14 terms

Fitness

Unit 1 Key Words
STUDY
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Physical fitness
The ability to carry out daily tasks easily without feeling tired or sore
Muscular strength
Amount of force a muscle can exert
Muscular endurance
Ability of muscles to perform physical tasks over a long period of time without tiring
Cardio respiratory endurance
Ability of circulatory and respiratory system to supply oxygen during sustained physical activity.
Body Composition
The proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to bones, muscles and organs.
Aerobic activity
Physical activity that requires oxygen as it works the heart and lungs
Heart rate
Number of heartbeats per minute
Recovery time
Amount of time the body takes to return to resting levels after exercise.
Flexibility
The ability to move your muscles and joints through their full range of motion
Sprain
An injury to a joint caused by the twisting of the joint. It causes pain, loss of mobility, swelling, and black-and-blue discoloration of the injured site. Ligament may be torn.
Strain
An injury to a muscle or tendon at a joint. This is due to overuse or over stretching and a less serious than a sprain.
RICE
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Body Mass Index
A measurement to determine one's healthy weight range. It gives the ratio between height and weight
Anaerobic activity
An activity in which the muscles are using oxygen faster than the heart and lungs can deliver it