrament of Baptism. Can be found at the back (traditional) or front (most modern) of a church building.
Confessional
A small room or wooden construction dedicated to private conversation for the sacrament of reconciliation.
Stations of the Cross
A sequence of images from the story of the Passion of Christ.
Statues
There is usually at one of Mary in a Catholic church building - they are used to help the person pray and reflect.
Water stoup
A container with holy water at the entrance of a church that is used to make the sign of the cross.
Sacred objects of devotion
Something of great importance before God. Objects that might fit this description within the Catholic Church might include relics, rosary beads, candles and holy water.
Host
The sacramental bread used in the Eucharist.
Ciborium
A covered dish for the remaining hosts.
Chalice
A cup for wine during the Eucharist.
Paten
A plate for the large host used by the priest.
Sarcophagus
A box-like container for a corpse. Often used a a physical reminder of the person who is buried - can be a focus for prayers.
Hunger cloths
Used since the Middle Ages to cover the altar during Lent. Usually has stories and images based on the Bible to assist worship.
Religious artwork
A visual expression of faith that helps believers to learn and remember stories from the Bible - can include frescos, mosaics, drawings and sculptures.
Icon
Usually images of Jesus, Mary, saints and angels.
Renaissance art
A period of 'rebirth' in the visual arts that began in Florence (1300-1700 CE). Much of the art consists of Bible imagery.
The Sistine Chapel
Described as one of the 'greatest' works of art 'ever made'. Located in the Vatican, in the papal conclave. Produced by Michelangelo between 1508-12. Pope Julius II demanded layers of meaning that would serve as prompts for debate.
The Return of the Prodigal Son
A retelling of the story found in Luke 15. Painted by Rembrandt in 1667 after decades of preparation. It represents the love of God caring for us.
The requirements for Catholic Church art
CCC 2502 "evoking and glorifying, in faith and adoration, the transcendent mystery of God."
Symbolism
An object that is used to mean something else. The Catholic Church often uses symbolism in worship: 7 examples - cross, fish, chi rho, dove, eagle, alpha and omega, the evangelists.
Symbol: ICHTHUS
Mans 'fish' in Ancient Greek. The letters stand for Jesus Christ God Son Saviour. Links to 'fishers of men' saying to disciples in Matthew 4.
Symbol: the chi rho
First two letters of the word 'Christ' in Greek - X (chi) and P (rho).
Symbol: the dove
Used to suggest the Holy Spirit and also peace between Christians and non-Christians.
Symbol: the Eagle
Represents Jesus' divine nature. Also St John the evangelist.
Symbol: The Alpha and Omega
Jesus calls himself this in the book of Revelation 22:13. It means he is the first and last of all things - the letters are the first and last of the Greek alphabet.
Symbol: the evangelists
The Gospel writers: Matthew (human/angel), Mark (Lion), Luke (Ox), John (Eagle).
Passion plays
Drama that focusses on Jesus' death and resurrection
Mystery plays
Drama that helps people to reflect, learn and remember Bible stories.
Music in worship
Plainchant, hymns, psalms and songs that allow believers to unite.
Roman Gradual
Official source of music.
Roman Missal
Official source of readings.
Plainchant
Singing without music. A Gregorian chant often sung in churches and monasteries.
Psalms
Old Testament poetry written by King David (and others) often sung in church.
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